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Flashcards in Prac 31 Deck (53):
0

母亲

〔-親〕
mǔqin
mother

1



1 river
2 the Milky Way system
3 (Hé) the Huanghe River; the Yellow River

2

知识

〔-識〕
zhīshi
knowledge; intellect

知识渊博
zhīshi yuānbó
have a wide range of knowledge; be erudite; be learned

技术知识
jìshù zhīshi
technical know-how

书本知识
shūběn zhīshi
book learning

获得生产斗争知识
huòdé shēngchǎn dòuzhēng zhīshi
acquire a knowledge of the struggle for production

跟这种没有知识的人议论严肃音乐本来就没有意思。
Gēn zhèzhǒng méiyǒu zhīshi de rén yìlùn yánsù yīnyuè běnlái jiù méiyǒu yìsi.
There's no point discussing serious music with such ignorant people.

3

地理


dìlǐ
1 geographical features of a place

熟悉地理民情
shúxī dìlǐ mínqíng
be familiar with the place and its people
2 geography

自然(经济)地理
zìrán(jīngjì)dìlǐ
physical (economic) geography

地理发现
dìlǐ fāxiàn
geographical discovery

地理分布
dìlǐ fēnbù
geographical distribution

地理环境
dìlǐ huánjìng
geographical conditions

地理特点
dìlǐ tèdiǎn
geographical features

地理位置
dìlǐ wèizhi
geographical position

4

只要


zhǐyào
CONJUNCTION(usu. used correlatively with 就 or 便) if only; as long as; provided

只要你有钱就办得到。
Zhǐyào nǐ yǒu qián jiù bàn de dào.
You could do it if only you had the money.

只要你在这儿, 我就放心了。
Zhǐyào nǐ zài zhèr, wǒ jiù fàngxīn le.
As long as you're here, I'll have nothing to worry about.

只要虚心, 就会进步。
Zhǐ yào xūxīn, jiù huì jìnbù.
Provided you are modest, you'll surely make progress.

5

成绩

〔-績〕
chéngjì
result (of work or study); achievement; success

取得很大成绩
Qǔdé hěn dà chéngjì
achieve great successes

在比赛中取得良好的成绩
zài bǐsài zhōng qǔdé liánghǎo de chéngjì
get good results in a tournament

学习成绩不太好
xuéxí chéngjì bù tài hǎo
not do very well in one's studies

在我们的工作中成绩是主要的。
Zài wǒmen de gōngzuò zhōng chéngjì shì zhǔyào de.
Our achievements are the main aspect of our work.

他们的工作是有成绩的。
Tāmen de gōngzuò shì yǒu chéngjì de.
Their work has been fruitful.

6

面积

〔-積〕
miànji
area

我国面积约为九百六十万平方公里。
Wǒguó miànji yuē wéi jiǔbǎi liùshí wàn píngfāng gōnglǐ.
The area of China is about 9.6 million square kilometres.

棉花种植面积
Miánhua zhòngzhí miànji
the acreage under cotton

展览会面积为三千平方米。
Zhǎnlǎnhuì miànji wéi sānqiān píngfāngmǐ.
The exhibition covers a floor space of 3,000 square metres.

7

〔萬〕
wàn
1 ten thousand
2 a very great number; myriad

万事万物
wànshìwànwù
myriads of things; all nature

万里长空
wànlǐchángkōng
vast clear skies
3
ADVERB(used in the negative) absolutely

你万不可去。
Nǐ wàn bù kě qù.
You absolutely may not go.

此事万不可泄漏出去。
Cǐshì wàn bùkě xièlòu chūqu.
Be sure not to let it out.
4 (Wàn) a surname
See mò

8

平方公里

píngfāng gōnglǐ
square kilometre (sq. km.)

9

世界


shìjiè
1 world

全世界
quánshìjiè
the whole world

世界大事
shìjiè dàshì
world events

世界冠军
shìjiè guànjūn
world champion

世界纪录
shìjiè jìlù
world record
2
BUDDHISMthe universe ▶ 大千世界 dàqiān shìjiè
3 field; sphere; domain; realm

内心世界
nèixīn shìjiè
a person's inner world

科学世界
kēxué shìjiè
the domain of sciences

禽鸟世界
qínniǎo shìjiè
the feathered world

10

人口


rénkǒu
1 population

人口稠密的地区
rénkǒu chóumì de dìqū
densely populated area; thickly inhabited district

人口众多(稀少)
rénkǒu zhòngduō(xīshǎo)
have a very large (a sparse) population

这个地区的人口有一百三十多万。
Zhège dìqū de rénkǒu yǒu yībǎi sānshí duō wàn.
This district has a population of more than 1.3 million.
2 number of people in a family

他们家人口不多。
Tāmen jiā rénkǒu bù duō.
There aren't many people in their family.

