Prac 49 Flashcards Preview

Chinese > Prac 49 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Prac 49 Deck (26):
1

胃病

胃病
wèibìng
stomach trouble; gastric disease; gastropathy

2

手腕子

手腕子
shǒuwànzi
wrist

3

号脉

号脉〔號脈〕
hàomài
CHINESE MEDICINEfeel the pulse

4

听诊器

听诊器〔聽診-〕
tīngzhěnqì
stethoscope

5

信息

信息
xìnxī
1 information; news; message

信息传递
xìnxī chuándì
information transmission

信息中心
xìnxī zhōngxīn
information centre
2
MATHEMATICSinformation

6

气色

气色〔氣-〕
qìsè
complexion; colour

气色很好
qìsè hěn hǎo
have a rosy complexion; have a good colour

她气色不好, 脸上没什么血色。
Tā qìsè bù hǎo, liǎnshàng méi shénme xuèsè.
She's very pale; there isn't much colour in her face.

他休养了一段时间, 气色好多了。
Tā xiūyǎng le yī duàn shíjiān, qìsè hǎoduō le.
After taking time off to recuperate, he looks much healthier.

7

理论

理论〔-論〕
lǐlùn
1 theory; principle

学习马列主义理论
Xuéxí Mǎ-Lièzhǔyì lǐlùn
study Marxist-Leninist theory

别空谈理论。
Bié kōngtán lǐlùn.
Don't just talk about abstract principles.

你的意见理论上我同意, 但实际上恐怕行不通。
Nǐ de yìjian lǐlùn shàng wǒ tóngyì, dàn shíjìshang kǒngpà xíngbutōng.
In theory, I agree with you, but I feel that your ideas would not work in practice.

理论和实践相结合
Lǐlùn hé shíjiàn xiāng jiéhé
the integration of theory and practice

理论联系实际
lǐlùn liánxì shíjì
unite theory with practice

理论脱离实际
lǐlùn tuōlí shíjì
theory divorced from practice

理论根据
lǐlùn gēnjù
theoretical foundation

理论水平
lǐlùn shuǐpíng
theoretical level

《词典学的理论与实际》
《Cídiǎnxué De Lǐlùn Yǔ Shíjì》
Lexicography: Principles and Practice
2
OLDargue; debate

我得跟他理论。
Wǒ děi gēn tā lǐlùn.
I have to argue this out with him.

8

医学

医学〔醫學〕
yīxué
medical science; medicine

医学文献
yīxué wénxiàn
medical literature

医学遗产
yīxué yíchǎn
medical heritage

9

重视

重视〔-視〕
zhòngshì
attach importance to; pay attention to; think highly of; take sth. seriously; value

重视对妇女干部的培养
zhòngshì duì fùnǚ gànbù de péiyǎng
devote much attention to the training of women cadres

重视发展农业
zhòngshì fāzhǎn nóngyè
attach great importance to agriculture

重视这件事
zhòngshì zhè jiàn shì
take the matter seriously

重视群众的意见
zhòngshì qúnzhòng de yìjian
set great store by the opinions of the masses

重视基础理论的研究工作
zhòngshì jīchǔ lǐlùn de yánjiū gōngzuò
pay great attention to basic theoretical research

10

结合

结合〔結-〕
jiéhé
1 combine; unite; integrate; link

把革命精神和科学态度结合起来
Bǎ gémìng jīngshén hé kēxué tàidu jiéhé qǐlai
combine revolutionary spirit with a scientific approach

理论与实践相结合
lǐlùn yǔ shíjiàn xiāng jiéhé
combine theory with practice

结合具体情况进行处理
jiéhé jùtǐ qíngkuàng jìnxíng chǔlǐ
deal with sth. in the light of specific conditions
2 be united in wedlock

11

化验

化验〔-驗〕
huàyàn
chemical examination; laboratory test

化验单
huàyàndān
laboratory test report

化验室
huàyànshì
laboratory

化验员
huàyànyuán
laboratory technician (or assistant)

12

机器

机器〔機-〕
jīqì
machine; machinery; apparatus

安装新机器
Ānzhuāng xīn jīqì
install new machinery

机器造型
jīqì zàoxíng
machine moulding

机器制造
jīqì zhìzào
machine building

13

器官

器官
qìguān
organ; apparatus

消化器官
xiāohuà qìguān
digestive organs

呼吸器官
hūxī qìguān
respiratory apparatus

14

零件

零件
língjiàn
1 part (of a machine)

