Flashcards in Jura and Savoie Deck (31):
What's the soil in the Jura?
Jurassic limestone and marl, with a substantial amount of clay at the lowest sites.
What is the climate of the Jura?
The standard appellation in the Jura is Côtes du Jura AOP and it covers which styles?
Red, white and rosé
What are the 3 main red grapes in the Jura?
Poulsard (Ploussard), Trousseau, and Pinot Noir
What are the 3 main white grapes in the Jura?
Chardonnay (Gamay Blanc), Savagnin (aka Naturé and Traminer)
Can rosés in the Jura have all 5 grapes in the blend?
What's the difference between vin jaune and vin de paille?
Vin Jaune is dry and exclusively Savagnin
Vin de Paille is sweet and MAY NOT include Pinot Noir
What are the 3 communal appellations of the Jura? (Côtes du Jura covers the entire region)
Arbois AOP - most north
Château Chalon AOP - middle, only Vin Jaune
L’Etoile AOP 0 southernmost, whites only (CH, Savagnin)
Where does Louis Pasteur come from?
Only 1 village may append its name to Arbois:
Étoile is a red-wine only appellation. True or False?
False! It is white wine only and may contain Chardonnay, Poulsard, and Savagnin, and it is generally bottled late in an oxidative style.
Which commune specializes in Vin Jaune?
Château Chalon AOP
What are the regulations with Vin Jaune?
After fermentation, Savagnin—also called Naturé—is kept in barrel until December 15 of the 6th year following the harvest.
The wine is not topped off, it is not fortified. A voile, or veil, develops, resulting in aldehydic, nutty, almost curried flavors.
Must be bottled in a clavelin, a squat 62 cl bottle, and represent the classic vin jaune style. In poor vintages like 1980 or 1984, the Château Chalon wines may be declassified to the less-specific Côtes du Jura AOP.
The golden vin de paille, or straw wines, may be labeled as Arbois, L'Etoile or Côtes du Jura. True or False?
How do you make Vin de Paille?
Ripe but not botrytised CH, Savagnin or Poulsard grapes are left to dry for a minimum of six weeks after harvest. As the grapes shrivel and raisinate, they achieve a must weight >320 g/L. Every element of the structure is concentrated; thus, the final wine maintains acidity, giving balance to the high levels of residual sugar and ABV of at least 14%.
After fermentation, aged min 3 years before release, including an obligatory 18 months in neutral barrels.
Must be aged until Nov 15th of 3rd year following harvest. Earliest release is Dec 1st, the 3rd year after harvest.
What is Macvin du Jura AOP?
Marc is added to unfermented grape must, resulting in a sweet, unfermented but alcoholic grape juice.
Macvin du Jura may be red, white, or rosé, and must be aged for one year in oak after mutage.
What is the climate of Savoie?
What are the 2 lakes that help moderate Savoie's climate?
Lake Geneva and Lake Bourget
What are the 4 main white grapes found in Savoie? Which is the most common?
Jacquère (most common), Altesse, Roussanne, Chardonnay
What are the 3 man red grapes of Savoie?
Gamay, Mondeuse, Pinot Noir
Vin de Savoie AOP makes what color wines?
red, white, rosé
What's the grape in Chignin-Bergeron?
Marignan, Ripaille and Crépy must contain a minimum 80% of what grape?
Roussette de Savoie AOP must be 100% what grape?
What are the 4 communes that can append their name to Roussette de Savoie AOP?
Sparkling wines of Savoie:
Bugey-Cerdon (méthod ancestrale)
Vin de Savoie pétillant or mousseux
Seyssel AOP (Altesse, Molette and Chasselas)
Roussette de Bugey is also 100% what grape?
What 2 communes may add their name to Roussette de Bugey AOP?
Virieu le Grand
Vin de Paille can be labeled with which appellations?
Arbois, l'Étoile, or CdJura
Synonyms for Savagnin?
Traminer (a relative to Gewurztraminer)