11

包括


bāokuò
include; consist of; comprise; incor-porate

房租每月四元, 水电费包括在内。
Fángzū měi yuè sì yuán, shuǐ-diànfèi bāokuò zài nèi.
The rent is 4 yuan a month, including water and electricity.

联合王国包括英格兰、威尔士、苏格兰和北爱尔兰。
Liánhé Wángguó bāokuò Yīnggélán, wēi ěr shì, Sū gé lán hé běi Ài'ěrlán.
The United Kingdom comprises (or embraces) England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.

委员会中包括老、中、青三部分人。
Wěiyuánhuì zhōng bāokuò lǎo, zhōng, qīng sān bùfen rén.
The committee consists of old, middle-aged and young people.

我们的设计已经包括了你们的意见。
Wǒmen de shèjì yǐjing bāokuò le nǐmen de yìjian.
Our design has incorporated your suggestions.

他的报告包括三个方面。
Tā de bàogào bāokuò sān ge fāngmiàn.
His report contained three aspects.

12

亿

〔億〕

a hundred million

13

正确

〔-確〕
zhèngquè
correct; right; proper

正确的答案
Zhèngquè de dá'àn
a correct answer

正确的立场
zhèngquè de lìchǎng
a correct stand

你这样做是正确的。
Nǐ zhèyàng zuò shì zhèngquè de.
What you are doing is right.

正确处理国家、集体、个人三者之间的关系
Zhèngquè chǔlǐ guójiā, jítǐ, gèrén sān zhě zhījiān de guānxi
maintain a proper balance in the relationship between the state, the collective and the individual

正确对待自己
zhèngquè duìdài zìjǐ
adopt a correct attitude towards oneself

正确估计客观形势
zhèngquè gūjì kèguān xíngshì
accurately appraise the objective situation

正确的批评
zhèngquè de pīpíng
well-founded criticism

正确性
Zhèngquèxìng
correctness; soundness; validity

14

山峰


shānfēng
mountain peak

15

摇篮

〔搖籃〕
yáolán
cradle

她把孩子放在摇篮里, 把他摇睡着了。
Tā bǎ háizi fàng zài yáolán lǐ, bǎ tā yáo shuìzháo le.
She rocked the baby to sleep in the cradle.

延安是中国革命的摇篮。
Yán'ān shì Zhōngguó gémìng de yáolán.
Yan'an was the cradle of the Chinese revolution.

黄河是我国文化的摇篮。
Huáng Hé shì wǒguó wénhuà de yáolán.
The Yellow River was the cradle of Chinese civilization.

16

俄罗斯

〔-羅-〕
Éluósī
Russia

17

大陆

〔-陸〕
dàlù
continent; mainland

中国大陆
Zhōngguó dàlù
the mainland of China

18

香港

Xiānggǎng
1 Hong Kong (or Hongkong) Island
2 the entire Hong Kong area (including Hong Kong Island, Kowloon 九龙 and the New Territories 新界)

19

澳门

〔-門〕
Àomén
Aomen (Macao)

20

西藏


Xīzàng
Tibet

21

珠穆朗玛峰

〔---瑪-〕
Zhūmùlǎngmǎfēng
Mount Qomolangma (known to the West as Mount Everest)

22

黄河

〔黃-〕
Huánghé
the Huanghe River; the Yellow River

23

长江

〔長-〕
Chángjiāng
the Changjiang (Yangtze) River

长江后浪推前浪, 一代更比一代强。
Cháng Jiāng hòulàng tuī qiánlàng, yīdài gèng bǐ yī dài qiáng.
As in the Yangtze River the waves behind drive on those before, so each new generation excels the last one.

24

中华

〔-華〕
Zhōnghuá
1 the Chinese nation
2 China

25

旅游

〔-遊〕
lǚyóu
tour; tourism

26

名胜古迹

〔-勝-跡〕
míngshèng-gǔjì
places of historic interest and scenic beauty; scenic spots and historical sites

27

古迹

〔-跡〕
gǔjì
historic site; place of historic interest

28

自然

zìran
at ease; natural; free from affectation

态度非常自然
Tàidu fēicháng zìran
be quite at ease

她虽是初次演出, 但是演得很自然。
Tā suī shì chūcì yǎnchū, dànshì yǎn de hěn zìran.
Her acting was very natural although it was the first time she appeared on the stage.

他不自然地笑了一笑。
Tā bù zìran de xiào le yī xiào.
He forced a smile.

29

感觉

〔-覺〕
gǎnjué
1 sense perception; sensation; feeling

概念同感觉的区别
Gàiniàn tóng gǎnjué de qūbié
the difference between concepts and sense perceptions

感觉和思想只是外部世界的反映。
Gǎnjué hé sīxiǎng zhǐ shìwàibù shìjiè de fǎnyìng.
Sensations and ideas are only reflections of the external world.

