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Flashcards in Adolescent Deck (45)
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1

Adolescence overall age range

12 - 20 years

2

Early adolesence

12 - 14 years

3

Middle adolescence

15 - 17 years

4

Late adolescence

18 - 20 years

5

Physical changes of adolescence

rapid physical changes - reproductive, skeletal, muscular, cardiovascular

6

Piaget's cognitive stage of adolescence

Logical, abstract thinking

7

Erikson's major psychosocial task of adolescence

identity vs. role confusion
narcissism

8

Peers vs Parents
who has more influence with adolescents?

Parents

9

HEADSS

Home environment
Employment and education
Activities
Drugs
Social
Sexuality, Suicide

10

What may affect vision in an adolescent?

Hormone surging may affect vision

11

Tanner
Boys stage 1

Preadolescent

12

Tanner
Boys stage 2

Roughens
Reddens
Enlarges

(all scrotal/testicular)

13

Tanner
Boys stage 3

Penis elongates

14

Tanner
Boys stage 4

Girth
Glans
Rugae

15

Tanner
Boys stage 5

Adult appearance

16

Tanner
Girls stage 1

Preadolescent

17

Tanner
Girls stage 2

Breast buds

18

Tanner
Girls stage 3

Breast enlargement

19

Tanner
Girls stage 4

Areola and nipple project as secondary mound

20

Tanner
Girls stage 5

Adult breast - secondary mound smooths

21

Tanner
Pubic hair stage 1

Preadolescent

22

Tanner
Pubic hair stage 2

Sparse
Pale
Fine

23

Tanner
Pubic hair stage 3

Darker
Increased
Curlier

24

Tanner
Pubic hair stage 4

Adult-like but smaller area

25

Tanner
Pubic hair stage 5

Adult appearance
Has spread to medial thighs

26

At what stage does menarche occur?

Breast stage 3 - 4; predominantly 4

27

At what stage does spermarche and onset of nocturnal emissions occur?

Genital stage 3

28

Onset of puberty prior to what age is considered precocious?

Prior to age 8 for girls
age 9 for boys

29

Which is first skeletal or muscular growth?

Skeletal
"long and gangly first"
then muscles catch up

30

How much more growth can a female expect after menarche?

Possibly 1 - 2 inches, but growth spurt is done