Flashcards in Southern Rhône Deck (27):
What are the 5 communes of Châteauneuf-du-Pape?
Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Orange, Courthézon, Bédarrides, Sorgues
The vineyards of the Southern Rhône are between the cities:
Montélimar to Avignon
When was the Papal Schism?
In 1309, the Southern Rhône suddenly became the center of Christian Europe as Pope Clement V moved his court from Rome to Avignon. His successor, Pope John XXII, began construction of the now-ruined summer papal palace—Châteauneuf-du-Pape—and planted the surrounding vineyards. The Roman Catholic Popes presided in Avignon until 1378, and Châteauneuf-du-Pape remained property of the papacy until 1791.
The Southern Rhône was the first quality region in France to be struck by phylloxera when it first appeared in 1863. True or False?
The first AOC in France was Châteauneuf-du-Pape in 1936. True or False?
What is the climate of the Southern Rhône?
What is the most planted red grape in the Southern Rhône?
What are the soils in the Southern Rhône?
alluvial soils over limestone subsoil, along with sand, gravel and clay.
Château Rayas is known to be 100% ___.
Why do AOP regulations mandate that producers declassify or discard at least 2% of harvested grapes (le râpé)?
To safeguard against under-ripeness.
Who was the first estate-bottled Châteauneuf-du-Pape in 1785?
Château La Nerthe
What does the papal crest on the bottle mean?
It means the wine was estate bottled.
What are the permissible grapes of CdP?
Gigondas AOP may produce what styles of wines?
Reds and rosés based on 50% Grenache, and may be blended with anything BUT Carignan.
Vacqueyras AOP may product what styles of wines?
Mostly red (min. 50% Grenache) with a few whites and rosés.
Beaumes-de-Venise AOP and Vinsobres AOP are based on what grape?
min. 50% Grenache
Lirac AOP may product what styles of wines?
red, white, and rosé - Grenache Noir and Blanc dominate.
Tavel AOP produces exclusively what?
Dry rosés based on Grenache
What are the 2 appellations for Vin Doux Naturel in the Southern Rhône?
Rasteau AOP (more tawny)
Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise AOP (more fresh)
both may be white, rosé or red
Which 3 communes are eligible for the Rasteau AOP?
Rivesaltes may be ambré and tuilé - what does that mean?
Respectively, white and red VDN wines displaying a more oxidative character and subject to at least three years of aging prior to release.
Fresher versions of Rasteau VDN are labelled as ___ and ___.
When a Rasteau VDN is labelled Hors d'Age it means ___.
blanc and grenat
Hors d'age wines have matured for at least five years prior to release.
Rasteau AOP wines may also be rancio - what's that?
A deliberately oxidative and maderized style in which the wine is left in open barrels, exposed to the ravages of sunlight and temperature.
What is the Southern Rhône Valley's northernmost appellation?
- whites are min. 30% Viognier, plus Bourboulenc, Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Roussanne
- reds and rosés are min. 70% combined Grenache (20-70%) and Syrah (30-80%) with lots of the above white grapes allowed.
Name 5 other appellations in the Southern Rhône.
Côtes du Vivarais AOP
Costières de Nimes AOP
Clairette de Bellegarde AOP (a single-commune appellation within Costières de Nimes producing white wines from the Clairette grape; the other 4 make white, red and rosé).
Which village may NOT add its name to the Côtes du Rhône-Villages AOP?