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Flashcards in Prac 41 Deck (21):
1

事务所

事务所〔-務-〕
shìwùsuǒ
office

律师事务所
lǜshī shìwùsuǒ
lawyer's office

2

事务

事务〔-務〕
shìwù
1 work; routine

事务繁忙
Shìwùfánmáng
have a lot (of work) to do

事务性工作
shìwùxìng gōngzuò
routine work; daily routine
2 general affairs

事务科
shìwùkē
the general affairs section

3


suǒ

1 place ▶ 住所 zhùsuǒ, 休养所 xiūyǎngsuǒ
2 office; bureau; institute ▶ 指挥所 zhǐhuīsuǒ, 派出所 pàichūsuǒ
3
MEASURE WORD(for houses, schools, hospitals, etc.)

一所房子
Yī suǒ fángzi
a house

两所学校
liǎng suǒ xuéxiào
two schools

这所医院
zhè suǒ yīyuàn
this hospital

PARTICLE FORMAL(used before a verb to form a noun construction) what, that which, those whom, etc.
1 noun or pronoun+所+verb a (used with的to modify a noun)

我所认识的人
wǒ suǒ rènshi de rén
the people I know

大家所提的意见
dàjiā suǒ tí de yìjian
the opinions various people put forwardb (used with 的 as a noun)

他所说的未必确实。
Tā suǒ shuō de wèibì quèshí.
What he says is not necessarily true.

我所知道的就这些。
Wǒ suǒ zhīdao de jiù zhèxiē.
That's all I know.c (used as a noun without 的, esp. when the verb is monosyllabic)

尽我所能
jìn wǒ suǒ néng
do all I can

据你所说
jù nǐ suǒ shuō
from what you say
2 所+verb a (used with 的 to modify a noun)

所用的方法
suǒ yòng de fāngfǎ
the methods which are used

所需的费用
suǒ xū de fèiyong
the necessary expensesb (used with 的 as a noun)

所需的并不多。
Suǒ xū de bìng bù duō.
What is needed is not much.

所考虑的正是这一点。
Suǒ kǎolǜ de zhèngshì zhè yīdiǎn.
That's just what we have under consideration.c (used as a noun without的, esp. in set phrases in which the verb is monosyllabic)

所见所闻
suǒjiànsuǒwén
what one has seen and heard

各尽所能
gèjìnsuǒnéng
from each according to his ability
3 为 or 被+ noun or pronoun +所+ verb (expressing a passive meaning)

为人所笑
wéi rén suǒ xiào
be laughed at by other people

被表面现象所迷惑
bèi biǎomiàn xiànxiàng suǒ míhuo
be misled by outward appearances
4 所+ verb used as the object of 有 or 无 a (as the object of 有)

有所创造
yǒusuǒ chuàngzào
create something or other

有所准备
yǒusuǒ zhǔnbèi
be prepared in some way or otherb (as the object of 无, esp. in set phrases)

无所准备
wú suǒ zhǔnbèi
need do nothing in preparation for it

无所用心
wúsuǒyòngxīn
not give serious thought to anything

4

熟悉

熟悉
shúxī
know sth. or sb. well; be familiar with; have an intimate knowledge of

他们彼此很熟悉。
Tāmen bǐcǐ hěn shúxī.
They know each other very well.

用群众熟悉的语言来写作
Yòng qúnzhòng shúxī de yǔyán lái xiězuò
write in language familiar to the masses

你到了那里, 要先熟悉当地的情况。
Nǐ dào le nàli, yào xiān shúxī dāngdì de qíngkuàng.
When you get there, first of all familiarize yourself with the situation.

他对各项生产数字很熟悉。
Tā duì gèxiàng shēngchǎn shùzì hěn shúxī.
He has the various production figures at his fingertips.

他对这工作不熟悉。
Tā duì zhè gōngzuò bù shúxī.
He is new to the task.

熟悉内情
shúxī nèiqíng
know the ins and outs of the matter; know the inside story of; be in the know

5

想法

想法
xiǎngfa
idea; opinion; what one has in mind

这个想法不错。
Zhège xiǎngfa bùcuò.
This is a good idea.

按我的想法
Àn wǒ de xiǎngfa
in my opinion; to my mind

把你的想法给大家说说。
Bǎ nǐ de xiǎngfa gěi dàjiā shuō shuō.
Tell us what you have in mind.

6

打官司

打官司
dǎ guānsi
1 go to court (or law); engage in a lawsuit
2
INFORMALsquabble

打不完的官司
dǎ bù wán de guānsi
endless squabbles

7

法律

法律
fǎlǜ
law; statute

法律保护
fǎlǜ bǎohù
legal protection

法律地位
fǎlǜ dìwèi
legal status

法律根据
fǎlǜ gēnjù
legal basis

法律规定
fǎlǜ guīdìng
legal provisions

法律手续
fǎlǜ shǒuxù
legal procedure

法律制裁
fǎlǜ zhìcái
legal sanction

法律面前人人平等。
Fǎlǜ miànqián rénrén píngděng.
All are equal before the law.

8

同意

同意
tóngyì
agree; consent; approve

我的意见你同意吗?
Wǒ de yìjian nǐ tóngyì ma?
Do you agree with me?

他同意这项建议。
Tā tóngyì zhè xiàng jiànyì.
He consented to the proposal.

父母不同意我的婚事。
Fùmǔ bù tóngyì wǒ de hūnshì.
My parents don't approve of my marriage.

