Work 9 Flashcards Preview

Chinese > Work 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Work 9 Deck (25):
1

判定

判定
pàndìng
judge; decide; determine

2

格式

格式
géshi
form; pattern

公文格式
Gōngwén géshi
the form (or standardized style) of an official document

3

邀请

邀请〔-請〕
yāoqǐng
invite

邀请代表团来中国访问
Yāoqǐng dàibiǎotuán lái Zhōngguó fǎngwèn
invite a delegation to visit China

应中国政府的邀请
yīng Zhōngguó zhèngfǔ de yāoqǐng
at the invitation of the Chinese Government

发出邀请
fāchū yāoqǐng
send (or extend) an invitation

愉快地接受邀请
yúkuài de jiēshòu yāoqǐng
accept an invitation with pleasure

4

首映

首映
shǒuyìng
1 premiere (of a play or film)
2 opening night
3 first-run
4 to premiere (a film)

5

吐字

吐字
tǔzì
(of an actor in traditional opera) enunciate

吐字清楚
tǔzì qīngchu
enunciate clearly

6

布景

布景
bùjǐng
1 composition (of a painting)
2
THEATREsetting

布景设计师
bùjǐng shèjìshī
set designer

7

场合

场合〔場-〕
chǎnghé
occasion; situation

外交场合
Wàijiāo chǎnghé
a diplomatic occasion

这种场合你不能穿得太随便。
Zhèzhǒng chǎnghé nǐ bù néng chuān de tài suíbiàn.
You should be properly dressed for such an occasion.

8

设定

设定〔設-〕
shèdìng
1 to set
2 to set up
3 to install
4 setting
5 preferences

9

舒泰

舒泰
shūtài
free from worries; comfortable and at ease

心里好舒泰
Xīnli hǎo shūtài
feel completely relaxed

问题解决了, 我舒舒泰泰地睡了个好觉。
Wèntí jiějué le, wǒ shū shūtài tài de shuì le ge hǎo jué.
With the problem solved, I got a good night's sleep.

10

专门

专门〔專門〕
zhuānmén
special; specialized

专门研究化学
Zhuānmén yánjiū huàxué
specialize in chemistry

专门为儿童写的故事
zhuānmén wèi értóng xiě de gùshi
stories specially written for children

今后你就专门搞会计工作好了。
Jīnhòu nǐ jiù zhuānmén gǎo kuàijì gōngzuò hǎo le.
From now on you'll concentrate on accounting alone.

专门机构
zhuānmén jīgòu
special agency; special organ

专门人材
zhuānmén réncái
people with professional skill; specialized personnel

专门术语
zhuānmén shùyǔ
technical terms; nomenclature

专门知识
zhuānmén zhīshi
specialized knowledge; expertise; technical know-how

11


tián
1 fill; stuff

往坑里填土
Wǎng kēng lǐ tián tǔ
fill a pit with earth

填枕芯
tián zhěn xīn
stuff a pillow
2 write; fill in

填表
tiánbiǎo
fill in a form

别填错日期。
Bié tián cuò rìqī.
Don't fill in the wrong date.

12

虚〔虛〕

1 emptiness; void ▶ 乘虚 chéngxū, 太虚 tàixū
2 empty; void; unoccupied

虚位
xūwèi
leave a seat vacant
3 diffident; timid

胆虚
dǎnxū
timid; milk-livered

心里有点虚
xīnli yǒu diǎn xū
feel rather diffident
4 in vain

箭不虚发。
Jiàn bù xū fā.
Not a single arrow missed its target.
5 false; nominal ▶ 虚名 xūmíng, 虚构 xūgòu
6 humble; modest ▶ 谦虚 qiānxū
7 weak; in poor health

身体很虚
Shēntǐ hěn xū
be very weak physically
8 abstract; theory; guiding principles

以虚带实。
Yǐxūdàishí.
Let correct ideology guide practical work.
9
PHYSICSvirtual

虚阴极
Xū yīnjí
virtual cathode
10 the eleventh of the twenty-eight constellations (二十八宿) into which the celestial sphere was divided in ancient Chinese astronomy (consisting of two stars in a straight line, one in Aquarius and the other in Equuleus)

13

景深

景深
jǐngshēn
PHOTOGRAPHYdepth of field

14

布置

布置
bùzhì
1 fix up; arrange; decorate

布置会场
bùzhì huìchǎng
fix up a place for a meeting

布置展品
bùzhì zhǎnpǐn
arrange exhibits

礼堂布置得很漂亮。
Lǐtáng bùzhì de hěn piàoliang.
The auditorium was beautifully decorated.
2 assign; make arrangements for; give instructions about

布置工作
Bùzhì gōngzuò
assign work; give instructions about an assignment

布置政治学习
bùzhì zhèngzhì xuéxí
make arrangements for political study

今天布置的算术作业是十道题。
Jīntiān bùzhì de suànshù zuòyè shì shí dào tí.
Today's assignment in arithmetic consists of ten problems.

