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Flashcards in Spirits Deck (21):
1

If Bourbon is aged at least 2 years and made without any coloring or flavoring, it can be labeled as:

Straight Bourbon

2

Tennessee whiskey must be filtered with _____ prior to aging and manufactured in Tennessee.

Charcoal.

Jack Daniels, George Dickel

3

Tennessee whiskey is also a sour mash whiskey. What is that?

When a portion of spent mash is incorporated into a newly fermenting mash.

4

Scotch typically uses old sherry and bourbon casks for aging. True or false?

True!

The dominant flavor for Scotch comes from the process of malting barley, and whether or not they use peat.

5

Five legal categories of Scotch

Single Malt Scotch Whisky
Single Grain Scotch Whisky
Blended Malt Scotch Whisky
Blended Grain Scotch Whisky
Blended Scotch Whisky

6

From 2012 onward, all single malt whiskies must be bottled in Scotland. True or false?

True!

7

All Scotch whiskies must be distilled twice or more and aged for at least 3 years. True or false?

True!

Although single malts are usually aged at least 10 years

8

All Scotch whiskies must be at least 80 proof. True or false?

True!

9

Bourbon must be made from:

At least 51% corn
Must be aged in charred new oak

10

Irish whiskey is distilled how many times?

3 times in a pot still, aged minimum 3 years prior to release.

11

Six production regions in Scotland:

Highland - Oban, Glenmorangie, Dalwhinnie

Lowland - Glenkinchie, Auchentoshan

Speyside - Macallan, Glenfiddich, Glenlivet

Islay - Lagavulin, Laphroaig (most peaty)

Campbeltown - Springbank, Glen Scotia, Glengyle

The Islands - Talisker (Skye), Highland Park (Ornkey)

12

Only three Irish distilleries were active in the last 2000s:

Old Bushmills, Cooley, New Midleton (they make Jameson)

13

What are the 6 defined regions of Cognac in descending order of quality?

Grande Champagne - lots of chalk
Petite Champagne - lots of chalk
Borderies - mostly limestone, sand & clay
Fins Bois
Bons Bois
Bois Ordinaires (Bois à Terroirs)

14

What grapes go into Cognac?

Ugni Blanc (St. Émilion)
Folle Blanche
Colombard

15

How many times is Cognac distilled?

2 times in a copper Charentais pot still

16

What are brouillis and bonne chauffe?

Brouillis are the distillation batches in Cognac that are returned to the boiler to be distilled again.

Bonne Chouffe is the second distillation that is divided into the têtes, coeurs, secondes, and queues.

17

Cognac age designations:
VS
VSOP
XO

VS - or *** indicates at least 2 years in cask

VSOP - indicates at least 4 years in cask

XO - indicates at least 6 years in cask

18

Armagnac has 3 production regions:

Haut-Armagnac
Bas-Armagnac
Armagnac-Ténarèze

19

Grapes that go into Armagnac

Ugni Blanc
Colombard
Folle Blanche (Picpoul)
Baco Blanc (the only hybrid grape allowed in any French appellation)

Armagnac is often blended, unlike Cognac

20

Most Armagnac is distilled in a :

Copper continuous still, once

21

Armagnac age designations:

VS or ***
VSOP
XO or Hors d'Age

VS - 1-3 years in cask
VSOP - 4-9 years
XO or Hors d'Age - at least 10 years in cask

Any vintage dated Armagnac must be aged minimum 10 years before release

Larressingle, Francis Darroze