What are the two mountain ranges in Oregon (the Willamette Valley is between them)?
Coastal Range (west) and Cascades (east)
Who were some of the first to plant grapes in Willamette?
Drouhin purchased land in Dundee in ____.
What are the 6 Willamette sub-AVAs north or south?
Chehalem Mountains Yamhill-Carlton Ribbon Ridge Dundee Hills McMinnville Eola-Amity Hills
What are the 18 approved AVAs in Oregon?
Walla Walla The Rocks of Milton Freewater Columbia Valley Columbia Gorge Snake River Valley Willamette Valley and its 6 sub-AVAs Southern Oregon (and its 5 sub-AVAs) Elkton Oregon Umpqua Rogue Applegate Red Hill Douglas County
What are the 4 main soil types in Willamette?
1. Uplifted Marine Sediments - Willakenzie series in the northern Willamette Valley and the Bellpine series in the south
2. Volcanic - Jory and Nekia
3. Loess - Laurelwood, Cornelius, and Cascade
4. Missoula Flood Deposits - Woodburn is the primary series
What is the Van Duzer Corridor?
A gap in the Coastal Mountains that separates the valley from the ocean directly impacting McMinnville and the Eola-Amity Hills, generating more tannic styles of Pinot Noir.
Some of the coolest sites are in ____. Why?
Chehalem Mountains AVA because of north-facing vineyards.
What are the AVAs within the Southern Oregon AVA?
Umpqua Valley Elkton Oregon Rogue Valley Applegate Valley Red Hill Douglas County
________ is the warmest and driest growing region west of the Cascades in Oregon.
Applegate Valley AVA
What is the AVA within Walla Walla Valley?
The Rocks of Milton-Freewater AVA. It sits on an old riverbed.
How many vineyards are in Snake River Valley AVA on the OR side? (check this)
One - Martin Brothers Vineyard
Varietal wines from Oregon must contain __% of the stated varietal.
90% (75% everywhere else)
A wine labeled by an AVA in Oregon must contain __% from that AVA.
95% (85% everywhere else)
Willamette Valley is a Region I on the Heat Summation Index. True or False?
True - same as Bordeaux and Reims.
What is LIVE certification?
Created by a group of Willamette winegrowers, led by Ted Casteel of Bethel Heights, it promotes environmental stewardship with rigorous independent 3rd party certification for sustainable grape growing and winemaking practices.
Where were the first grapes planted in Willamette?
Dundee Hills in 1847
What are the two dominant influences of Eola-Amity Hills?
Shallow volcanic soils and the Van Duzer Corridor
What are the 3 volcanic basalt soils in Eola-Amity?
Nekia Woodburn Steiwer - these are shallow, well drained
Wines from Eola-Amity tend to be:
brighter with fuller structure compared to the northern AVAs of Willamette.
Chehalem Mountains AVA is difficult to categorize because:
geography and climate are varied. There is loess (Laurelwood), basaltic (Jory and Saum), and marine sedimentary (Willakenzie and Melbourne). Lots of varietals grown here, not just PN.
The oldest soils in Willamette Valley are in _____.
Yamhill-Carlton. They are coarse-grained and marine; they drain quickly.
McMinnville AVA soils are primarily:
marine sedimentary loams and silts with alluvial overlays
Ribbon Ridge AVA soils are uniformly:
Classic Oregon vintages:
1988 1990 1993 2000 2004 2008('best vintage in last 20 years') 2012(started off wet, ended up with long/dry growing season)
2013 - tale of 2 harvests: Rain Event end of Sept dumped 5"
Cool Oregon vintages:
1995 1997 2005 2007 2010 2011
Chehalem Mountain wineries:
Ribbon Ridge wineries:
The Ribbon Ridge AVA is located within the Chehalem Mountains AVA.
Shea Vineyard is the AVA’s most important site.
Dundee Hills has the potential to produce the Willamette Valley’s most delicate and perfumed wines.
Dundee Hills wineries:
Coeur de Terre
Famous vineyards in Willamette:
Freedom Hill - Willamette Valley AVA; it receives the first cooling breezes of the Pacific Ocean in the late afternoons Temperance Hill - Eola-Amity Justice - Eola-Amity Shea - Yamhill foothills Momtazi - McMinnville David Hill - northern Willamette AVA; planted 1965 by Charles Coury
Name the AVAs
Map of Oregon
Jory vs. Willakenzie Soils
Jory - well-draining volcanic (Dundee)
Willakenzie - fine loam, ash-covered (Ribbon Ridge)
Oregon wine law states that if a grape is on the label, __% of that grape must be in the bottle (vs. 75% everywhere else)
Oregon wine law states that if a bottle has an AVA on the label, __% of those grapes must be from that AVA (vs. 85% everywhere else).
Who is OR's largest producer?
Pinot Noir clones in Willamette Valley:
original: Pommard and Wädenswil
in 1980s: Dijon
Who uses whole cluster in Willamette?
Who uses a lot of oak?
Cristom, White Rose (rare; most de-stem)
Domaine Serene, Chapter 24, Antica Terra
Name the three AVAs of Idaho.
Lewis-Clark Valley AVA
Eagle Foothills AVA
Snake River Valley AVA
Warm Oregon vintages:
2016, though not quite as hot as previous 2 years