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Flashcards in Washington Deck (52):
1

Where does Washington rank in terms of production?

Second

2

95% of Washington's vineyards are located ____ of the Cascade Mountains.

East

3

Is irrigation necessary for Washington?

Yes, east of the Cascades.

4

What is the climate of Eastern Washington?

Continental

5

What are two common weather threats for Washington?

Spring frosts and winter freezes

6

What's the soil like in Washington?

Basalt in the bedrock overlaid by sediments deposited by the Missoula Floods -- so, vines are planted on sandy or silty loam soils derived from the flood-borne sediments.

7

The largest AVA in Washington is:

Columbia Valley (covers >11 million acres!)

8

The smallest AVA in Washington is:

Red Mountain (sw exposure, loess)

9

Washington's first approved AVA in 1983 was:

Yakima Valley

10

Yakima has three nested AVAs:

Snipes Mountain Rattlesnake Hills Red Mountain

11

Washington's warmest AVA is:

Red Mountain - lots of Cabernet Sauvignon - it's also very windy so the grapes are smaller with thicker skins, therefore increased tannin and alcohol. Its most famous vineyard is Ciel du Cheval, planted in 1975.

12

Walla Walla is planted over 80% to:

Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Merlot

13

What is the Rocks of Milton-Freewater and what's cool about it?

Received AVA status in 2015. It's an area in Walla Walla ON THE OREGON SIDE that features a topsoil of basalt cobblestones that draws comparisons to the galets of Châteauneuf-du-Pape.

14

What are the 13 AVAs of Washington State?

Columbia Valley Lake Chelan, most north Ancient Lakes Wahluke Slope, center Naches Heights Yakima Valley Rattlesnake Hills Snipes Mountain Red Mountain Columbia Gorge Horse Heaven Hills Walla Walla Valley Puget Sound

15

What are the two mountain ranges in Washington?

Olympic Mountains Cascade Mountains

16

What is the Rocks of Milton-Freewater and what's cool about it?

Received AVA status in 2015. It's an area in Walla Walla ON THE OREGON SIDE that features a topsoil of basalt cobblestones that draws comparisons to the galets of Châteauneuf-du-Pape.

17

What are the two mountain ranges in Washington?

Olympic Mountains Cascade Mountains

18

Name some top Red Mountain producers:

Januik DeLille Force Majeure

19

How does Washington compare in terms of warmth to Napa and Willamette?

It's warmer than Willamette, cooler than Napa.

20

Has phylloxera ever struck Washington?

No. All vines in Washington are own-rooted.

21

Washington vines have a mildew problem. True or False?

False! It's so dry there any sort of mildew is discouraged -- there are also no fall rains to destroy vintages.

22

What helps define Washington wines?

Regional differences, vineyard choices, winemaking styles.

23

What are the shared AVAs between WA and OR?

Walla Walla, Columbia Gorge, Columbia Valley

24

The eastern part of Walla Walla AVA is in which mountains?

Blue Mountains -- more rain here, and the soils have river rocks, loess, and frost threats.

25

What are some of the most famous vineyard in Washington?

Champoux (Horse Heaven Hills 1972, Andrew Will)

Ciel du Cheval (Red Mountain 1975, Andrew Will)

Harrison Hill (Snipes Mountain 1962, DeLille Cellars)

26

Washington’s first wine grapes were planted at Fort Vancouver by the Hudson’s Bay Company in ____.

1825

27

Washington vintages 2010-2016

2010 - balanced thanks to cool summer

2011 - wet and cool

2012 - warm

2013 - warmer

2014 - warmest

2015 - hottest on record, earliest harvest on record (mid-August)

2016 - started off hot, second half of growing season back to normal temps

 

28

Top producers in Columbia Valley AVA:

Quilceda Creek (Cabernet) Efeste Corliss àMaurice Betz Family J. Bookwalter

29

Top producers in Walla Walla AVA:

Rôtie (Syrah) Leonetti (Merlot) Cayuse (Syrah) Buty Seven Hills Winery

30

Top producers in Yakima AVA:

Maison Bleue (Chardonnay, Grenache) Owen Roe

31

Parent corporation Precept Wines owns what?

