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Flashcards in Work 1 Deck (41):
1

运动

〔運動〕
yùndòng
1 motion; movement

运动的物质
yùndòng de wùzhì
matter in motion

运动的形式
yùndòng de xíngshì
form of motion

行星的运动
xíngxīng de yùndòng
the movement of a planet

运动是物质的存在方式。
Yùndòng shì wùzhì de cúnzài fāngshì.
Motion is the mode of existence of matter.

乘敌运动之际, 打击敌人。
Chéng dí yùndòng zhījì, dǎjī dírén.
Attack the enemy while he is on the move.
2 sports; athletics; exercise

室外运动
Shìwài yùndòng
outdoor sports

游泳是我喜爱的运动。
Yóuyǒng shì wǒ xǐ'ài de yùndòng.
Swimming is my favourite sport.

散步也是一种运动。
Sànbù yě shì yī zhǒng yùndòng.
Walking is also a form of exercise.
3 (political) movement; campaign; drive

竞选运动
Jìngxuǎn yùndòng
election campaign

技术革新运动
jìshù géxīn yùndòng
a drive for technological innovation

2

走去


zǒuqù
to walk over (to)

3

〔寬〕
kuān
1 wide; broad

宽肩膀
kuān jiānbǎng
broad-shouldered

宽边草帽
kuān biān cǎomào
broad-brimmed straw hat

眼界宽
yǎnjiè kuān
have a broad outlook

这条马路很宽。
Zhè tiáo mǎlù hěn kuān.
This road is very wide.
2 width; breadth

这条河有一里宽。
Zhè tiáo hé yǒu yī lǐ kuān.
This river is one li wide.
3 relax; relieve

听说他的病情并不严重, 我们的心就宽多了。
Tīngshuō tā de bìngqíng bìng bù yánzhòng, wǒmen de xīn jiù kuān duō le.
We were greatly relieved to learn that his condition was not serious.

把心放宽一点。
Bǎ xīn fàngkuān yīdiǎn.
Relax, don't worry so much. or Don't take it too hard.
4 extend

限期能再宽几天吗?
Xiànqī néng zài kuān jǐ tiān ma?
Can the deadline be extended a few more days?
5 generous; lenient ▶ 从宽 cóngkuān
6 comfortably off; well-off

他手头比过去宽多了。
Tā shǒutóu bǐ guòqu kuān duō le.
He's much better off than before.

4

特写

〔-寫〕
tèxiě
1 feature article or story; feature
2 film close-up

特写镜头
tèxiě jìngtóu
close-up (shot)

5

中景


zhōngjǐng
film medium shot

6

远景

〔遠-〕
yuǎnjǐng
1 distant view; long-range perspective; prospect

远景规划
yuǎnjǐng guīhuà
a long-range plan

共产主义的壮丽远景
gòngchǎnzhǔyì de zhuànglì yuǎnjǐng
the splendid prospects of communism
2 film long shot

7

方案


fāng'àn
scheme; plan; programme

提出初步方案
tíchū chūbù fāng'àn
put forward a preliminary plan

8

修改


xiūgǎi
revise; modify; amend; alter

修改计划
xiūgǎi jìhuà
revise a plan

修改宪法
xiūgǎi xiànfǎ
amend (or revise) a constitution

对宣言草案提出建设性的修改意见
duì xuānyán cǎo'àn tíchū jiànshèxìng de xiūgǎi yìjian
submit constructive amendments to the draft declaration

小修小改
xiǎoxiū xiǎo gǎi
minor alterations

9

融资

〔-資〕
róngzī
financing; funding

10

视角

〔視-〕
shìjiǎo
angle of view; visual angle

11

考虑

〔-慮〕
kǎolǜ
think over; consider

让我考虑一下再答复你。
Ràng wǒ kǎolǜ yīxià zài dáfù nǐ.
Let me think it over before I give you an answer.

这方面的情况你考虑了吗?
Zhè fāngmiàn de qíngkuàng nǐ kǎolǜ le ma?
Have you taken this aspect of the matter into account?

计划考虑不周。
Jìhuà kǎolǜ bùzhōu.
The plan has not been carefully thought out.

