Flashcards in Gero Deck (17):
increased or decreased sense of touch?
increased or decreased pain tolerance?
typical change to fever response?
blunted or absent
typical change to DTRs?
typical change to speed of cognitive processing?
Change to taste and thirst perception?
What are common causes of constipation in the elder adult? (5)
lack of fiber
lack of exercise
impaired defecation signal
What affect does aging have on absorption and metabolism of drugs?
both are decreased
what is the change to total lung capacity (TLC)? and what is the related physiology?
TLC remains constant BUT...
VITAL CAPACITY decreases (that which can be forcibly exhaled) ...because...
RESIDUAL VOLUME increases (air remaining after forced exhalation)
Is the cough reflex affected by aging?
yes, it diminishes
Living in a LTC facility increases chance of pneumonia by how much?
30% risk in a two year period
What picture might the gero patient present with in pneumonia?
classic symptoms might be absent
change in LOC or confusion
What are the top two differentials in a gero patient who presents with recent onset of confusion or LOC change?
What blood pressure changes are expected in the elderly?
blood pressure typically increases with age due to physiologic changes of aging
Hypertension puts the patient at risk for:
CHF related to LVH
What is immunosenescence?
theory that says the immune system diminishes with age