Chap 43 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chap 43 Deck (28):
1

长衫

长衫〔長-〕
chángshān
unlined long gown (worn by men)

2

惟一

惟一
wéiyī
only; sole

惟一可行的办法
Wéiyī kěxíng de bànfǎ
the only feasible way

惟一合法的政府
wéiyī héfǎ de zhèngfǔ
the sole legitimate government

惟一出路
wéiyī chūlù
the only way out

惟一继承人
wéiyī jìchéngrén
the sole heir

VARIANTS
唯一 wéiyī

3

当时

当时〔當時〕
dāngshí
ADVERBthen; at that time

当时我并不知道。
Dāngshí wǒ bìng bù zhīdao.
I didn't know then.
See dàngshí

4

读书人

读书人〔讀書-〕
dúshūrén
OLDa scholar; an intellectual

5

做工

做工
zuògōng
1 do manual work; work

她在纺织厂做工。
Tā zài fǎngzhīchǎng zuògōng.
She works in a textile mill.
2 charge for the making of sth.

这套衣服做工十块钱。
Zhè tào yīfu zuògōng shí kuài qián.
The charge for the tailoring of this suit was ten yuan.
3 workmanship

做工精美
Zuògōng jīngměi
of excellent workmanship

6

穷人

穷人〔窮-〕
qióngrén
poor people; the poor

7

摆架子

摆架子〔擺--〕
bǎi jiàzi
put on airs; give oneself airs

摆出一副大官的架子
Bǎi chū yī fù dà guān de jiàzi
affect the pose of a high official

8

架子

架子
jiàzi
1 frame; stand; rack; shelf

脸盆架子
liǎnpénjiàzi
washstand
2 framework; skeleton; outline

写文章要先搭好架子。
Xiě wénzhāng yào xiān dā hǎo jiàzi.
Make an outline before you start writing.

把新机构的架子搭起来
Bǎ xīn jīgòu de jiàzi dā qǐlai
set up the framework of the new organization
3 airs; haughty manner

没有架子
méiyǒu jiàzi
be modest and unassuming; be easy of approach

放下架子
fàngxià jiàzi
get down from one's high horse
4 posture; stance

他拉开架子, 打起了太极拳。
Tā lākai jiàzi, dǎ qǐ le tàijíquán.
He adopted a stance and began to do Taiji shadowboxing.
See also 摆架子 bǎi jiàzi 拿架子 ná jiàzi

9

理解

理解
lǐjiě
understand; comprehend

你的意思我完全理解。
Nǐ de yìsi wǒ wánquán lǐjiě.
I understand you completely. or I see perfectly well what you mean.

加深理解
Jiāshēn lǐjiě
deepen one's comprehension; acquire a better understanding

不可理解
bùkě lǐjiě
incomprehensible; beyond one's comprehensionx R

10

讽刺

讽刺〔諷-〕
fěngcì
1 satirize

这是一部讽刺封建文人的作品。
Zhè shì yī bù fěngcì fēngjiàn wénrén de zuòpǐn.
This is a satire on feudal scholars.
2 ridicule; taunt; mock

别讽刺他了。
Bié fěngcì tā le.
Don't ridicule him.

我受不了这种讽刺。
Wǒ shòubùliǎo zhèzhǒng fěngcì.
I can't stand such taunts (or sarcasm).

11

揭露

揭露
jiēlù
expose; unmask; ferret out

揭露阴谋
jiēlù yīnmóu
expose the plot

揭露其真面目
jiēlù qí zhēn miànmù
expose sb.'s true colours; show sb. up for what he is

揭露钻进党内的野心家、阴谋家
jiēlù zuānjìn dǎngnèi de yěxīnjiā, yīnmóujiā
unmask the careerists and conspirators who have sneaked into the Party

揭露暗藏的敌特分子
jiēlù àncáng de dítè fènzǐ
ferret out hidden enemy agents

揭露矛盾, 分析矛盾, 正确处理矛盾
jiēlù máodùn, fēnxi máodùn, zhèngquè chǔlǐ máodùn
expose contradictions, analyse them and handle them correctly

12

解释

解释〔-釋〕
jiěshì
explain; expound; interpret

解释一个新词
jiěshì yī ge xīncí
explain a new word

解释法律
jiěshì fǎlǜ
interpret laws

河水的流动可以用重力原理来解释。
Héshuǐ de liúdòng kěyǐ yòng zhònglì yuánlǐ lái jiěshì.
The flow of water in a river is explained by the principle of gravity.