这只是我个人的感觉。
Zhè zhǐshì wǒ gèrén de gǎnjué.
That's only my personal feeling.

他给人以亲切的感觉。
Tā gěi rén yǐ qīnqiè de gǎnjué.
He gives you the impression that he's a very kind man.
2 feel; perceive; become aware of

一场秋雨过后就感觉有点冷了。
Yī cháng qiūyǔ guò hòu jiù gǎnjué yǒu diǎn lěng le.
I felt a little bit cold after the autumn rain.

他感觉到了问题的严重性。
Tā gǎnjué dào le wèntí de yánzhòngxìng.
He became aware of the seriousness of the matter.

你感觉怎么样?
Nǐ gǎnjué zěnmeyàng?
How do you feel now?

30

松树

〔-樹〕
sōngshù
pine tree; pine

31

奇怪


qíguài
1 strange; surprising; odd

奇怪的声音
qíguài de shēngyīn
strange noise

奇怪的表情
qíguài de biǎoqíng
strange expression

一些奇奇怪怪的现象
yīxiē qí qíguài guài de xiànxiàng
some unusual phenomena

荧火虫很奇怪, 身体能发光。
Yíng huǒ chóng hěn qíguài, shēntǐ néng fāguāng.
The firefly is a strange insect that can give off light.

陨石雨是一种自然现象, 没有什么可奇怪的。
Yǔnshíyǔ shì yī zhǒng zìrán xiànxiàng, méiyǒu shénme kě qíguài de.
A meteorite shower is a natural phenomenon; there's nothing strange about it.

真奇怪, 他们至今还一无所知。
Zhēn qíguài, tāmen zhìjīn hái yīwúsuǒzhī.
It's really surprising that they should still be in the dark.

这个问题提得很奇怪。
Zhège wèntí tí de hěn qíguài.
It's a strange question to raise.

各有各的爱好, 没什么奇怪。
Gè yǒu gè de àihào, méi shénme qíguài.
Everyone has his or her own hobby. It's only natural.
2 feel surprised; wonder

他们都奇怪你为什么要辞职。
Tāmen dōu qíguài nǐ wèishénme yào cízhí.
They feel surprised at your resignation.

我奇怪他怎么不来。
Wǒ qíguài tā zěnme bù lái.
I wonder why he didn't come.

这个人虽然住我隔壁, 但奇怪的是我从未见到他。
Zhège rén suīrán zhù wǒ gébì, dàn qíguài de shì wǒ cóngwèi jiàn dào tā.
He lives right next door, but strangely enough I've never seen him.

我们都奇怪为什么这点小事就是办不了。
Wǒmen dōu qíguài wèishénme zhè diǎn xiǎo shì jiù shì bànbuliǎo.
We really don't understand why such a small matter is so hard to settle.

32



MEASURE WORD(usu. for plants)

一棵树
yī kē shù
a tree

一棵大白菜
yī kē dàbáicài
a (head of) Chinese cabbage

33

黄山

〔黃-〕
Huángshān
1 Mt Huang
2 Yellow mountains
3 Huangshan prefecture level city centered around Huangshan Mountains in south Anhui

34

迎客松

Yíngkè Sōng
Greeting Pine, symbol of Mt Huang Huángshān [黃山]

35

运河

〔運-〕
yùnhé
canal

运河税
yùnhéshuì
canal dues

36

工程


gōngchéng
1 engineering

土木(机械, 电机, 采矿)工程
tǔmù(jīxiè, diànjī, cǎikuàng)gōngchéng
civil (mechanical, electrical, mining) engineering
2 project

水利工程
shuǐlì gōngchéng
water conservancy project

工程浩大
gōngchénghàodà
a gigantic project; a tremendous amount of work

37



dig; excavate

挖井
wājǐng
dig (or sink) a well

挖隧道
wā suìdào
excavate a tunnel

挖塘泥
wā tángní
scoop up sludge from a pond

挖煤
wāméi
mine coal

挖防空洞
wā fángkōngdòng
dig an air-raid shelter

38

柳树

〔-樹〕
liǔshù
willow

39

汇合

〔匯-〕
huìhé
converge; join

这两条河在什么地方汇合?
Zhè liǎng tiáo hé zài shénme dìfang huìhé?
Where do the two rivers join?

汇合成一支巨大的力量
huìhé chéng yī zhī jùdà de lìliang
unite to form a gigantic force

五条支流的汇合口
wǔ tiáo zhīliú de huìhé kǒu
the confluence of five tributaries

40

通航


tōngháng
be open to navigation or air traffic

北京与拉萨之间已通航了。
Běijīng yǔ Lāsà zhījiān yǐ tōngháng le.
There is now air service between Beijing and Lhasa.

