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jeremy harmon > Anthropology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anthropology Deck (30):
1

What types of marks would you find on blunt force

Wide with some cracks

2

What type of marks should you expect to find on sharp force trauma?

Puncture wounds, crazing fracture, or complete fractures

3

What type of marks should you expect to find on projectile trauma

radiating fractures from point of impact

4

What type of marks should you expect to find on strangulation trauma

Fracture hyoid

5

What are the ends of the long bones called (humerus)

Epiphyses

6

What is the name given to the shaft of the long bone?

Diaphysis

7

If the cranial structure is all fused is the person younger or older?

Older: MALE over 35
FEMALE over 50

8

If the cranial structure is open is the person younger or older?

YOUNGER VICTIM

9

What are the three races?

Mongoloid, Negroid, Caucasoid

10

What do the eye orbits look like of a caucasoid, Negroid, and Mongoloid?

Caucasoid: oval
Negroid: Square
Mongoloid: rounded

11

What does the nasal aperture look like of a caucasoid, Negroid, and Mongoloid?

Caucasoid: long, narrow
Negroid: Wide
Mongoloid: rounded

12

What does the palate shape look like of a caucasoid, Negroid, and Mongoloid?

Caucasoid: triangular
Negroid: Rectangular
Mongoloid: parabolic

13

What does the zygomatic arch look like of a caucasoid, Negroid, and Mongoloid?

Caucasoid: narrow
Negroid: pronounced
Mongoloid: wide and shallow

14

What does the mandible shape look like of a caucasoid, Negroid, and Mongoloid?

Caucasoid: narrow
Negroid: wide
Mongoloid: pointed

15

Which two bones can most easily be used to determine SEX of a human

Pelvis and skull

16

FOR PELVIS
What's the pubis body difference between the male and female?

Male: narrow
Female: wide

17

FOR PELVIS
What's the difference of the sub pubic angle between the male and female?

Male: less than 90 degree
Female: more than 90 deg

18

FOR PELVIS
What's the hip width difference between the male and female?

Male: Narrow
Female: Wide

19

FOR PELVIS
What's the pelvic cavity shape difference between the male and female?

Male: Heart Shaped
Female: circular

20

SKULL
What's the shape of eye orbit difference between the male and female?

Male: Square
Female: Round

21

SKULL
What's the mandible shape difference between the male and female?

Male: Square or U-shaped
Female: Round or V-Shaped

22

Suture

Areas where bones are connected

23

Nasal Aperture

Nose hole

24

Saggital Suture

Suture on top of the cranium

25

Zygomatic arch

Cheek bone

26

Subpubic angle

Angle at the bottom of the pelvis

27

Eye orbits

Eye sockets

28

Diaphysis

Shaft of long bone

29

What are 2 major differences between human and animal bones

Animal: linear ribs, 13-17 pairs of ribs
Human: curved C shape ribs, 12 pairs of ribs

30

What are the four types of trauma

Blunt force
Sharp force
Projectile
Strangulation

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