15

剔除

剔除
tīchú
reject; get rid of

继承文化遗产要吸取精华, 剔除糟粕
jìchéng wénhuà yíchǎn yào xīqǔ jīnghuá, tīchú zāopò
absorb the essence and reject the dross in inheriting the cultural legacy

1990年人均生活费为1, 387元, 剔除价格因素, 比1980年增长68.1%。
1990nián rénjūn shēnghuófèi wéi 1, 387 yuán, tīchú jiàgé yīnsù, bǐ 1980nián zēngzhǎng 68.1%.
In 1990 the average per capita cost of living reached 1,387 yuan, an increase of 68.1% over 1980 after allowing for price rises.

16

浪费

浪费〔-費〕
làngfèi
waste; squander; be extravagant

浪费时间
làngfèi shíjiān
waste time; fritter away one's time

浪费人力物力
làngfèi rénlì wùlì
waste manpower and material resources

你太浪费了。
Nǐ tài làngfèi le.
You are too extravagant.

你这样花钱是浪费。
Nǐ zhèyàng huāqián shì làngfèi.
Spending money as you do is a waste.

反对浪费, 提倡节约
Fǎnduì làngfèi, tíchàng jiéyuē
combat waste and encourage economy

17

安装

安装〔-裝〕
ānzhuāng
install; fix; set up

安装电话
Ānzhuāng diànhuà
install a telephone

安装机器
ānzhuāng jīqì
install machinery

安装扩音器
ānzhuāng kuòyīnqì
set up a megaphone

推进器的叶片已经安装好了。
Tuījìnqì de yèpiàn yǐjing ānzhuāng hǎo le.
The propeller blades have been mounted.

在工厂里没呆多久, 他就把机器的拆卸和安装都学会了。
Zài gōngchǎng lǐ méi dāi duōjiǔ, tā jiù bǎ jīqì de chāixiè hé ānzhuāng dōu xuéhuì le.
He hadn't been at the factory for long before he had learned how to disassemble and assemble the machines.

18

设置

设置〔設-〕
shèzhì
1 set up; establish

设置专门机构
shèzhì zhuānmén jīgòu
set up a special organization

课程设置
kèchéng shèzhì
courses offered in a college or school; curriculum
2 put up; install

实验室里设置了闭路电视。
Shíyànshì lǐ shèzhì le bìlù diànshì.
A closed circuit TV system has been installed in the laboratories.

给会议设置重重障碍
Gěi huìyì shèzhì chóngchóng zhàng'ài
place all sorts of obstacles before the conference

19

反光

反光
fǎnguāng
1 reflect light

白墙反光, 屋里显得很敞亮。
Bái qiáng fǎnguāng, wū lǐ xiǎnde hěn chǎngliàng.
With the white walls reflecting the light, the room looks bright and spacious.
2 reflection of light

湖面上的反光把我的眼睛都照花了。
Húmiàn shàng de fǎnguāng bǎ wǒ de yǎnjing dōu zhào huā le.
The reflections of sunlight in the lake dazzled my eyes.

20

反光镜

反光镜〔--鏡〕
fǎnguāngjìng
reflector

21

护肤

护肤〔護膚〕
hùfū
skin care

22

设置

设置〔設-〕
shèzhì
1 set up; establish

设置专门机构
shèzhì zhuānmén jīgòu
set up a special organization

课程设置
kèchéng shèzhì
courses offered in a college or school; curriculum
2 put up; install

实验室里设置了闭路电视。
Shíyànshì lǐ shèzhì le bìlù diànshì.
A closed circuit TV system has been installed in the laboratories.

给会议设置重重障碍
Gěi huìyì shèzhì chóngchóng zhàng'ài
place all sorts of obstacles before the conference

23

反光

反光
fǎnguāng
1 reflect light

白墙反光, 屋里显得很敞亮。
Bái qiáng fǎnguāng, wū lǐ xiǎnde hěn chǎngliàng.
With the white walls reflecting the light, the room looks bright and spacious.
2 reflection of light

湖面上的反光把我的眼睛都照花了。
Húmiàn shàng de fǎnguāng bǎ wǒ de yǎnjing dōu zhào huā le.
The reflections of sunlight in the lake dazzled my eyes.

24

反光镜

反光镜〔--鏡〕
fǎnguāngjìng
reflector

25

护肤

护肤〔護膚〕
hùfū
skin care