对这件事你作何解释?
Duì zhè jiàn shì nǐ zuò hé jiěshì?
How do you account for this?

这些事实不能有别的解释。
Zhèxiē shìshí bù néng yǒu bié de jiěshì.
The facts admit of no other explanation.

这是误会, 解释一下就行了。
Zhè shì wùhuì, jiěshì yīxià jiù xíng le.
This is a misunderstanding. A little explanation will clear it up.

你应该虚心听取同志们的批评, 不要老是解释。
Nǐ yīnggāi xūxīn tīngqǔ tóngzhì men de pīpíng, bùyào lǎoshi jiěshì.
You should listen carefully to the criticism of the comrades and not keep trying to explain things away.

对本协定在解释上遇有分歧, 应以中文本为准。
Duì běn xiédìng zài jiěshì shàng yù yǒu fēnqí, yīng yǐ zhōng wénběn wéi zhǔn.
In case there is any divergence of interpretation of this agreement, the Chinese text shall prevail.

13

个子

个子〔個-〕
gèzi
height; stature; build

高个子
gāogèzi
a tall person

小个子
xiǎogèzi
a small fellow; a short person

14



1 broken; damaged; torn; worn-out

破碗
Pò wǎn
a broken bowl

破衣服
pò yīfu
worn-out (or ragged, tattered) clothes

破房子
pò fángzi
a dilapidated (or tumbledown) house

我的手破了。
Wǒ de shǒu pò le.
I've cut my hand.
2 break; split; cleave; cut

一破两半
Yī pò liǎng bàn
break (or split) into two

破开西瓜
pò kāi xīguā
cut up the watermelon

把十元的票子破开
bǎ shí yuán de piàozi pò kāi
break a ten-yuan note
3 get rid of; destroy; break with

大破天命观
dà pò tiānmìng guān
eradicate the concept of the mandate of heaven

破旧俗, 立新风
pò jiùsú, lì xīnfēng
break with outmoded customs and establish new ones

破记录
pò jìlù
break a record
4 defeat; capture (a city, etc.)

大破敌军
dà pò díjūn
inflict a crushing defeat on the enemy

城破之日
chéng pò zhī rì
the day the city fell
5 expose the truth of; lay bare ▶ 看破 kànpò
6 paltry; lousy

这支破笔真气人!
Zhè zhī pò bǐ zhēn qìrén!
This lousy pen really drives me mad!

这点破事两分钟就办完了。
Zhè diǎnpò shì liǎng fēnzhōng jiù bàn wán le.
To settle a simple matter like this won't take more than two minutes.

15

柜台

柜台〔櫃檯〕
guìtái
counter; bar
See also 站柜台 zhàn guìtái

16

伙计

伙计〔-計〕
huǒji
1 partner
2
INFORMALfellow; mate

他是我的老伙计。
Tā shì wǒ de lǎo huǒji.
He's an old pal of mine.

伙计, 上哪儿去?
Huǒji, shàng nǎr qù?
Where are you going, mate?
3
OLDsalesman; salesclerk; shop assistant; farm labourer

17

写法

写法〔寫-〕
xiěfǎ
1 style of writing; literary style

文体不同, 写法也不同。
Wéntǐ bùtóng, xiěfǎ yě bùtóng.
Different types of writing call for different styles of writing.
2 style of handwriting; penmanship

18

日记

日记〔-記〕
rìjì
diary

记日记
Jì rìjì
keep a diary

工作日记
gōngzuò rìjì
work diary; daily account of one's work

19

话剧

话剧〔話劇〕
huàjù
modern drama; stage play

20

电视剧

电视剧〔電視劇〕
diànshìjù
TV drama; TV play

21

作家

作家
zuòjiā
writer; author

巴金是中国的著名作家。
Bā Jīn shì Zhōngguó de zhùmíng zuòjiā.
Ba Jin is a famous Chinese writer.

