Flashcards in Adult - Hepatitis Deck (25):
Mode of transmission for Hepatitis A
fecal - oral
Mode of transmission for Hepatitis B
all body fluids - serum, saliva, semen, vag juice, breast milk
Mode of transmission for Hepatitis C
IV drug use
In Hepatitis - possible ALT and AST in hepatitis vs regular levels
500 - 2000
When interpreting serology in Hepatitis A, what are the possible options?
When interpreting serology in Hepatitis B, what are the possible options?
When interpreting serology in Hepatitis C, what are the possible options?
What are features of the pre-icteric stage of hepatitis?
aversion to smells
What are features of the icteric stage of hepatits?
clay colored stool
What is Anti-HAV? in which stage is it present?
antibody to Hep A
present in both active and recovered stages
What does IgM represent?
What does IgG represent?
What is Anti-HBsAg? in which stage is it found?
Hepatitis B surface antigen
clue to RECOVERED hep b
What is Anti-HBc? in which stage is it present?
antibody to hepatitis B core antigen
present in all stages so can be DISREGARDED
What is HBeAg? in which stage is it present?
hepatitis B "e" antigen -->
indicative of viremia and means the person is highly infectious
present in ACTIVE hep b
What is Anti-HBe? in which stage is it present?
antibody to HBeAg
found in CHRONIC hep b
Maybe add the Hep serology "sets" here?
Which hepatitis does not have a recovery phase?
What is the serology for Hep C?
Acute and chronic have the SAME serology which is:
Anti-HVC, HCV RNA
In Hep C, how are prior exposure and current viremia differentiated?
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
For hepatitis management, should fluids be increased or decreased?
INcreased to 3000-4000 mL/day
What should NOT be ingested by those with hepatitis?
meds detoxed in liver
What can be used for sedation in patients with hepatitis?
What my happen to coags such as PT in hepatitis and what is the treatment?
PT may become prolonged (> 15 sec)
treat with vitamin K