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Flashcards in Rand 3 Deck (24):
1

流氓


liúmáng
1 rogue; hoodlum; hooligan; gangster
2 immoral (or indecent) behaviour; hooliganism; indecency ▶ 耍流氓 shuǎ liúmáng

2

着紧

〔著緊〕
zháojǐn
1 urgent
2 in a great hurry
3 in intimate relationship with sb

3

讲理

〔講-〕
jiǎnglǐ
1 reason with sb.; argue

咱们跟他讲理去。
Zánmen gēn tā jiǎnglǐ qù.
Let's go and argue it out with him.
2 listen (or be amenable) to reason; be reasonable; be sensible

这人没法跟他讲理。
Zhè rén méi fǎ gēn tā jiǎnglǐ.
He is utterly unreasonable. or He is impervious to reason.

4

负责

〔負責〕
fùzé
1 be responsible for; be in charge of

他负责保卫工作。
Tā fùzé bǎowèi gōngzuò.
He is in charge of security affairs.

本着对工作负责的精神
Běnzhe duì gōngzuò fùzé de jīngshén
motivated by a desire to do one's job well

向人民负责
xiàng rénmín fùzé
hold oneself responsible to the people

由此产生的一切后果由你方负责。
Yóucǐ chǎnshēng de yīqiè hòuguǒ yóu nǐ fāng fùzé.
Your side will be held responsible for all the consequences arising therefrom.
2 conscientious

她对工作很负责。
Tā duì gōngzuò hěn fùzé.
She is very conscientious in her work.

5

法理


fǎlǐ
legal principle; theory of law

6


tūn
1 swallow; gulp down

把药丸吞下去
Bǎ yàowán tūn xiàqu
swallow the pills

一口吞掉
yī kǒu tūn diào
gobble up in one go; devour in one gulp
2 take possession of; annex ▶ 独吞 dútūn

7


guāi

1 (of a child) well-behaved; good

真是个乖孩子。
Zhēn shì ge guāi háizi.
There's a dear.
2 clever; shrewd; alert

学乖了
Xué guāi le
become a little wiser

FORMAL
1 perverse; contrary to reason

有乖常理
yǒuguāichánglǐ
run counter to reason
2 (of character, behaviour, etc.) irregular; abnormal ▶ 乖谬 guāimiù

8


cáng
1 hide; conceal

钱藏在箱子里。
Qián cáng zài xiāngzi lǐ.
The money was hidden in a trunk.

老大娘把八路军伤员藏在自己家里。
Lǎodàniáng bǎ Bālùjūn shāngyuán cáng zài zìjǐ jiālǐ.
Grandma hid the wounded Eighth Route Army man in her house.

这人肚子里藏不住话。
Zhè rén dùzi lǐ cáng bù zhù huà.
This chap can't keep anything to himself.
2 store; lay by

阁楼上可以藏好多东西。
Gélóu shàng kěyǐ cáng hǎo duō dōngxi.
We can store a lot of things in the attic.

藏粮于民
Cáng liáng yú mín
store grain among the people
See zàng

9

主意


zhǔyi
1 idea; plan

好主意!
Hǎo zhǔyi!
That's a good idea.

人多主意多。
Rén duō zhǔyi duō.
More people mean a greater ferment of ideas.

领导者的责任主要是出主意、用干部两件事。
Lǐngdǎozhě de zérèn zhǔyào shì chū zhǔyi, yòng gànbù liǎng jiàn shì.
Leadership involves two main responsibilities: to work out ideas and to make good use of cadres.
2 decision; definite view

打定主意
Dǎdìng zhǔyi
make a decision; make up one's mind

改变主意
gǎibiàn zhǔyi
change one's view (or mind)

拿不定主意
nábudìng zhǔyi
be in two minds (about sth.)

我一时没了主意。
Wǒ yīshí méi le zhǔyi.
I was quite at a loss, then. or For a moment I just didn't know what to do.

10

主意


zhǔyi
1 idea; plan

好主意!
Hǎo zhǔyi!
That's a good idea.

人多主意多。
Rén duō zhǔyi duō.
More people mean a greater ferment of ideas.

领导者的责任主要是出主意、用干部两件事。
Lǐngdǎozhě de zérèn zhǔyào shì chū zhǔyi, yòng gànbù liǎng jiàn shì.
Leadership involves two main responsibilities: to work out ideas and to make good use of cadres.
2 decision; definite view

打定主意
Dǎdìng zhǔyi
make a decision; make up one's mind

改变主意
gǎibiàn zhǔyi
change one's view (or mind)

拿不定主意
nábudìng zhǔyi
be in two minds (about sth.)

我一时没了主意。
Wǒ yīshí méi le zhǔyi.
I was quite at a loss, then. or For a moment I just didn't know what to do.