不考虑个人得失
Bù kǎolǜ gèrén dé-shī
disregard personal gains and losses

给予同情的考虑
jǐyǔ tóngqíng de kǎolǜ
give sympathetic consideration to

我正考虑去呢。
Wǒ zhèng kǎolǜ qù ne.
I'm considering going.

你考虑谁担任这个工作合适?
Nǐ kǎolǜ shuí dānrèn zhège gōngzuò héshì?
Who do you think is more suitable for the job?

12

违法

〔違-〕
wéifǎ
break the law; be illegal

违法行为
wéifǎ xíngwéi
illegal activities; unlawful practice

违法失职
wéifǎ shīzhí
transgression of the law and neglect of duty

13

软弱

〔軟-〕
ruǎnruò
weak; feeble; flabby

他病后身体软弱无力。
Tā bìng hòu shēntǐ ruǎnruòwúlì.
His illness has left him weak.

领导软弱
Lǐngdǎo ruǎnruò
weak leadership

他太软弱, 不会保护自己的权利。
Tā tài ruǎnruò, bù huì bǎohù zìjǐ de quánlì.
He is too weak to defend his rights.

14

暴力


bàolì
violence; force

暴力行为
bàolì xíngwéi
an act of violence

电影里的暴力镜头
diànyǐng lǐ de bàolì jìngtóu
violence (or violent scenes) shown in films

暴力革命
bàolì gémìng
violent revolution

15

品质

〔-質〕
pǐnzhì
1 character; intrinsic quality

道德品质
dàodé pǐnzhì
moral character

学习他的优秀品质
xuéxí tā de yōuxiù pǐnzhì
learn from his fine qualities
2 quality (of commodities, etc.)

品质优良
pǐnzhì yōuliáng
of the best quality

品质证明书
pǐnzhì zhèngmíngshū
certificate of quality

16

行为

〔-為〕
xíngwéi
action; behaviour; conduct

正义的行为
zhèngyì de xíngwéi
righteous action

不法的行为
bùfǎ de xíngwéi
an illegal act

行为不端
xíngwéi bùduān
dishonourable behaviour; bad conduct

17

水准

〔-準〕
shuǐzhǔn
level; standard

高(低)于一般水准
Gāo (dī) yú yībān shuǐzhǔn
above (below) average

18

考虑

〔-慮〕
kǎolǜ
think over; consider

让我考虑一下再答复你。
Ràng wǒ kǎolǜ yīxià zài dáfù nǐ.
Let me think it over before I give you an answer.

这方面的情况你考虑了吗?
Zhè fāngmiàn de qíngkuàng nǐ kǎolǜ le ma?
Have you taken this aspect of the matter into account?

计划考虑不周。
Jìhuà kǎolǜ bùzhōu.
The plan has not been carefully thought out.

不考虑个人得失
Bù kǎolǜ gèrén dé-shī
disregard personal gains and losses

给予同情的考虑
jǐyǔ tóngqíng de kǎolǜ
give sympathetic consideration to

我正考虑去呢。
Wǒ zhèng kǎolǜ qù ne.
I'm considering going.

你考虑谁担任这个工作合适?
Nǐ kǎolǜ shuí dānrèn zhège gōngzuò héshì?
Who do you think is more suitable for the job?

19

违法

〔違-〕
wéifǎ
break the law; be illegal

违法行为
wéifǎ xíngwéi
illegal activities; unlawful practice

违法失职
wéifǎ shīzhí
transgression of the law and neglect of duty

20

软弱

〔軟-〕
ruǎnruò
weak; feeble; flabby

他病后身体软弱无力。
Tā bìng hòu shēntǐ ruǎnruòwúlì.
His illness has left him weak.

领导软弱
Lǐngdǎo ruǎnruò
weak leadership

他太软弱, 不会保护自己的权利。
Tā tài ruǎnruò, bù huì bǎohù zìjǐ de quánlì.
He is too weak to defend his rights.

