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Flashcards in Slow Chinese 1 Deck (19):
1

传统

传统〔傳統〕
chuántǒng
tradition

发扬优良传统
Fāyáng yōuliáng chuántǒng
carry on a fine tradition

革命传统
gémìng chuántǒng
revolutionary tradition

传统友谊
chuántǒng yǒuyì
traditional (ties of) friendship

传统观念
chuántǒng guānniàn
traditional ideas

传统剧目
chuántǒng jùmù
traditional theatrical pieces

2

起源

起源
qǐyuán
1 originate; stem from

一切知识均起源于劳动。
Yīqiè zhīshi jūn qǐyuán yú láodòng.
All knowledge originates from labour.

越剧起源于浙江绍兴。
Yuèjù qǐyuán yú Zhèjiāng shào xīng.
Shaoxing opera originated in the town of Shaoxing in Zhejiang Province.
2 origin

生命的起源
Shēngmìng de qǐyuán
the origin of life

3

其中

其中
qízhōng
among them; of them; in it

乐在其中
lèzàiqízhōng
find pleasure in it

我们车间有五百人, 其中妇女占百分之六十。
Wǒmen chējiān yǒu wǔbǎi rén, qízhōng fùnǚ zhàn bǎifēn zhī liùshí.
There are five hundred workers in our shop, and 60 per cent of them are women.

这篇论文我已经看过, 其中提出的问题值得重视。
Zhè piān lùnwén wǒ yǐjing kàn guò, qízhōng tíchū de wèntí zhíde zhòngshì.
I have read that paper. The questions it raises deserve serious attention.

饭疏食, 饮水, 曲肱而枕之, 乐亦在其中矣。(《论语》)
Fàn shū shí, yǐnshuǐ, qū gōng ér zhěn zhī, lè yì zài qízhōng yǐ. (《Lúnyǔ》)
In the eating of coarse rice and the drinking of water, the using of one's elbow for a pillow, joy is to be found.

4

影响力

影响力〔-響-〕
yǐngxiǎnglì
1 influence
2 impact

5

灭亡

灭亡〔滅-〕
mièwáng
be destroyed; become extinct; die out

逃脱不了灭亡的命运
táotuō bùliǎo mièwáng de mìngyùn
be doomed to destruction

汉朝的灭亡使中国陷入了分裂的局面。
Hàncháo de mièwáng shǐ Zhōngguó xiànrù le fēnliè de júmiàn.
The downfall of the Han Dynasty brought China national disunity.

6

老百姓

老百姓
lǎobǎixìng
INFORMALcommon people; ordinary people; civilians

这些活报剧老百姓很欢迎。
Zhèxiē huóbàojù lǎobǎixìng hěn huānyíng.
These skits are popular with the man in the street.

既当官又当老百姓
Jì dāngguān yòu dāng lǎobǎixìng
remain one of the common people while serving as an official

7

防止

防止
fángzhǐ
prevent; guard against; forestall; avoid

防止煤气中毒
fángzhǐ méiqì zhòngdú
guard against gas poisoning

防止浪费人力
fángzhǐ làngfèi rénlì
avoid waste of manpower

防止骄傲自满
fángzhǐ jiāo'àozìmǎn
guard against conceit and complacency

防止交通事故
fángzhǐ jiāotōng shìgù
try to forestall traffic accidents

8

破坏

破坏〔-壞〕
pòhuài
1 destroy; wreck

破坏桥梁
pòhuài qiáoliáng
destroy a bridge

战争破坏了很多城市。
Zhànzhēng pòhuài le hěn duō chéngshì.
The war wrecked many towns and cities.
2 do great damage to; disrupt; sabotage

破坏生产
Pòhuài shēngchǎn
sabotage production

破坏团结
pòhuài tuánjié
disrupt unity; undermine unity

破坏边界现状
pòhuài biānjiè xiànzhuàng
disrupt the status quo along the boundary line

破坏名誉
pòhuài míngyù
damage sb.'s reputation

破坏社会秩序
pòhuài shèhuì zhìxù
undermine social order

破坏人权
pòhuài rénquán
violate human rights

破坏和平
pòhuài hépíng
breach of the peace

警惕敌人的破坏活动。
Jǐngtì dírén de pòhuài huódòng.
Guard against enemy sabotage.
3 change (a social system, custom, etc.) completely or violently

破坏旧世界, 建设新世界。
Pòhuài jiù shìjiè, jiànshè xīn shìjiè.
Destroy the old world and build a new one.
4 violate (an agreement, regulation, etc.); break

破坏停战协定
Pòhuài tíngzhàn xiédìng
violate an armistice agreement
5 decompose; destroy (the composition of a substance)

维生素C受热过度就会被破坏。
Wéishēngsù C shòurè guòdù jiù huì bèi pò huài.
Vitamin C is destroyed when overheated.

9

尸体

尸体〔屍體〕
shītǐ
corpse; carcass

10


huá
paddle; row

划船
huáchuán
paddle (or row) a boat
be to one's profit; pay ▶ 划得来 huádelái
See huà huai

11

于是

于是〔於-〕
yúshì
CONJUNCTIONso; then; thereupon; hence

VARIANTS
于是乎〔於是乎〕 yúshìhū

12

产生

产生〔產-〕
chǎnshēng
(used with immaterial things) give rise to; bring about; evolve; emerge; come into being

产生好的结果
chǎnshēng hǎo de jiéguǒ
produce good results

产生很大的影响
chǎnshēng hěn dà de yǐngxiǎng
exert a great influence

最近我对围棋产生了很大的兴趣。
Zuìjìn wǒ duì wéiqí chǎnshēng le hěn dà de xìngqù.
I've become very interested in go recently.

