Chapter 2-Colonizing America Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2-Colonizing America Deck (52):
1

List four French explorers of America

Champlain
Cartier
Marquette
Joliet

2

New France included ____ and ___.

Canada and Quebec

3

French explorers were attempting to find a _____ through the American Continent.

Northwest Passage

4

What river was the center of most French settlement in North America?

St. Lawrence River

5

What cased a lack of land in England in the 1600s?

creation of large estates and the enclosure movment

6

_____ was an English explorer in the 1500s but did not create an English settlement.

John Cabot
Sebastian Cabot

7

What is a Privateer?

A pirate with a licence from a monarch

8

What were Pirates looking for in the Caribbean?

Spanish gold shipments

9

Martin Luther's revolution against the Roman Catholic Pope was called the ____.

Reformation

10

Lutherans were called ____ by the Pope.

Heretics

11

The breaking of ties between the King and the church in Rome leads to an independent nation of _____.

England

12

____ being arrested in the 1650s leads to a Civil War in England by the 1660s.

Puritans

13

He led Parliament's army during England's Civil War.

Oliver Cromwell

14

He led the king's army of Cavaliers during England's Civil War.

King Charles I

15

After the death of Oliver Cromwell, English nobility ask for a Restoration of the monarchy under King ____.

King Charles II

16

____ was the first attempt to have an English settlement on the coast of North America in the 1580s but it fails.

Roanoke Island

17

This was the first permanent English colony in present day United States

Jamestown, Va.

18

Native American Indian group in colonial Virginia

Powhatan

19

Indians, diseases, starvation, work policies, gentlemen settlers were all troubles at ___.

Jamestown, Va.

20

Maryland established a ____ act allowing all types of Christian beliefs to settle in the colony.

Toleration Act

21

Maryland encouraged this religious group to settle within its boundaries.

Catholics

22

In the 1670s, Charles Town became the primary settlement in this English colony.

South Carolina

23

This colony was considered the backwater country of Virginia with few direct sea harbors.

North Carolina

24

This colony was established by James Oglethorpe for debtors.

Georgia

25

List the five New England territories.

Massachusetts
Rhode Island
Connecticut
New Hampshire
Maine

26

What company was established to found Jamestown in Virginia?

London Company

27

What company was established to found a colony in New England?

Massachusetts Bay Company

28

What Indian helped out the first settlers in Plymouth, Mass.

Squanto

29

____ established a covenant community at Plymouth, Mass.

Mayflower Compact

30

Boston was the primary settlement for the ____ in Massachusetts.

Puritans

31

This war led to the ultimate annihilation of the Native American Indians in New England.

King Phillip's War

32

Roger Williams establishes this colony for religious freedom from Puritan rules.

Rhode Island and Providence Plantation

33

Who established the Connecticut colony

Thomas Hooker at Hartford, Conn.

34

____ becomes the first official written constitution of any English colony.

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

35

List the four Middle Colonies.

New York
New Jersey
Pennsylvania
Delaware

36

What European nation first settled in Manhattan?

The Netherlands or Dutch

37

Who was the first significant leader of Dutch New Netherlands?

Peter Stuyvesant

38

By the 1660s, New Netherlands is captured by the English and renamed ____.

New York

39

William Penn established a treaty with the ____ in order to start his colony of Pennsylvania.

Leeni Lenape

40

William Penn encouraged ____ to move to his Pennsylvania colnoly

Quakers

41

This city becomes the center of William Penn's colony, the so called "City of Brotherly Love"

Phladelphia

42

The "Lower Counties of Pennsylvania" becomes known as the colony of ____.

Delaware

43

This was the first Spanish government in the Western Hemisphere.

Council of the Indies

44

____ was the Spanish ruling classes in their colonies.

Hildalgos

45

____ were established in Spanish colonies to Christianize native American Indians.

Catholic missions

46

The ____ was the center of most Spanish settlements and provided protection from invading or warring enemies.

Presideos

47

This was the royal road that stretched up the Pacific Coast in the Spanish colonies like California

El Camino Real

48

He was the Spanish Conquistador of the Inca in Peru

Francisco Pizzaro

49

He was the conqueror of the Aztec in Mexico.

Heran Cortez

50

Tenochtitlan was the capital of the ___ empire.

Aztec Empire

51

Weapons, strategy, tactics and ____ were all central to European domination over Native American Indian Empires.

diseases

52

This is the title of Spanish commanders of the military expeditions to defeat Native American Indian Empires.

Conquistadors