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Flashcards in Antibiotics Deck (15):
1

Quinolone suffix

-floxacin

2

Quinolone examples

ciprofloxacin - Cipro
levofloxacin - Levaquin
moxifloxacin - Avelox, Vigamox

3

Macrolide suffix

-mycin

4

Macrolide examples

azithromycin - Zithromax
erythromycin
clarithromycin - Biaxin

5

ABT for community acquired pneumonia in children

preschool -
1st - amoxicillin
2nd - amoxicillin/clavulanate or macrolide

school age -
1st - macrolide
2nd - amoxicillin, or amoxicillin/clavulanate

6

ABT for UTI in children

third-generation cephalosporin
o cefixime
o cefdinir
o ceftibuten

7

ABT for chlamydia

doxycycline - class Tetracycline
azithromycin - class Macrolide

8

ABT for gonorrhea

Ceftriaxone IM

9

ABT for UTI in pregnant patient

nitrofurantoin (Macrobid, Macrodantin)
cefpodoxime
amoxicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin)
fosfomycin

10

ABT for strep throat in children

Penicillin VK ("K for KIDS", and potassium)

if allergic to PCN - Erythromycin

11

ABT for strep throat in adults

Penicillin V

if allergic to PCN - Erythromycin

12

ABT for ear infection in children

amoxicillin - class PCN

second line:
amoxicillin/clavulunate - class PCN with Beta lactam inhibitor
cefdinir - class Cephalosporin
cefuroxime - class Cephalosporin

13

ABT for acute otitis media in adults

amoxicillin

if allergic to PCN - Erythromycin

14

ABT for community acquired pneumonia in adults

those < 60 years with no comorbidities --> macrolide (azithromycin, clarirthromycin, erythromycin)

those =/> 60 years or with other health problems --> fluoroquinolones (levofloxicin, gemifloxicin, moxifloxicin)

15

cefpodoxime - class?

3rd generation cephalosporin