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Flashcards in Tuscany Deck (43):
1

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Name the regions

2

On what sea does Tuscany lie?

Tyrrhenian Sea

3

When was Sassicaia first released?

1968 (Tenuta San Guido)

4

What is the climate of Tuscany?

Maritime (coast), Mediterranean (inland)

5

What is Italy’s most planted red varietal?

Sangiovese

6

What is Italy’s most planted white grape?

Trebbiano Toscano

7

What are the 8 sub-zones of Chianti?

Classico

Rùfina

Colli Fiorentini

Colli Senesi

Colline Pisane

Colli Aretini

Montalbano

Montespertoli

8

What is the DOC within Rúfina?

Pomino DOC - both red and whites 

9

Cabernet Sauvignon may not exceed __% of the blend in Chianti.

15%

10

When can Chianti normale be released?

March 1 following harvest

11

Chianti and Chianti Riserva require how much aging?

Chianti - cannot be released prior to March 1 year following harvest

Riserva - aged min 26 mos from Jan 1 following harvest AND at least 12% abv

- up to 15% CS permitted

12

Chianti must be minimum how much Sangiovese?

70-100% Sangiovese EXCEPT Colli Senesi, which is 75%

13

What are the original 4 villages of Chianti Classico?

Radda, Gaiole, Castellina, and Greve

14

What are the two common soil types in Chianti Classico?

Galestro - soft, friable, marl-like

Alberese - sandstone

15

Are white grapes allowed in Chianti Classico?

No

16

What are the minimum ABVs for Chianti and Chianti Classico?

11.5% and 12%, respectively

17

Chianti Classico Riserva aging and min ABV

Aged min 24 months, min ABV 12.5%

CC Gran Selezione (2013) - aged min 30 mos

 

18

Chianti Classico Gran Selezione minimum aging

at least 30 months

19

Brunello di Montalcino aging and release requirements

Normale - aged in cask for a minimum two years and bottle for an additional four months; may not be released until January 1st of the fifth year following harvest.

Riserva - aged in cask for a minimum two years and bottle for an additional six months; may not be released until January 1st of the sixth year following harvest

20

Modern-style Brunello producers

Casanova di Neri

Mastrojanni

Mocali

21

Classic-style Brunello producers

Biondi-Santi

Talenti

Soldera

Il Colle

22

Aging requirement for Rosso di Montalcino

1 year (cask aging not required)

23

Any grape authorized in Tuscany may be utilized for Sant’Antimo DOC.  What color can they be?

Red or white

24

Moscadello di Montalcino DOC wines can be what style?

Sweet or sparkling

25

What are the permissible grapes in Vino Nobile di Montrepulciano?

min 70% Sangiovese (Prugnolo Gentile clone) and, as of 2010, a maximum 30% other varieties of Tuscany, including no more than 5% of white varieties

26

VNdiM aging requirements for normale and riserva

Aged for a minimum of two years, with at least one year in wood. 

Riserva wines are aged for at least three years.

27

Morellino di Scansano DOCG must be a minimum what % Sangiovese?

85%

28

Carmignano must be minimum how much Sangiovese?

50%

- 10% to 20% of Cabernet Sauvignon and/or Cabernet Franc is required in the blend

29

Rosso della Val di Cornia and Suvereto can add a higher % of CS and ME - how much?

Suvereto - min 85%

Val di Cornia - min 40% Sangiovese, max 60% CS/ME

30

Name four 100% Sangiovese Super-Tuscans

San Felice's Vigorello

Montevertine’s Le Pergole Torte

Isole e Olena’s Cepparello

Fèlsina's Fontalloro

31

What is the only true monopole DOC in all of Italy?

Bolgheri Sassicaia

32

What color is Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG and what's the grape?

It's red and made from Aleatico

33

Vin Santo is made from which grapes?

Trebbiano and Malvasia

34

What's the rosé version of Vin Santo called and what grape is in it?

Occhio di Pernice 

- minimum 50% Sangiovese along with Trebbiano, Malvasia and sometimes Grechetto

- grapes usually raisinated at least until Dec 1

- slow fermentation in caratelli barrels

- aging 3-8 years in chestnut (oak sometimes used)

- if fortified, labeled as 'licoroso'

35

What's the process of making Vin Santo?

The grapes are raisinated at least until December 1. A period of slow fermentation and aging in caratelli barrels between three and eight years, depending on the style. Chestnut wood is traditionally used, allowing rapid oxidation, although many modern producers have switched to oak. The barrels are never topped—alcohol is concentrated through evaporation and the wine gains its characteristic amber hue. The final style of vin santo may be dry or sweet, depending on the length of the appassimento process. Vin santo may be fortified, and labeled liquoroso.

36

Name 3 Super Tuscans by Antinori

"Tignanello" (IGT Toscana)
"Solaia" (IGT Toscana)
"Guado al Tasso" (DOC Bolgheri Superiore)

37

Which two Super Tuscans does Tenuta dell'Ornellaia make?

"Ornellaia" (DOC Bolgheri Superiore)
"Masseto" (IGT Toscana) 

38

Name four 100% Merlot Super Tuscans

Castello di Ama "L'Apparita"

Boscarelli "Boscarelli"

La Cappella "Cantico"

Tua Rita "Redigaffi"

39

Le Macchiole makes three 100% varietal Super Tuscans.  What are they and which grapes?

"Paleo": 100% Cabernet Franc;
"Messorio": 100% Merlot;
"Scrio": 100% Syrah

40

Red and white grapes of Bolgheri DOC

Whites

Vermentino, Sauvignon Blanc

Reds

CS, CF, ML, and/or Syrah and Sangiovese

41

Name the 2 sub-communes of Brunello di Montalcino

Torrenieri

Castelnuovo Abate

42

What is the practice of Governo?

It's refermentaion with tjhe juice of dried grapes to strengthen the wine and initiate malo.

- legally permitted in Chiani

- label must read, "Governo all'uso Toscano" (most quality producers avoid Governo)

43

Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG grapes, aging:

- min 70% Prugnolo Gentile, max 30% other reds

- aged min 2 yrs, at least 1 in wood. 12.5% abv

- Riserva aged min 3 yrs, 13% abv