11

强人

〔強-〕
qiángrén
1 strong man
2 (also 强徒 qiángtú) old robber; bandit

12

顾念

〔顧-〕
gùniàn
think about; be concerned about

顾念人民
Gùniàn rénmín
be concerned about the well-being of the people

13

影响

〔-響〕
yǐngxiǎng
1 influence; effect

月亮对潮汐的影响
yuèliang duì cháoxī de yǐngxiǎng
the influence of the moon on the tides

榜样对青年人的影响
bǎngyàng duì qīngniánrén de yǐngxiǎng
the influence of example on the young

产生巨大影响
chǎnshēng jùdà yǐngxiǎng
exert a tremendous influence; produce a great impact

消除天灾的影响
xiāochú tiānzāi de yǐngxiǎng
fight off the effects of natural calamities

这样做影响不好。
Zhèyàng zuò yǐngxiǎng bù hǎo.
This would create a bad impression.

这篇文章很有影响。
Zhè piān wénzhāng hěn yǒu yǐngxiǎng.
This article is making a strong impact.
2 affect; influence

吸烟影响健康。
Xīyān yǐngxiǎng jiànkāng.
Smoking affects health.

用自己的榜样去影响孩子
Yòng zìjǐ de bǎngyàng qù yǐngxiǎng háizi
try to influence children by personal example

影响质量
yǐngxiǎng zhìliàng
impair the quality

影响威信
yǐngxiǎng wēixìn
lower (or undermine) one's prestige

影响工程进度
yǐngxiǎng gōngchéng jìndù
hold up the project

影响群众的积极性
yǐngxiǎng qúnzhòng de jījíxìng
chill (or dampen) the enthusiasm of the masses

影响工作
yǐngxiǎng gōngzuò
interfere with one's work

别影响他复习功课。
Bié yǐngxiǎng tā fùxí gōngkè.
Don't disturb him while he is reviewing his lessons.

灯光不好会影响演出效果。
Dēngguāng bù hǎo huì yǐngxiǎng yǎnchū xiàoguǒ.
Poor lighting will spoil the stage effect.
3 hearsay; gossip

影响之谈
Yǐngxiǎng zhī tán
speaking from hearsay

14

阴影

〔陰-〕
yīnyǐng
shadow

树木的阴影
shùmù de yīnyǐng
shadows of trees

肺部有阴影
fèibù yǒu yīnyǐng
have a shadow on one's lungs

15

阴凉

〔陰涼〕
yīnliáng
1 shady and cool

此药宜置于阴凉处。
Cǐ yào yí zhìyú yīnliáng chù.
The medicine should be kept in a cool, dark place.
2 a cool place; shade

找个阴凉儿歇歇。
Zhǎo ge yīnliángr xiēxie.
Let's have a rest in the shade.

16

〔擋/攩〕
dǎng
1 keep off; ward off; block

挡雨
dǎngyǔ
keep off the rain; shelter one from the rain

挡风
dǎngfēng
shelter sth. from (or keep out) the wind

防护林带挡住了风沙。
Fánghùlíndài dǎngzhù le fēngshā.
The shelterbelt kept the sand in check.

喝一口挡挡夜里的寒气。
Hē yī kǒu dǎng dǎng yèli de hánqì.
Have a drop. It'll ward off the cold of the night.
2 block; get in the way of

挡路
dǎnglù
be (or get) in the way

挡光
dǎng guāng
be (or get) in the light

山高挡不住太阳。
Shān gāo dǎng bù zhù tàiyáng.
The highest mountains can't shut out the sun.

绝不能让私利挡住了眼睛。
Juébù néng ràng sīlì dǎngzhù le yǎnjing.
Never be blinded by private interests.
3 fender; blind

炉挡儿
Lú dǎngr
(fire) fender; fire screen

窗挡子
chuāng dǎng zi
window blind (or shade)
4 gear (of a car)

前进(倒)挡
qiánjìn(dào)dǎng
forward (reverse) gear

高速(低速)挡
gāosù(dīsù)dǎng
top (bottom) gear
See dàng

17

挡住

〔擋-〕
dǎngzhù
to obstruct

18

强壮

〔強壯〕
qiángzhuàng
strong; sturdy; robust

他身体强壮。
Tā shēntǐ qiángzhuàng.
He's strong and healthy.

19

刷牙


shuāyá
brush (or clean) one's teeth

20

得瑟


dèse
to be cocky

21

强壮

〔強壯〕
qiángzhuàng
strong; sturdy; robust

他身体强壮。
Tā shēntǐ qiángzhuàng.
He's strong and healthy.

22

强壮

〔強壯〕
qiángzhuàng
strong; sturdy; robust

他身体强壮。
Tā shēntǐ qiángzhuàng.
He's strong and healthy.

23

性格


xìnggé
1 nature
2 disposition
3 temperament
4 character
M: gè [个]

24

急躁


jízào
1 irritable; irascible

他性情急躁。
Tā xìngqíng jízào.
He has an irascible temperament.

一听说事情还没办, 他就急躁起来。
Yī tīngshuō shìqing hái méi bàn, tā jiù jízào qǐlai.
As soon as he heard that the matter hadn't been taken care of yet, he got very irritable.
2 impetuous; rash; impatient

防止急躁情绪
Fángzhǐ jízào qíngxù
guard against impetuosity

产生急躁情绪
chǎnshēng jízào qíngxù
give way to impatience

急躁冒进
jízàomàojìn
advance impetuously

别急躁, 准备好了再开始行动。
Bié jízào, zhǔnbèi hǎo le zài kāishǐ xíngdòng.
Don't get impatient. Wait until everything's ready before you act.