What are the two differentiating symptoms of the common cold from other illnesses or allergies?
erythematous nasal mucosa
Generally, is fever associated with the common cold?
What is another name for the common cold?
What is a good indicator that a pharyngitis is viral in nature?
when it is accompanied by rhinorrhea
What are 3 indicators that a pharyngitis is bacterial in nature?
anterior cervical adenopathy
- macropapular rash
Diagnostics to consider for pharyngitis?
- rapid strep
What is the hallmark onset of influenza?
abrupt onset of symptoms
What does a neuraminidase inhibitor do?
reduce duration of influenza by about 2 days
zanamivir (Relenza) - inahler
oseltamivir (Tamiflu) - oral
What is the causitive organism in mono?
What is the incubation period for mono?
1 - 2 months
What are the recommendations for the influeza vaccine?
Starting at 6 months of age
What are the five defining characteristics of mono?
- extreme malaise
- severe pharyngitis
- white tonsillar exudates
posterior cervical adenopathy
- splenomegaly sometimes
Diagnostic test for mono?
What does a CBC with differential reveal in mono?
with relative lymphocytosis and neutropenia
a "shift to the right"
Why might a steroid taper be used in mono?
if tonsils are severely enlarged
What symptoms indicate a bacterial cause in sinusitis?
along with other sinusitis symptoms
If bacterial, what antibiotics are used for adults with sinusitis?