通航水域
Tōngháng shuǐyù
navigable waters

41


duàn
1
MEASURE WORDsection; segment; part

一段铁路
Yī duàn tiělù
a section of railway

一段衣料
yī duàn yīliào
a length of dress material

这段历史
zhè duàn lìshǐ
this phase of history

一段时间
yī duàn shíjiān
a period of time

边界东段
biānjiè dōng duàn
the eastern sector of the boundary
2 paragraph; passage

另起一段
lìng qǐ yī duàn
start a new paragraph

这是钢琴五重奏《鳟鱼》里我最喜欢的一段。
Zhè shì gāngqín wǔ zhòng zòu 《Zūnyú》 lǐ wǒ zuì xǐhuan de yī duàn.
That is my favourite passage from the piano quintet, The Trout.
3 (Duàn) a surname

42

研究


yánjiū
1 study; research

研究自然规律
yánjiū zìrán guīlǜ
study the laws of nature

科学研究
kēxué yánjiū
scientific research

癌症病源研究
áizhèng bìngyuán yánjiū
researches into the causes of cancer
2 consider; discuss; deliberate

这些问题正在研究。
Zhèxiē wèntí zhèngzài yánjiū.
These matters are under review (or consideration).

43


yǐn
1 draw; stretch

引弓
yǐngōng
draw a bow
2 lead; guide

引滦入津
yǐn luán rù jīn
divert the water of the Luan River to Tianjin
3 leave

引避
yǐnbì
keep (or stay, steer) clear of; make way for
4 stretch out ▶ 引颈 yǐnjǐng
5 induce; attract

劈柴太湿, 火引不着。
Pīchái tài shī, huǒ yǐn bu zháo.
The firewood is too wet to kindle.
6 cause; make

他这一句话引得大家笑起来。
Tā zhè yī jù huà yǐn dé dàjiā xiào qǐlai.
His remark set everybody laughing.
7 quote; cite

引某人的话
Yǐn mǒurén de huà
quote sb.

引自《中国日报》
yǐn zì 《Zhōngguó Rìbào》
quoted from China Daily

引书为证
yǐnshūwéizhèng
cite a book as proof
8 a traditional unit of length equal to 10 zhang 市丈 and equivalent to 33((1/3)) metres

44

改善


gǎishàn
improve; ameliorate

改善劳动条件
Gǎishàn láodòng tiáojiàn
improve working conditions

改善人民的生活
gǎishàn rénmín de shēnghuó
improve the people's livelihood

今天我们改善生活。
Jīntiān wǒmen gǎishàn shēnghuó.
We improved our lives today.

两国关系有所改善。
Liǎng guó guānxi yǒusuǒ gǎishàn.
The relations between the two countries have shown some improvement.

45

杭州


Hángzhōu
Hangzhou (capital of Zhejiang Province)

46

隋炀帝

〔-煬-〕
Suí Yángdì
Emperor Yang of Sui (569-618), said to have murdered his father and brother to seize the throne, reigned 604-618

47

江南


Jiāngnán
south of the River-a region in the lower Changjiang (Yangtze) valley, including southern Jiangsu and Anhui and northern Zhejiang (much celebrated in poetry for its beauties and joys)

江南好。(白居易)
Jiāngnán hǎo. (Bái Jūyì)
It's good to be in the South.

人人尽说江南好。(韦庄)
rénrén jìn shuō Jiāngnán hǎo. (Wéi zhuāng)
Everyone is full of praise for the beauty of the South.

48

扬州

〔揚-〕
Yángzhōu
Yangzhou (in Jiangsu Province)

49

长假

〔長-〕
chángjià
long leave of absence; resignation

请长假
qǐng chángjià
ask for a long leave of absence; hand in one's resignation

50

假期


jiàqī
vacation; holiday; period of leave

51

经过

〔經過〕
jīngguò
1 pass; go through; undergo

这汽车经过动物园吗?
Zhè qìchē jīngguò dòngwùyuán ma?
Does this bus pass the Zoo?

经过长期磨练
jīngguò chángqī móliàn
undergo a long process of tempering
2
PREPOSITIONas a result of; after; through

经过充分讨论, 大家取得了一致意见。
Jīngguò chōngfèn tǎolùn, dàjiā qǔdé le yīzhì yìjian.
After thorough discussion unanimity was achieved.

经过抢救, 病人脱离了危险。
Jīngguò qiǎngjiù, bìngrén tuōlí le wēixiǎn.
The patient is out of danger after emergency treatment.
3 process; course

事件的全部经过
Shìjiàn de quánbù jīngguò
the whole course of the incident; the whole process from beginning to end

事情的经过是这样的。
Shìqing de jīngguò shì zhèyàng de.
This is how it happened.

52

一部分


yībùfèn
1 portion
2 part of
3 subset