Infant Health Issues Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Infant Health Issues Deck (42):
1

Definition of "newborn"

1-2 months

2

Definition of "infant"

up to 12 months

3

Infant -
physical focus (development pattern)

gross motor (cephalocaudal)
fine motor (proximal > distal)

4

Infant -
cognitive focus

sensorimotor

5

Infant -
psychosocial focus

developing trust

6

Infant -
head circumference up to what age?

2 years

7

Infant -
well child checks (WCC) frequency

birth, 2 weeks, 2, 4, 6, 9, and 12 months

8

Infant -
at what age should an infant have HEAD CONTROL?

4 months

9

Infant -
at what age should an infant no longer have HEAD LAG?

6 months

10

Infant -
periorbial edema in the infant is equivalent to what in the adult?

swollen ankles

11

how are tonsils described?

1+ 2+ 3+ 4+

12

asymmetrical tonsil could indicate what conditions?

Tonsillar ABCESS or LYMPHOMA

13

Infant -
what can a shrill, high-pitched cry indicate?

increased intracranial pressure

14

Infant -
pectus carinatum

pigeon chest

15

Infant -
pectus excavatum

sunken chest

16

Infant -
gynecomastia/galactorrhea - normal until what age?

3 months

due to maternal hormones

17

Infant -
is the liver edge palpable in infants?

in some babies

1 - 2 cm below R costal margin

18

Infant -
when should labial adhesions be referred?

when impeding flow of urine

19

Infant -
phimosis

inability to retract foreskin

20

Infant -
what do shotty nodes indicate?

past infection

21

Infant -
normal variant regarding lymph nodes?

inguinal up to ~ 1 cm
cervical up to ~ 2 cm

22

Lymph node location of particular concern

supraclavicular

23

Infant -
do babies have PERRLA?

No

Accomodation comes later

24

Infant -
"survival reflexes"

breathing
temperature control
feeding

25

Infant -
stranger anxiety happens when?

around 6 months

(and again 15-18 months)

26

Infant -
separation anxiety happens when?

around 8 months

27

Infant -
when to introduce solid foods?

6 months

28

Infant -
when to have first dental visit?

12 months

29

Infant -
when to start flossing?

first time that two teeth touch

30

most allergenic part of the egg?

egg white

31

Infant - developmental warning signs
vision

any apparent visual delay

32

Infant - developmental warning signs
if not raising head when lying on stomach by ____ months

3 months

33

Infant - developmental warning signs
hearing

if not reacting to voice or sound

34

Infant -
fever defined

>100.4 F (39 C)

though very young infants may be subnormal with infection due to lack of thermoregulation skilz

35

Infant -
fever >101.8 F in first two months of life suggest what?

serious bacterial infection

36

Infant -
common organisms in first month

Group B strep (GBS) and gram neg enteric organisms

37

Infant -
common organisms in second month

S. pneumoniae
H. influenzae

38

Infant -
best indicator of health status

behavior

39

Infant -
differential for behavior change with no apparent cause

consider UTI

40

Infant -
acetaminophen dosage

10-15 mg/kg q 4 - 6 hours

41

Infant -
at what age can ibuprofen be used?
dose?

6 months

10 mg/kg every 6 hours

42

Infant -
necessary guidance for parents of sick child?

when to call back/
red flags