Canoe Ridge, Waterbrook, Willow Crest

32

Ste. Michelle Wine Estates is WA's largest producer. They account for __% of WA's total output.

60%

33

What is dual-trunk training?

With dual-trunk training, used throughout Washington, growers train two separate trunks on the same vine in parallel, just an inch or two apart, from the ground up. According to winemaker Brian McCormick of Memaloose, “statistically, you can get winter damage to one but not the other, even though they are growing in the same spot.” Vines are particularly susceptible to severe crown gall affliction after a hard freeze—with two trunks one’s chances of losing an entire vine canopy is halved.

34

Who is considered the "Father of Washington Wine"?

Dr. Walter Clore. In 1937 he was a horticulture professor at WSU. He planted vinifera on campus in 1940. By the 1960s he proved that vinifera could be grown in WA if planted in the right spot.

35

Which two grapes comprise about one-third of WA’s total acreage?

Cab Sauv and Merlot No single variety dominates.

36

7,000 acres of vines and a few key vineyards remain outside of any nested AVAs in WA. What are they (3)?

Sagemoor -- founded 1968, has 4 sites (all s/sw facing), and they're a major fruit source. Cold Creek -- owned by Chateau Ste. Michelle. Stillwater Creek -- new (planted in 2000), just north of Wahluke Slope, fruit source.

37

Most vineyards in Yakima now lie along the slopes, from 1,000-1,400 ft. elevation, rather than in the valley below, where the cold winter air settles. True or false?

True

38

Top vineyards today in Rattlesnake Hills include:

Andrew Will’s estate Two Blondes Vineyard and Côte Bonneville’s Dubrul Vineyard (but both bottle as Yakima AVA)

39

In Walla Walla AVA, vineyards are not really feasible below 850 ft. due to what? Also, Walla Walla AVA is mainly what soil type?

frost pressures Loess

40

Who are the “founding fathers” of modern viticulture and winemaking in Walla Walla?

L’Ecole: Baker Ferguson Waterbrook: Eric Rindal Leonetti Cellar: Gary Figgins Woodward Canyon Winery: Rick Small Cayuse: Christophe Baron (1997) Pepper Bridge: Norm McKibben (1998)

41

Coolest AVAs in WA:

Puget Sound, Columbia Gorge (super windy!)

42

What are the 2 key subregions of Columbia Gorge?

Underwood Mountain—a cool subregion located entirely on the Washington side

Hood River Valley - lies on the Oregon side

43

WA's first approved AVA was:

Yakima Valley in 1983, grown to mostly CH

Second and third AVAs were Walla Walla and Columbia Valley in 1984.

44

WA's smallest appellation is:

Red Mountain AVA, grows mostly CS

45

Soils in the Columbia Valley AVA are:

Basalt bedrock and thin alluvial topsoil. Deposited by the same Missoula Floods that washed through Willamette at the end of the last Ice Age.

46

What are the two mountain ranges that separate the Columbia Valley from the Pacific?

Olympic Mtns and Cascades

47

What are the AVAs within the super-appellation Columbia Valley, north to south?

Lake Chelan

Ancient Lakes

Wahluke Slope

Naches Heights

Yakima Valley - Rattlesnake Hills (northernmost, central part of Yakima) - Snipes Mtn (just south of Rattlesnake, w/in Yakima) - Red Mtn (SW exposure - lots of heat and wind so the berry size is smaller and has thick skins and higher T & ABV)

Horse Heaven Hills

Walla Walla

Columbia Gorge (way west, closest to Portland, OR).  Lewis Clarke Valley (shared w/Idaho)

48

Most common grapes grown in WA?

CS, CH, ME, RSL

49

Where is the Champoux Vineyard?

In Horse Heaven Hills AVA, WA

Horse Heaven is the 2nd warmest AVA after Red Mtn

50

Columbia Gorge AVA has a warmer or more moderate climate?

More moderate.

51

What is the oldest site in WA for CS?

Harrison Hill, planted in 1962.

52

Snipes Mtn AVA has what kind of soil?

Gravel and pudding stones.