实践使我们的认识产生了新的飞跃。
Shíjiàn shǐ wǒmen de rènshi chǎnshēng le xīn de fēiyuè.
Practice (or Practical experience) brings about a new leap in our knowledge.

在中国几千年的历史中, 产生了极其丰富灿烂的文化。
Zài Zhōngguó jǐqiān nián de lìshǐ zhōng, chǎnshēng le jíqí fēngfù cànlàn de wénhuà.
China has evolved a very rich, splendid culture in her long history of several thousand years.

正确的路线是在实践中产生和发展起来的。
Zhèngquè de lùxiàn shì zài shíjiàn zhōng chǎnshēng hé fāzhǎn qǐlai de.
A correct line emerges and develops only in the course of practice.

旧的问题解决了, 新的问题又产生了。
Jiù de wèntí jiějué le, xīn de wèntí yòu chǎnshēng le.
New problems will crop up when old ones get solved.

当初我们根本没有料到会产生这样多的矛盾。
Dāngchū wǒmen gēnběn méiyǒu liàodào huì chǎnshēng zhèyàng duō de máodùn.
We never expected that so many problems would arise.

13

其实

其实〔-實〕
qíshí
ADVERBactually; in fact; as a matter of fact

其实情况不是那样。
Qíshí qíngkuàng bù shì nàyàng.
Actually, that is not the case.

这台机器看起来复杂, 其实不难掌握。
Zhè tái jīqì kàn qǐlai fùzá, qíshí bù nán zhǎngwò.
This machine looks complicated, but it's really not difficult to operate.

你们只知道她会说英语, 其实她的日语也挺好。
Nǐmen zhǐ zhīdao tā huì shuō Yīngyǔ, qíshí tā de Rìyǔ yě tǐng hǎo.
You only know that she can speak English. As a matter of fact, her Japanese is pretty good too.

还要讨论?其实没有这个必要。
Hái yào tǎolùn? Qíshí méiyǒu zhège bìyào.
Why have another discussion? I don't think there's any need for it.

何必大家掏钱?其实让我做东得了。
Hébì dàjiā tāoqián? Qíshí ràng wǒ zuòdōng déliǎo.
Why go Dutch? Let me play the host.

14

存在

存在
cúnzài
exist; be

那个问题已经不存在了。
Nà ge wèntí yǐjing bù cúnzài le.
That problem no longer exists.

人们的社会存在决定人们的思想。
Rénmen de shèhuì cúnzài juédìng rénmen de sīxiǎng.
It is man's social being that determines his thinking.

矛盾存在于一切事物发展的过程中。
Máodùn cúnzài yú yīqiè shìwù fāzhǎn de guòchéng zhōng.
Contradiction is present in the process of development of all things.

15

广泛

广泛〔廣-〕
guǎngfàn
broad; extensive; wide-ranging; widespread

广泛的兴趣
guǎngfàn de xìngqù
wide interests

广泛而深入的影响
guǎngfàn ér shēnrù de yǐngxiǎng
a widespread and profound influence

广泛的统一战线
guǎngfàn de tǒngyī zhànxiàn
a broad united front

广泛征求意见
guǎngfàn zhēngqiú yìjian
solicit opinions from all sides

广泛宣传计划生育的好处
guǎngfàn xuānchuán jìhuà shēngyù de hǎochu
give wide publicity to the advantages of family planning

双方会谈的内容十分广泛。
Shuāngfāng huìtán de nèiróng shífēn guǎngfàn.
The two sides discussed a wide range of subjects.

16

庆祝

庆祝〔慶-〕
qìngzhù
celebrate

庆祝国庆
qìngzhù Guóqìng
celebrate National Day

17

煮熟

煮熟
zhǔshóu
boil

18

则〔則〕


1 standard; norm; criterion ▶ 准则 zhǔnzé
2 rule; regulation ▶ 法则 fǎzé, 细则 xìzé
3
FORMALimitate; follow

则先烈之言行
zé xiānliè zhī yán-xíng
follow the example of the martyrs in word and deed
4
MEASURE WORD(for news, writing, etc.) piece; item

新闻一则
xīnwén yī zé
an item of news

寓言四则
yùyán sìzé
four fables

FORMAL
1
CONJUNCTIONa (used to indicate cause, condition, etc.)

物体热则胀, 冷则缩。
Wùtǐ rè zé zhàng, lěng zé suō.
Objects expand when heated and contract when cooled.

不战则已, 战则必胜。
Bù zhàn zé yǐ, zhàn zé bìshèng.
Fight no battle unless victory is sure.

少则几年, 多则几十年
Shǎo zé jǐ nián, duō zé jǐshí nián
several years at least and several decades at most; between several years and several decadesb (used to indicate concession, contrast, etc.)

好则好, 只是太贵。
Hǎo zé hǎo, zhǐ shì tài guì.
It's good but too expensive.

今则不然。
Jīn zé bùrán.
However, things are quite different today.
2 (used to list reasons, preceded by 一, 二, 三, or 一, 再, 三)

这篇课文不合适, 一则太长, 二则太难。
Zhè piān kèwén bù héshì, yīzé tài cháng, èrzé tài nán.
This text is unsuitable. For one thing it's too long, for another it's too difficult.
3
FORMALbe

此则余之过也。
Cǐ zé yú zhī guò yě.
This is my fault.

19

农历

农历〔農曆〕
nónglì
the traditional Chinese calendar; the lunar calendar