多产作家
duōchǎn zuòjiā
a prolific writer (or author)

22

资料

资料〔資-〕
zīliào
1 means ▶ 生产资料 shēngchǎn zīliào
2 data; material

参考资料
cānkǎo zīliào
reference material

搜集资料
sōují zīliào
gather material; collect data

资料处理
zīliào chǔlǐ
data processing

资料室
zīliàoshì
reference room

23

遗憾

遗憾〔遺-〕
yíhàn
regret; pity

对此表示遗憾
duì cǐ biǎoshì yíhàn
express regret over the matter

一点不感到遗憾
yīdiǎn bù gǎndào yíhàn
have no regrets

十分遗憾地指出
shífēn yíhàn de zhǐchū
point out with great (or deep) regret

非常遗憾, 我不能接受你的邀请。
Fēicháng yíhàn, wǒ bùnéng jiēshòu nǐ de yāoqǐng.
I am very sorry I will not be able to accept your invitation.

今晚的音乐会你不能来, 实在遗憾。
Jīnwǎn de yīnyuèhuì nǐ bù néng lái, shízài yíhàn.
It's really a pity that you can't come to the concert this evening.

24

组织

组织〔組織〕
zǔzhī
1 organize; form

组织劳力
zǔzhī láolì
organize a labour force; organize labour power

组织一个登山队
zǔzhī yī ge dēngshānduì
form a mountaineering team

组织一次座谈
zǔzhī yī cì zuòtán
organize a discussion

组织一次演出
zǔzhī yī cì yǎnchū
get up a performance

把他们的积极性组织到建设祖国的伟大事业中去
bǎ tāmen de jījíxìng zǔzhī dào jiànshè zǔguó de wěidà shìyè zhōng qù
enlist their initiative in the great cause of reconstructing the nation

这篇文章组织得很好。
Zhè piān wénzhāng zǔzhī de hěn hǎo.
This article is well-organized.
2 organization; organized system

党团组织
Dǎng tuánzǔzhī
Party and Youth League organizations

群众组织
qúnzhòng zǔzhī
mass organizations

给予组织处分
jǐyǔ zǔzhī chǔfèn
take disciplinary measures against a member of an organization

组织条例
zǔzhī tiáolì
organic rules

组织委员
zǔzhī wěiyuán
committee member in charge of organizational work

组织委员会
zǔzhī wěiyuánhuì
organizing committee

党的组织原则是民主集中制。
Dǎng de zǔzhī yuánzé shì mínzhǔjízhōngzhì.
The organizational principle of the Party is democratic centralism.
3
TEXTILEweave

平纹组织
Píngwén zǔzhī
plain weave

斜纹组织
xiéwén zǔzhī
twill weave

缎纹组织
duàn wén zǔzhī
satin weave
4
PHYSIOLOGYtissue

神经组织
shénjīng zǔzhī
nerve (or nervous) tissue

25

仍然

仍然
réngrán
ADVERBstill; yet

补一补, 这件衣服仍然可以穿。
Bǔ yī bǔ, zhè jiàn yīfu réngrán kěyǐ chuān.
You can still wear the clothes if you have them mended.

等了半天, 她仍然没有到。
Děng le bàntiān, tā réngrán méiyǒu dào.
We've been waiting a long time for her, but she still hasn't arrived.

至今我们仍然没有得到回音。
Zhìjīn wǒmen réngrán méiyǒu dédào huíyīn.
As yet, we have received no answer.

他把信看完, 仍然装在信封里。
Tā bǎ xìn kàn wán, réngrán zhuāng zài xìnfēng lǐ.
He put the letter back into the envelope after he'd read it.

26

讲解员

讲解员〔講-員〕
jiǎngjiěyuán
guide; announcer; narrator; commentator

27

讲解

讲解〔講-〕
jiǎngjiě
explain

他指着示意图给来宾讲解远景规划。
Tā zhǐ zhe shìyìtú gěi láibīn jiǎngjiě yuǎnjǐng guīhuà.
Pointing at a sketch map, he explained the long-term plan to the visitors.

28

模型

模型
móxíng
1 model

宇宙飞船模型
yǔzhòu fēichuán móxíng
a spaceship model

原尺寸模型
yuán chǐcun móxíng
mock-up
2 mould; matrix; pattern

模型板
móxíng bǎn
mould plate