21

暴力


bàolì
violence; force

暴力行为
bàolì xíngwéi
an act of violence

电影里的暴力镜头
diànyǐng lǐ de bàolì jìngtóu
violence (or violent scenes) shown in films

暴力革命
bàolì gémìng
violent revolution

22

品质

〔-質〕
pǐnzhì
1 character; intrinsic quality

道德品质
dàodé pǐnzhì
moral character

学习他的优秀品质
xuéxí tā de yōuxiù pǐnzhì
learn from his fine qualities
2 quality (of commodities, etc.)

品质优良
pǐnzhì yōuliáng
of the best quality

品质证明书
pǐnzhì zhèngmíngshū
certificate of quality

23

行为

〔-為〕
xíngwéi
action; behaviour; conduct

正义的行为
zhèngyì de xíngwéi
righteous action

不法的行为
bùfǎ de xíngwéi
an illegal act

行为不端
xíngwéi bùduān
dishonourable behaviour; bad conduct

24

水准

〔-準〕
shuǐzhǔn
level; standard

高(低)于一般水准
Gāo (dī) yú yībān shuǐzhǔn
above (below) average

25

考虑

〔-慮〕
kǎolǜ
think over; consider

让我考虑一下再答复你。
Ràng wǒ kǎolǜ yīxià zài dáfù nǐ.
Let me think it over before I give you an answer.

这方面的情况你考虑了吗?
Zhè fāngmiàn de qíngkuàng nǐ kǎolǜ le ma?
Have you taken this aspect of the matter into account?

计划考虑不周。
Jìhuà kǎolǜ bùzhōu.
The plan has not been carefully thought out.

不考虑个人得失
Bù kǎolǜ gèrén dé-shī
disregard personal gains and losses

给予同情的考虑
jǐyǔ tóngqíng de kǎolǜ
give sympathetic consideration to

我正考虑去呢。
Wǒ zhèng kǎolǜ qù ne.
I'm considering going.

你考虑谁担任这个工作合适?
Nǐ kǎolǜ shuí dānrèn zhège gōngzuò héshì?
Who do you think is more suitable for the job?

26

违法

〔違-〕
wéifǎ
break the law; be illegal

违法行为
wéifǎ xíngwéi
illegal activities; unlawful practice

违法失职
wéifǎ shīzhí
transgression of the law and neglect of duty

27

软弱

〔軟-〕
ruǎnruò
weak; feeble; flabby

他病后身体软弱无力。
Tā bìng hòu shēntǐ ruǎnruòwúlì.
His illness has left him weak.

领导软弱
Lǐngdǎo ruǎnruò
weak leadership

他太软弱, 不会保护自己的权利。
Tā tài ruǎnruò, bù huì bǎohù zìjǐ de quánlì.
He is too weak to defend his rights.

28

暴力


bàolì
violence; force

暴力行为
bàolì xíngwéi
an act of violence

电影里的暴力镜头
diànyǐng lǐ de bàolì jìngtóu
violence (or violent scenes) shown in films

暴力革命
bàolì gémìng
violent revolution

29

品质

〔-質〕
pǐnzhì
1 character; intrinsic quality

道德品质
dàodé pǐnzhì
moral character

学习他的优秀品质
xuéxí tā de yōuxiù pǐnzhì
learn from his fine qualities
2 quality (of commodities, etc.)

品质优良
pǐnzhì yōuliáng
of the best quality

品质证明书
pǐnzhì zhèngmíngshū
certificate of quality

30

行为

〔-為〕
xíngwéi
action; behaviour; conduct

正义的行为
zhèngyì de xíngwéi
righteous action

不法的行为
bùfǎ de xíngwéi
an illegal act

行为不端
xíngwéi bùduān
dishonourable behaviour; bad conduct

31

水准

〔-準〕
shuǐzhǔn
level; standard

高(低)于一般水准
Gāo (dī) yú yībān shuǐzhǔn
above (below) average

32

分析

分析
fēnxi
analyse

分析句子成分
fēnxi jùzi chéngfen
parse a sentence

培养分析问题和解决问题的能力
péiyǎng fēnxi wèntí hé jiějué wèntí de nénglì
cultivate the ability to analyse and solve problems

善于分析形势
shànyú fēnxi xíngshì
be proficient in sizing up a situation

老师把这篇课文分析得很精辟。
Lǎoshī bǎ zhè piān kèwén fēnxi de hěn jīngpì.
The teacher made a penetrating analysis of the text.

