Name the regions
On what sea does Tuscany lie?
When was Sassicaia first released?
1968 (Tenuta San Guido)
What is the climate of Tuscany?
Maritime (coast), Mediterranean (inland)
What is Italy’s most planted red varietal?
What is Italy’s most planted white grape?
What are the 8 sub-zones of Chianti?
What is the DOC within Rúfina?
Pomino DOC - both red and whites
Cabernet Sauvignon may not exceed __% of the blend in Chianti.
When can Chianti normale be released?
March 1 following harvest
Chianti and Chianti Riserva require how much aging?
Chianti - cannot be released prior to March 1 year following harvest
Riserva - aged min 26 mos from Jan 1 following harvest AND at least 12% abv
- up to 15% CS permitted
Chianti must be minimum how much Sangiovese?
70-100% Sangiovese EXCEPT Colli Senesi, which is 75%
What are the original 4 villages of Chianti Classico?
Radda, Gaiole, Castellina, and Greve
What are the two common soil types in Chianti Classico?
Galestro - soft, friable, marl-like
Alberese - sandstone
Are white grapes allowed in Chianti Classico?
What are the minimum ABVs for Chianti and Chianti Classico?
11.5% and 12%, respectively
Chianti Classico Riserva aging and min ABV
Aged min 24 months, min ABV 12.5%
CC Gran Selezione (2013) - aged min 30 mos
Chianti Classico Gran Selezione minimum aging
at least 30 months
Brunello di Montalcino aging and release requirements
Normale - aged in cask for a minimum two years and bottle for an additional four months; may not be released until January 1st of the fifth year following harvest.
Riserva - aged in cask for a minimum two years and bottle for an additional six months; may not be released until January 1st of the sixth year following harvest
Modern-style Brunello producers
Casanova di Neri
Classic-style Brunello producers
Aging requirement for Rosso di Montalcino
1 year (cask aging not required)
Any grape authorized in Tuscany may be utilized for Sant’Antimo DOC. What color can they be?
Red or white
Moscadello di Montalcino DOC wines can be what style?
Sweet or sparkling
What are the permissible grapes in Vino Nobile di Montrepulciano?
min 70% Sangiovese (Prugnolo Gentile clone) and, as of 2010, a maximum 30% other varieties of Tuscany, including no more than 5% of white varieties
VNdiM aging requirements for normale and riserva
Aged for a minimum of two years, with at least one year in wood.
Riserva wines are aged for at least three years.
Morellino di Scansano DOCG must be a minimum what % Sangiovese?
Carmignano must be minimum how much Sangiovese?
- 10% to 20% of Cabernet Sauvignon and/or Cabernet Franc is required in the blend
Rosso della Val di Cornia and Suvereto can add a higher % of CS and ME - how much?
Suvereto - min 85%
Val di Cornia - min 40% Sangiovese, max 60% CS/ME
Name four 100% Sangiovese Super-Tuscans
San Felice's Vigorello
Montevertine’s Le Pergole Torte
Isole e Olena’s Cepparello
What is the only true monopole DOC in all of Italy?
What color is Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG and what's the grape?
It's red and made from Aleatico
Vin Santo is made from which grapes?
Trebbiano and Malvasia
What's the rosé version of Vin Santo called and what grape is in it?
Occhio di Pernice
- minimum 50% Sangiovese along with Trebbiano, Malvasia and sometimes Grechetto
- grapes usually raisinated at least until Dec 1
- slow fermentation in caratelli barrels
- aging 3-8 years in chestnut (oak sometimes used)
- if fortified, labeled as 'licoroso'
What's the process of making Vin Santo?
The grapes are raisinated at least until December 1. A period of slow fermentation and aging in caratelli barrels between three and eight years, depending on the style. Chestnut wood is traditionally used, allowing rapid oxidation, although many modern producers have switched to oak. The barrels are never topped—alcohol is concentrated through evaporation and the wine gains its characteristic amber hue. The final style of vin santo may be dry or sweet, depending on the length of the appassimento process. Vin santo may be fortified, and labeled liquoroso.
Name 3 Super Tuscans by Antinori
"Tignanello" (IGT Toscana)
"Solaia" (IGT Toscana)
"Guado al Tasso" (DOC Bolgheri Superiore)
Which two Super Tuscans does Tenuta dell'Ornellaia make?
"Ornellaia" (DOC Bolgheri Superiore)
"Masseto" (IGT Toscana)
Name four 100% Merlot Super Tuscans
Castello di Ama "L'Apparita"
La Cappella "Cantico"
Tua Rita "Redigaffi"
Le Macchiole makes three 100% varietal Super Tuscans. What are they and which grapes?
"Paleo": 100% Cabernet Franc;
"Messorio": 100% Merlot;
"Scrio": 100% Syrah
Red and white grapes of Bolgheri DOC
Vermentino, Sauvignon Blanc
CS, CF, ML, and/or Syrah and Sangiovese
Name the 2 sub-communes of Brunello di Montalcino
What is the practice of Governo?
It's refermentaion with tjhe juice of dried grapes to strengthen the wine and initiate malo.
- legally permitted in Chiani
- label must read, "Governo all'uso Toscano" (most quality producers avoid Governo)
Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG grapes, aging:
- min 70% Prugnolo Gentile, max 30% other reds
- aged min 2 yrs, at least 1 in wood. 12.5% abv
- Riserva aged min 3 yrs, 13% abv