这个马达少了一个零件。
Zhège mǎdá shǎo le yī ge língjiàn.
This motor has a part missing.
2 spare parts; spares

15

修理

修理
xiūlǐ
1 repair; mend; overhaul; fix

修理机器
xiūlǐ jīqì
repair (or fix) a machine

正在修理
zhèng zài xiūlǐ
be under repair

当场修理, 立等可取。
Dāngchǎng xiūlǐ, lìděngkěqǔ.
Repairs done while you wait.
2 prune; trim

16

整体

整体〔-體〕
zhěngtǐ
whole; entirety

从整体上看形势
Cóng zhěngtǐ shàng kàn xíngshì
view the situation as a whole

整体的一个组成部分
zhěngtǐ de yī ge zǔchéng bùfen
an integral part of the whole

为了整体的利益牺牲局部的利益
wèile zhěngtǐ de lìyì xīshēng júbù de lìyì
give up individual or local interests for the sake of the whole

以党和人民的整体利益为出发点
yǐ dǎng hé rénmín de zhěngtǐ lìyì wéi chūfādiǎn
starting out from the overall interests of the Party and the people

整体方案
zhěngtǐ fāng'àn
an overall plan

17


mǒu
1 certain; some

某日
mǒurì
at a certain date

张某
zhāng mǒu
a certain person called Zhang

解放军某部
jiěfàngjūn mǒu bù
a certain unit of the PLA

在四川某地
zài Sìchuān mǒu de
somewhere in Sichuan Province

某些农产品
mǒuxiē nóngchǎnpǐn
certain agricultural products

在某种程度上
zài mǒuzhǒng chéngdu shàng
to some (or a certain) extent

在某种意义上
zài mǒuzhǒng yìyì shàng
in a sense

他老说某某某是他的朋友。
Tā lǎo shuō mǒumǒu mǒu shì tā de péngyou.
He's always saying that so-and-so is a friend of his.
2 (referring to oneself)

我李某不是干这种事的人。
Wǒ lǐ mǒu bù shì gàn zhèzhǒng shì de rén.
Yours truly is not the sort of person to do a thing like that.

18


gān
liver

19

treat (a disease); cure

他的病不久就治好了。
Tā de bìng bùjiǔ jiù zhì hǎo le.
He was soon cured of his illness.

治好战争创伤
Zhì hǎo zhànzhēng chuāngshāng
heal the wounds of war

20


kěn
1 agree; consent

我劝说了半天, 他才肯了。
Wǒ quàn shuō le bàntiān, tā cái kěn le.
He did not agree until I had talked to him for a long time.
2 be willing to; be ready to

肯干
kěngàn
be willing to do hard work

肯虚心接受意见
kěn xūxīn jiēshòu yìjian
be ready to listen to criticism with an open mind

青年人最肯学习。
Qīngniánrén zuì kěn xuéxí.
Young people are most eager to learn.

只要你肯下功夫, 总可以学会的。
Zhǐyào nǐ kěn xià gōngfu, zǒng kěyǐ xuéhuì de.
As long as you are willing to work hard, you will learn how to do it.

他肯不肯来?——肯。
Tā kěn bù kěn lái? —— kěn.
Is he willing to come? - Yes.

你肯安静一会儿吗?
Nǐ kěn ānjìng yīhuìr ma?
Can't you be quiet for a moment?

他对工作向来不肯马虎。
Tā duì gōngzuò xiàng lái bù kěn mǎhu.
He's always meticulous with his work.
3
DIALECToften or tending to

这几天肯下雨。
Zhè jǐ tiān kěn xià yǔ.
It's been raining these past few days.

21

正好

正好
zhènghǎo
1 just in time; just right; just enough

你来得正好。
Nǐ lái de zhèng hǎo.
You've come just in time.

这双鞋我穿正好。
Zhè shuāng xié wǒ chuān zhènghǎo.
This pair of shoes fits me nicely.

这笔钱正好买台抽水机。
Zhè bǐ qián zhènghǎo mǎi tái chōushuǐjī.
This is just enough money for a pump.

天气不冷不热, 正好出去玩玩。
Tiānqì bùlěngbùrè, zhènghǎo chūqu wán wán.
It's neither too hot nor too cold - just the right weather for an outing.

