Flashcards in Issues in Aging Deck (19):
Average life expectancy for a female in the US
Average life expectancy for a male in the US
Key organ systems most vulnerable to disease in the elderly
In an older adult, the system associated with a symptom is MORE or LESS likely to be the source of that symptom.
for example, confusion in an elder could be caused by a UTI
Danger signs in the older person - may need additional support
sudden weight loss
Three categories of ADLs
Advanced ADLs - volunteering, social
Instrumental ADLs - cooking, medication, finances
Basic ADLs - dressing, eating, ambulating
What is normal albumin level?
What does less indicate?
3.5 - 5 g/dL
indicates protein malnutrition
What is the earliest lab value indicative of protein malnutrition?
What is one complication of protein deficiency?
Elder losing how much weight in one month is a concern?
5 lbs or more
Albumin - normal range
3.5 - 5 g/dL
Prealbumin - normal range
16 - 35 mg/dL
> 200 mg/dL
Total lymphocyte count
1200 - 1800 cells/mm3
Normal body temperature in an elder is:
1-2 degrees F below that of younger adults
Fluid volume regulation in an elder is affected by:
lower thirst drive
less ability to concentrate urine
lower percentage of body water
less kidney response to dehydration
What percent of the elderly with infection/sepsis have no fever?
What is one rule of thumb for defining fever in the elderly?
An increase of 2` F or 1.1 ` C from baseline