33

采访

采访〔採訪〕
cǎifǎng
1 hunt for and collect

图书采访工作
Túshū cǎifǎng gōngzuò
the work of finding and collecting books for libraries
2 gather news; cover

采访新闻
cǎifǎng xīnwén
cover a news item

采访一位名演员
cǎifǎng yī wèi míng yǎnyuán
interview a famous actor

她负责采访证券交易所。
Tā fùzé cǎifǎng zhèngquàn jiāoyìsuǒ.
She covers the stock exchange.

他采访了竞选活动的全过程。
Tā cǎifǎng le jìngxuǎn huódòng de quán guòchéng.
He covered the election campaign from start to finish.

34

证明

证明〔證-〕
zhèngmíng
1 prove; testify; bear out

充分证明
chōngfèn zhèngmíng
fully prove

雄辩地证明
xióngbiàn de zhèngmíng
give (or be) eloquent proof of

无数事实已证明了这一点。
Wúshù shìshí yǐ zhèngmíng le zhè yīdiǎn.
Countless facts have proved this point.

事实证明我是对的。
Shìshí zhèngmíng wǒ shì duì de.
The facts bear me out.
2 certificate; identification; testimonial

医生证明
yīshēng zhèngmíng
medical certificate

证明文件
zhèngmíng wénjiàn
certificate; testimonial; papers

35

公民

公民
gōngmín
citizen

中华人民共和国公民
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó gōngmín
a citizen of the People's Republic of China

36

社会保险

社会保险〔-會-險〕
shèhuìbǎoxiǎn
1 social security
2 abbr. to 社保

37

驾照

驾照〔駕-〕
jiàzhào
driver's license

38

分析

分析
fēnxi
analyse

分析句子成分
fēnxi jùzi chéngfen
parse a sentence

培养分析问题和解决问题的能力
péiyǎng fēnxi wèntí hé jiějué wèntí de nénglì
cultivate the ability to analyse and solve problems

善于分析形势
shànyú fēnxi xíngshì
be proficient in sizing up a situation

老师把这篇课文分析得很精辟。
Lǎoshī bǎ zhè piān kèwén fēnxi de hěn jīngpì.
The teacher made a penetrating analysis of the text.

39

采访

采访〔採訪〕
cǎifǎng
1 hunt for and collect

图书采访工作
Túshū cǎifǎng gōngzuò
the work of finding and collecting books for libraries
2 gather news; cover

采访新闻
cǎifǎng xīnwén
cover a news item

采访一位名演员
cǎifǎng yī wèi míng yǎnyuán
interview a famous actor

她负责采访证券交易所。
Tā fùzé cǎifǎng zhèngquàn jiāoyìsuǒ.
She covers the stock exchange.

他采访了竞选活动的全过程。
Tā cǎifǎng le jìngxuǎn huódòng de quán guòchéng.
He covered the election campaign from start to finish.

40

分析

分析
fēnxi
analyse

分析句子成分
fēnxi jùzi chéngfen
parse a sentence

培养分析问题和解决问题的能力
péiyǎng fēnxi wèntí hé jiějué wèntí de nénglì
cultivate the ability to analyse and solve problems

善于分析形势
shànyú fēnxi xíngshì
be proficient in sizing up a situation

老师把这篇课文分析得很精辟。
Lǎoshī bǎ zhè piān kèwén fēnxi de hěn jīngpì.
The teacher made a penetrating analysis of the text.

41

采访

采访〔採訪〕
cǎifǎng
1 hunt for and collect

图书采访工作
Túshū cǎifǎng gōngzuò
the work of finding and collecting books for libraries
2 gather news; cover

采访新闻
cǎifǎng xīnwén
cover a news item

采访一位名演员
cǎifǎng yī wèi míng yǎnyuán
interview a famous actor

她负责采访证券交易所。
Tā fùzé cǎifǎng zhèngquàn jiāoyìsuǒ.
She covers the stock exchange.

他采访了竞选活动的全过程。
Tā cǎifǎng le jìngxuǎn huódòng de quán guòchéng.
He covered the election campaign from start to finish.