Chapter 1-Converging Cultures Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1-Converging Cultures Deck (41):
1

What are two language grouping for American Indians

Algonquin & Iroqois

2

This is a far northern American Indian group

Inuit or Eskimos

3

Who was an important Iroquois leader?

Hiawatha

4

How was property ownership and leadership passed through Native American Indian culture?

Matrilineal through the female line

5

What animal had a great impact on changing the way of life for Great Plains Indians

horse

6

Eastern Native American Indians lived in _____.

Long houses

7

Great plains Indians lived in ____

Teepes

8

Northeast US Indians were primarily ___.

Iroquois

9

Southeast US Indians were primarily ___.

Cherokee

10

What type of farming did Southeast US Indians use?

Slash and burn

11

Many Iroquois practiced _____ to get their food

hunting and gathering

12

Inuit indians lived in _____ and used ____ during their long winter nights>

igloos and oil lamps

13

a good spirit for native americans is called a good ___

kachina

14

list five pacific ocean indian groups that primarily fished for food

chinook
kwakiutls
salish
tlingit
nootkas

15

what desert dominates north and west africa

sahara desert

16

list three empires in west africa

ghana
mali
songhai

17

what people were from the mali empire

malinke people

18

which empire was ruled by mansa musa and mansa sulayman?

Mali Empire

19

Where did the Edo people settle and create an empire?

Benin on the cost of Guinea and Ghana

20

What people were in the Songhai empire?

Sorko people

21

Black Slavery primarily was used on ___ plantations in the Caribbean.

Sugar Plantations

22

Who opened a school for navigation in Europe?

Prince Henry of Portugal

23

list four new navigation tools in Europe.

compass
astrolabe
caravels
lateen sails

24

who came to North America using longboats, settled, and then died off about 900.

Vikings

25

What explorer sailed for Portugal around Africa to India?

Vasco Da Gama

26

Where were most of Spain's colonies?

South and Central America

27

Florida was known as the land of ____ by the Spanish.

Flowers

28

What was the first capital of the Spanish colonies?

Santo Domingo on Hispaniola

29

Who was the first European explorer to reach the Pacific in Central America?

Balboa for Spain

30

Who was the Spanish explorer to land on Watling Island in the Bahamas in 1492?

Christopher Columbus for Spain

31

Split the new world between Spanish and Portuguese

line of demarcation

32

The _____ was the sharing of crops, ideas, and tools between Africa, America, and Europe, a so called global interaction.

Columbian Exchange

33

The _____ was when oceans levels were lower exposing the Bering Land Bridge for migration routes.

Ice Age

34

From which continent is it believed that the first Americans came from?

Asia

35

What is used to determine age of artifacts found in archaeology?

radiocarbon dating

36

This is the earliest known civilization in Mexico?

Olmec

37

These people were master architects in Mexico.

Toltecs

38

These ancient people lived in cliffs like those found in Checo Canyon, New Mexico

Anasazi

39

This early North American civilization used irrigation in the Southwest US

Hohokam

40

which Mississippian culture built many Monunds in the Mississippi and Ohio River valleys.

Adena

41

This was a great city near St. Louis for early Mississippian culture.

Cahokia