Flashcards in Alsace Deck (49):
Alsace was the last major French winemaking region to achieve AOC status. True or False?
True, in 1962.
What are the two départements of Alsace?
Haut-Rhin and Bas-Rhin
Over two-thirds of Alsace’s Grand Cru vineyards are located in the:
Alsace is one of France's driest and sunniest climates. It's also France's smallest. True or False?
True - it's semi-continental.
What is the capital of the Haut-Rhin département?
Colmar. It is the driest city in France.
What is Grès de Vosges?
Generally, the steeper mountain slopes are generally composed of ___, ___ and ___.
The lower slopes sit on a ___ base.
The Plains have ____ and ____.
Steeper: schist, granite and volcanic sediment
Plains: rich, alluvial clay and and gravel soils
What are the 4 noble grapes of Alsace?
Muscat (either Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains, Muscat Rosé à Petits Grains or Muscat Ottonel)
These grapes can be bottle varietally:
Pinot Blanc (Klevner)
All varietally labeled Alsace AOP wines must contain 100% of the printed grape EXCEPT:
Even if bottled as a single variety, Auxerrois may be accorded the title of “Pinot Blanc” on the label. True or False?
Which noble grape is the last to ripen?
Alsatian AOP law mandates, from 2008 forward, that standard Riesling wines must be ___ in style.
Traminer in Alsace is AKA:
Klevener (not to be confused with Pinot Blanc, aka Klevner)
5 communes may bottle Klevener varietally under the existing Alsace AOP:
What does Edelzwicker mean?
Noble mixture. It's usually an inexpensive blended white.
Edelzwickers do not need to be vintage-dated. True or False?
True. They don't have to be a blend, either.
What does Gentil mean?
It's a superior designation for blends, requiring a minimum of 50% noble grapes.
Give an example of a producer who vinifies different varietals together and produces under a vineyard name.
What was the first Grand Cru vineyard in Alsace?
Schlossberg in 1975
The 51st Grand Cru of Alsace, ___, was added in 2007.
The grands crus Altenberg de Bergheim and Kaefferkopf can do what?
They may blend multiple grape varieties according to certain prescribed proportions.
What is the one Grand Cru where Sylvaner is permitted?
Hand-harvesting is mandatory for all Grand Cru wines. True or False?
The minimum potential alcohol for Grand Cru Riesling and Muscat is __% and for Pinot Gris and Gewürztraminer it's __%
11% for Rielsing and Muscat
12.5% for Pinot Gris and Gewurztraminer
The smallest Grand Cru is ___ and the largest Grand Cru is ___.
smallest: Kanzlerberg (3ha)
largest: Schlossberg (80ha)
Who makes Clos Ste. Hune? In which Grand Cru vineyard is it?
Riesling and Muscat VT require minimum ___g/L RS
Pinot Gris and Gewürztraminer VT require minimum ___g/L RS
Riesling and Muscat: 235
PG and Gewurz: 257
Riesling and Muscat SGN require minimum ___g/L RS
Pinot Gris and Gewürztraminer SGN require minimum ___g/L RS
Riesling and Muscat: 276
PG and Gewurz: 306
Chardonnay is only allowed in what?
What are two super small AOPs in neighboring Lorraine?
Côtes de Toul AOP
- light reds from PN, whites from Auxerrois and Aubin
- white, red and rosés made from PN and Auxerrois
Altenberg de Bergheim Grand Cru may produce Alsace Grand Cru AOP blends. True or False?
Out of the four noble grapes, Pinot Gris usually produces the lowest-acid wines. True or False?
False - it's probably Gewürztraminer
Soils found in Alsace:
Granite, limestone, schist, clay, gravel, chalk, loess, and local pink sandstone (Grès de Vosges).
Pinot Blanc and Auxerrois represent the largest volume of Alsace production. True or False?
What is Alsace's most planted grape? It's also the last to ripen.
Klevener de Heiligenstein is aka ___. It's a pink variant of Traminer.
- it's grown around the Heiligenstein commune of the Bas-Rhin.
Alsace GC vineyards first appeared in what year?
25 were designated in 1983.
Another 25 in 1985, and in 2006 the 51st was added (Kaefferkopf)
Which Grand Crus can bottle blended wines?
Altenberg de Bergheim and Kaefferkopf.
What Grand Cru vineyard can bottle Sylvaner?
Red wine ONLY subzones in Alsace:
VT and SGN may not be released until:
June 1 of the second year following harvest
Important vineyards in Rangen Grand Cru
Clos St. Urbain (Zind-Humbrecht)
Clos St. Théobald (Schoffit)
Important vineyard in Brand Grand Cru
Clos de la Treille (F. Baur)
List some important Clos vineyards NOT located within Grand Cru vineyards.
Clos des Capucins (Weinbach)
Clos Windsbuhl (Z-H)
Clos Himmelreich (Albrecht)
Clos Ribeaupierre (Jean Sipp)
Important vineyards in Kirchberg de Barr Grand Cru
Clos Gaensbroennel (Willm)
Clos Zisser (Dom. Klipfel)
Important vineyard in Osterberg Grand Cru
Clos du Zahnacker (Ribeauvillé)
Important vineyard in Pfingstberg Grand Cru
Clos Schild (Albrecht)