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Flashcards in Women's health not otherwise specified Deck (13):
1

When to begin mammograms?

age 40

2

How often to do mammograms?

annually or biannually ages 40 - 49
annually age 50 and up

3

When to stop mammograms?

can stop at 75 depending on health and risk factors

4

Average age of menopause?

age 51

5

What risk factors are taken into account when considering hormone replacement therapy?

family history -

breast cancer
uterine cancer
MI / CAD

6

What is the role of progesterone in HRT?

estrogen alone, when not balanced by progesterone, can stimulate growth of the lining of the uterus, increasing the risk of uterine cancer

7

Why do women have more osteoporosis than men?

sudden loss of estrogen in menopause

8

DEXA T scores

what is normal?
what is low bone mass?
what is osteoporosis?

greater than ( - 1 ) is normal

( -1 ) to ( - 2.5 ) is low bone mass

below ( - 2.5 )

9

What are some examples of calcium rich foods?

green leafy veg
dairy
tofu
sardines
salmon with bones

10

Which type of calcium has the greatest amount of elemental calcium?

calcium carbonate

11

Examples of oral bisphosphonates

-dronate

risedronate (Actonel)
alendronate (Fosamax)
ibandronate (Boniva)

12

Examples of IV bisphosphonates

-dronate

ibandronate (Boniva)
zoledronic acid (Reclast)

13

What are the instructions for oral bisphosphonates?

take with a full glass of water
NPO 30 minutes to 1 hour
sit up right 30 minutes to 1 hour