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Flashcards in GU Deck (12):
1

Urinalysis in UTI

what is pyuria?

> 10 WBC / mL

2

Urinalysis in UTI

nitrates show what from a sensitivity / specificity perspective?

very specific (-) but not sensitive (+)

shows true negatives

3

Urinalysis in UTI

esterase detection shows what from a sensitivity / specificity perspective?

very sensitive (+) but not specific (-)

shows true positives

4

Management of lower and upper UTI

most commonly used agents

TMP/SMX (Bactrim)
ciprofloxacin
amoxicillin clavulunate

5

Management of UTI in pregnancy

amoxicillin
nitrofurantoin (Macrobid)

increased duration, not dose

6

What is black box warning on ciprofloxacin?

Achilles tendon rupture

7

What is the cause of stress incontinence?

urethral incompetence

urine leakage from laughter, sneeze, exercise

8

What is the cause of urge incontinence?

detrussor overactivity - "overactive bladder"

urgency, involuntary urine loss, nocturia, frequency

9

Weight loss will benefit which type of incontinence?

urge

10

What class of medications is used for urge incontinence?

muscarinic receptor antagonists

11

What are examples of immediate release muscarinic receptor antagonists?

oxybutinin (Ditropan)
tolterodine (Detrol)
trospium (Sanctura)

12

What are examples of extended release muscarinic receptor antagonists?

darifenacin (Enablex)
Ditropan XL
Detrol LA