征求对大使提名的同意
Zhēngqiú duì dàshǐ tímíng de tóngyì
request for agreement to the nomination of an ambassador

表示同意前一位发言人的意见
biǎoshì tóngyì qián yī wèi fāyánrén de yìjian
express agreement with the previous speaker

9

公务员

公务员〔-務員〕
gōngwùyuán
1 orderly
2 government office worker; civil servant

10

公务

公务〔-務〕
gōngwù
public affairs; official business

办理公务
bànlǐ gōngwù
handle official business

执行国家公务
zhíxíng guójiā gōngwù
perform official duties

11

法官

法官
fǎguān
judge; justice

12



1 law ▶ 守法 shǒufǎ
2 method; way; mode

教法
jiàofǎ
teaching method

表达法
biǎodáfǎ
mode of expression
3 standard; model ▶ 法书 fǎshū
4 follow; model after ▶ 效法 xiàofǎ
5
BUDDHISMthe Law; dharma
6 magic arts ▶ 作法 zuòfǎ
7 (Fǎ) short for 法国 Fǎguó

13


guān

1 government official; officer; officeholder

大官
dàguān
a high official

他做过什么官?
Tā zuò guò shénme guān?
What official positions has he held?
2 governmental; official ▶ 官办 guānbàn, 官费 guānfèi
3 public

官厕所
guān cèsuǒ
a public W. C. (or toilet)
4 (Guān) a surname
organ (a part of the body) ▶ 感官 gǎnguān

14

国营

国营〔國營〕
guóyíng
state-operated; state-run

国营工商业
guóyíng gōngshāngyè
state-operated industry and commerce

国营牌价
guóyíng páijià
state-set prices

15


kào

1 lean against; lean on

扁担靠在门背后。
Biǎndan kào zài mén bèihòu.
The shoulder pole is standing behind the door.

把梯子靠在墙上
Bǎ tīzi kào zài qiáng shàng
lean a ladder against a wall
2 stand by the side of; get near; come up to

车辆一律靠右走。
Chēliàng yīlǜ kào yòu zǒu.
All vehicles should keep to the right.

船已经靠码头了。
Chuán yǐjing kào mǎtou le.
The ship has docked.

疗养院靠海。
Liáoyǎngyuàn kào hǎi.
The sanatorium stands by the sea.

他已是靠五十的人了。
Tā yǐ shì kào wǔshí de rén le.
He's already close on fifty.
3 depend on; rely on

他家里靠他维持生活。
Tā jiālǐ kào tā wéichí shēnghuó.
His family depended on him for support.
4 trust ▶ 可靠 kěkào
(in traditional opera) stage armour (made of silk and embroidered back and front)

扎靠
Zhā kào
wear stage armour

16

historical period

汉代
Hàndài
the Han Dynasty
2
GEOLOGYera ▶ 古生代 Gǔshēngdài
3 generation

代代相传
dàidàixiāngchuán
pass on (or hand down) from generation to generation

一代新人在成长。
Yī dài xīnrén zài chéngzhǎng.
A new generation is growing up.

17

律师

律师〔-師〕
lǜshī
lawyer; (British) barrister; (British) solicitor; (American) attorney

我想请个律师来打这场官司。
Wǒ xiǎng qǐng ge lǜshī lái dǎ zhè cháng guānsi.
I'm trying to employ a lawyer to handle the case.

18

确实

确实〔確實〕
quèshí
1 true; reliable

确实的消息
quèshí de xiāoxi
reliable information

确实的数字
quèshí de shùzì
exact figures

把发生的事说得确确实实
bǎ fāshēng de shì shuō de què quèshí shí
give an accurate and detailed account of what has happened
2
ADVERBreally; indeed

这确实是个很好的建议。
Zhè quèshí shì ge hěn hǎo de jiànyì.
This is really a very good suggestion.

他确实来过。
Tā quèshí lái guò.
Yes, he did come.

他最近确实有些进步。
Tā zuìjìn quèshí yǒu xiē jìnbù.
He's really made some progress recently.

你听到爆炸声了?——确实听到了。
Nǐ tīng dào bàozhà shēng le? —— quèshí tīngdào le.
Did you hear the explosion? - Indeed I did.

19

主角

主角
zhǔjué
leading role; lead; protagonist

在该片中演主角
Zài gāi piàn zhōng yǎn zhǔjué
play the lead in the film

VARIANTS
正角 zhèngjué

20

演员

演员〔-員〕
yǎnyuán
actor or actress; performer

挑选演员
tiāoxuǎn yǎnyuán
choose the cast

演员表
yǎnyuánbiǎo
the cast

21




1 deputy; assistant; vice-

副主席
fùzhǔxí
vice-chairman

副总理
fùzǒnglǐ
vice-premier

副部长
fùbùzhǎng
vice-minister

副领事
fùlǐngshì
vice-consul

副书记
fù shūji
deputy secretary

副秘书长
fù mìshūzhǎng
deputy secretary-general

副主任
fùzhǔrèn
deputy director

副经理
fù jīnglǐ
deputy manager

副主编
fù zhǔbiān
associate editor in chief

副司令员
fù sīlìngyuán
assistant commanding officer (or commandant)

(飞机)副驾驶员
(fēijī) fù jiàshǐyuán
copilot
2 assistant post; a person who takes an assistant post ▶ 大副 dàfù, 二副 èrfù
3 auxiliary; subsidiary; secondary

副泵
fù bèng
auxiliary pump
4 correspond to; fit ▶ 名不副实 míng bù fù shí

MEASURE WORD
1 for a set of sth.

一副手套
yī fù shǒutào
a pair of gloves
2 for facial expression

一副笑脸
yī fù xiàoliǎn
a smiling face

装出一副庄严的面孔
zhuāng chū yī fù zhuāngyán de miànkǒng
put on solemn looks; assume a solemn face