Southern Rhône Flashcards Preview

Wine > Southern Rhône > Flashcards

Flashcards in Southern Rhône Deck (27):
1

What are the 5 communes of Châteauneuf-du-Pape?

Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Orange, Courthézon, Bédarrides, Sorgues

2

The vineyards of the Southern Rhône are between the cities:

Montélimar to Avignon

3

When was the Papal Schism?

In 1309, the Southern Rhône suddenly became the center of Christian Europe as Pope Clement V moved his court from Rome to Avignon. His successor, Pope John XXII, began construction of the now-ruined summer papal palace—Châteauneuf-du-Pape—and planted the surrounding vineyards. The Roman Catholic Popes presided in Avignon until 1378, and Châteauneuf-du-Pape remained property of the papacy until 1791.

4

The Southern Rhône was the first quality region in France to be struck by phylloxera when it first appeared in 1863. True or False?

True

5

The first AOC in France was Châteauneuf-du-Pape in 1936. True or False?

True

6

What is the climate of the Southern Rhône?

Mediterranean

7

What is the most planted red grape in the Southern Rhône?

Grenache

8

What are the soils in the Southern Rhône?

alluvial soils over limestone subsoil, along with sand, gravel and clay.

9

Château Rayas is known to be 100% ___.

Grenache

10

Why do AOP regulations mandate that producers declassify or discard at least 2% of harvested grapes (le râpé)?

To safeguard against under-ripeness.

11

Who was the first estate-bottled Châteauneuf-du-Pape in 1785?

Château La Nerthe

12

What does the papal crest on the bottle mean?

It means the wine was estate bottled.

13

What are the permissible grapes of CdP?

Grenache (Noir/Blanc/Gris)
Mourvèdre
Syrah
Cinsault
Counoise
Picpoul (Noir/Blanc/Gris)
Terret Noir
Bourboulenc
Clairette/Clairette Rosé
Roussanne
Vaccarèse
Picardan
Muscardin

14

Gigondas AOP may produce what styles of wines?

Reds and rosés based on 50% Grenache, and may be blended with anything BUT Carignan.

15

Vacqueyras AOP may product what styles of wines?

Mostly red (min. 50% Grenache) with a few whites and rosés.

16

Beaumes-de-Venise AOP and Vinsobres AOP are based on what grape?

min. 50% Grenache

17

Lirac AOP may product what styles of wines?

red, white, and rosé - Grenache Noir and Blanc dominate.

18

Tavel AOP produces exclusively what?

Dry rosés based on Grenache

19

What are the 2 appellations for Vin Doux Naturel in the Southern Rhône?

Rasteau AOP (more tawny)
Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise AOP (more fresh)

both may be white, rosé or red

20

Which 3 communes are eligible for the Rasteau AOP?

Cairanne
Sablet
Rasteau

21

Rivesaltes may be ambré and tuilé - what does that mean?

Respectively, white and red VDN wines displaying a more oxidative character and subject to at least three years of aging prior to release.

22

Fresher versions of Rasteau VDN are labelled as ___ and ___.
When a Rasteau VDN is labelled Hors d'Age it means ___.

blanc and grenat

Hors d'age wines have matured for at least five years prior to release.

23

Rasteau AOP wines may also be rancio - what's that?

A deliberately oxidative and maderized style in which the wine is left in open barrels, exposed to the ravages of sunlight and temperature.

24

What is the Southern Rhône Valley's northernmost appellation?

Grignan-les-Adhémar AOP

- whites are min. 30% Viognier, plus Bourboulenc, Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Roussanne

- reds and rosés are min. 70% combined Grenache (20-70%) and Syrah (30-80%) with lots of the above white grapes allowed.

25

Name 5 other appellations in the Southern Rhône.

Luberon AOP
Ventoux AOP
Côtes du Vivarais AOP
Costières de Nimes AOP
Clairette de Bellegarde AOP (a single-commune appellation within Costières de Nimes producing white wines from the Clairette grape; the other 4 make white, red and rosé).

26

Which village may NOT add its name to the Côtes du Rhône-Villages AOP?

Brézème

27

What is a bonbonne in winemaking?

A large, basket-wrapped glass container.