Drugs And Poisons Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Drugs And Poisons Deck (40):
1

Drug

A chemical substance that affects the process of the mind or body

2

Narcotic

An addictive drug like opium

3

Poison

A chemical that can harm the body if ingested

4

Toxicity

The degree to which a substance is poisonous

5

Toxin

A type of poison produced naturally by living things

6

Depressant

A chemical that slows the heart rate and brain activity

7

Tolerance

In response to prolonged, heavy intake of drugs and alcohol

Key word INTOXICATION

8

Controlled Substance

A drug or other chemical compound whose use is regulated through the legal system

9

True or false

Toxins are poisons manufactured in laboratories

False- poisons are naturally occurring

10

True or false

The major ways people are exposed to toxins are by ingesting them, inhaling them, injecting them or absorbing them through the skin

True

11

True or false

Today poisoning is a very common form of murder.

False- it used to be

12

True or false

There are 6 classes of drug controlled substances

False- only 5 classes narcotic, hallucinogen, stimulant, depressant, anabolic steroid

13

True or False

Accidental deaths from drug overdoses are more common than deaths from poisoning.

True

14

True or false

Anabolic steroids increase muscle mass and have no harmful side effects

False- they do have harmful side effects

15

True or false

Anthrax is a poison from bacteria

True

16

True or false

Organic molecules must contain carbon atoms

True

17

True or False

Alcohol, cocaine, and Heroin are hallucinogens

False- alcohol is a depressant
- cocaine is a stimulant
- heroin is a narcotic

18

What two things eliminate alcohol from the body through erection?

Urine and perspiration

19

In what organs is alcohol metabolized

Liver

20

What is the name of the depressant molecule found in alcoholic beverages?

Ethanol

21

What is the conversion factor value between blood alcohol level and breath alcohol level?

1
-
40

22

In order to find the blood alcohol content (BAC) you have to multiply or divide by 40?

You multiply by 40
Breathalyzer X 40 = BAC

23

How do hallucinogens affect the body?

Affects the users perceptions, thinking and self awareness

24

Are ketamine, arsenic, Mercury, ricin, pesticides, anthrax, snake venom and anthrax poisons or drugs?

POISONS

25

Are Oxycontin, marijuana, morphine, methamphetamines, Nicotine, Caffeine, and LSD poisons or drugs?

DRUGS

26

How are toxins and poisons different?

Toxins are a subgroup of poisons

27

How does immunoassay detect drugs in the body?

From testing antibodies for the drug in the body

28

Name 5 hallucinogens
E
L
P
M
K

Ecstasy, LSD, PCP, marijuana and ketamine

29

Name 4 depressants
A
B
V
R

Alcohol, barbiturates, Valium, roofies

30

Name 4 Narcotics
H
O
C
M

Heroin
OxyCotin
Codeine
Morphine

31

How do narcotics affect the body?

Reduces the pain by suppressing the central nervous systems ability to relay pain messages to the brain

32

What is the purpose of performing chromatography or spectroscopy?

To identify the molecules in the substance

33

What are the two forms of spectroscopy?

Infrared (IR) and Mass Spectroscopy (MS)

34

What lines do Mass Spectroscopy (MS) have?

Straight lines

35

What lines do infrared spectrography have? (IR)

Spiky lines

36

What is the name of alcohol that humans can consume?

Ethanol

37

How do anabolic steroids affect the body?

Men = femininity
Female = Masculinity

38

What tests can you run to detect alcohol in the human body?
Name 3

Urine
Field sobriety
Blood test

39

How do stimulants affect the body?

They increase feelings of energy and alertness

40

In order to find the breathalyzer reading you have to multiply or divide by 40?

You divide by 40

BAC/ 40 = Breathalyzer

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