这正好证明我们的作法是对的。
Zhè zhènghǎo zhèngmíng wǒmen de zuòfǎ shì duì de.
That only goes to prove that our approach is correct.
2 happen to; chance to; as it happens

小王正好从那儿路过。
Xiǎo wáng zhènghǎo cóng nàr lùguò.
Xiao Wang happened (or chanced) to be passing by.

我身边正好有五块钱。
Wǒ shēnbiān zhènghǎo yǒu wǔ kuài qián.
As it happens, I have five yuan with me.

22

舌头

舌头〔-頭〕
shétou
1 tongue
2 an enemy soldier captured for the purpose of extracting information

侦察兵抓了个舌头。
Zhēnchábīng zhuā le ge shétou.
The scouts took a prisoner to get information.
See also 吐舌头 tǔ shétou

23

开药

开药〔開藥〕
kāiyào
to prescribe medicine

24

药方

药方〔藥-〕
yàofāng
prescription

开药方
Kāi yàofāng
write out a prescription

25

要紧

要紧〔-緊〕
yàojǐn
1 important; essential

随便做什么工作, 最要紧的是实事求是。
Suíbiàn zuò shénme gōngzuò, zuì yàojǐn de shì shíshìqiúshì.
In whatever we do, the most important thing is to be realistic and down-to-earth.

我有点要紧的事儿跟他商量。
Wǒ yǒu diǎn yàojǐn de shìr gēn tā shāngliang.
I have something urgent to discuss with him.
2 be critical; be serious; matter

没什么要紧的, 你明天去也可以。
Méi shénme yàojǐn de, nǐ míngtiān qù yě kěyǐ.
You can go tomorrow. It doesn't matter.

他只受了点儿轻伤, 没什么要紧的。
Tā zhǐ shòu le diǎnr qīngshāng, méi shénme yàojǐn de.
He was only slightly injured-nothing serious.
3
DIALECTbe in a hurry to; be anxious to

要紧去上班
Yào jǐn qù shàngbān
be in a hurry to go to work

26

紧张

紧张〔緊張〕
jǐnzhāng
1 nervous; keyed up

神情紧张
Shénqíng jǐnzhāng
look nervous

慢慢讲, 别紧张。
Mànmàn jiǎng, bié jǐnzhāng.
Speak slowly and don't be nervous.

试验到了关键时刻, 大家都紧张起来。
Shìyàn dào le guānjiàn shíkè, dàjiā dōu jǐnzhāng qǐlai.
Everybody was keyed up as the experiment reached a crucial point.
2 tense; intense; strained

紧张局势
jǐnzhāng júshì
a tense situation

紧张气氛
jǐnzhāng qìfēn
a tense atmosphere

紧张的战斗
jǐnzhāng de zhàndòu
intense fighting

两国关系紧张。
Liǎng guó guānxi jǐnzhāng.
Relations between the two countries are strained.

紧张而有秩序的工作
Jǐnzhāng ér yǒu zhìxù de gōngzuò
intense but orderly work

团结紧张的集体生活
tuánjié jǐnzhāng de jítǐ shēnghuó
a collective life marked by solidarity and activity

这场比赛真紧张!
Zhè chǎng bǐsài zhēn jǐnzhāng!
What an exciting game!

工程正在紧张地进行。
Gōngchéng zhèngzài jǐnzhāng de jìnxíng.
Construction was in full swing.

日程安排得太紧张。
Rìchéng ānpái de tài jǐnzhāng.
It's rather a tight schedule.

缓和交通运输的紧张状况
Huǎnhé jiāotōng yùnshū de jǐnzhāng zhuàngkuàng
relieve the pressure on transport
3 in short supply; tight

这几天鸡蛋供应有点紧张。
Zhè jǐ tiān jīdàn gōngyìng yǒudiǎn jǐnzhāng.
Eggs have been in rather short supply for the last few days. or There's been rather a shortage of eggs lately.

这里只有一口井, 用水比较紧张。
Zhèlǐ zhǐ yǒu yī kǒu jǐng, yòng shuǐ bǐjiào jǐnzhāng.
There's only one well here and water is in great demand.

目前这里住房相当紧张。
Mùqián zhèlǐ zhùfáng xiāngdāng jǐnzhāng.
Accommodation here is pretty tight at present.