Chapter 5-Creating a Constitution Flashcards Preview

Mr. Harrell > Chapter 5-Creating a Constitution > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5-Creating a Constitution Deck (34):
1

How many branches of government did the Articles of Confederation government have?

one

2

Articles of Confederation government could make treaties, declare war, and raise armies but could not _____

Pay for anything because it had no power to directly tax.

3

Articles of Confederation government could not ______ so each state started taxing their own imports.

regular commerce

4

Articles of Confederation government could not ____ so each state had their own currency.

Print money

5

Articles of Confederation government's only success was the ____.

Northwest Ordance

6

the territory of the Old Northwest excluded any rights of ______ to become established there.

Slavery

7

Northwest Ordnance established a process where new states would _____.

be created in equality with the original states.

8

Who was acting as a foreign minister to France during the crisis of the Articles of Confederation government?

Thomas Jefferson

9

This was caused by the Massachusetts legislature raising taxes and the Confederation government having no authority to suppress it.

Shay's Rebellion

10

The first attempt to revise the governmental plan was suppose to meet in ____ but not enough states sent representatives.

Annapolis, Maryland

11

What one state does not show for the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787?

Rhode Island

12

Who was elected chairman of the Constitutional Convention?

George Washington

13

To avoid public criticism of the Constitutional Convention, _____ was required of all delegates.

Secret negotiations

14

____ takes notes during the Constitutional Convention and thus is seem by many as the Father of the Constitution.

James Madison

15

Who signed the Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, and The Constitution?

Benjamin Franklin

16

What were the two plans presented at the Constitutional Convention?

Virginia Plan
New Jersey Plan

17

This plan of government favored the large states.

Virginia Plan

18

This plan of government only slightly altered the Articles of Confederation to allow taxation.

New Jersey Plan

19

Who proposed the New Jersey plan.

Patterson

20

Who proposed the Virginia Plan.

Madison

21

List four compromises found in the new Constitution of 1787.

Federalism
Great Compromise
Three Fifths Compromise
Amendment process

22

This is when both state and national levels of government share powers.

Federalism

23

Sherman's Connecticut Compromise established the ____ based on population and the ____ based on equal representation for each state.

House of Representative-based on population
Senate-based on two senators per state

24

What compromise centered on slavery.

Three Fifths Compromise

25

In the amendment process, _____ of Congress must pass amendments and ____ of the states must ratify them to become part of the Constitution.

2/3 of Congress
3/4 of the States

26

list the three branches of government and their primary responsibilities as outlined by the Constitution.

Legislative-Writes the Law
Executive-Enforces the Law
Judicial-Interprets the Law

27

What body makes up each branch of government?

Legislative-Congress
Executive-Office of the President
Judicial-Supreme Court

28

What are two checks that the Legislative Branch have on the other branches of government?

Over ride a veto
impeaches judges and president

29

What are two checks that the Executive Branch have on the other branches of government?

Vetoes laws
appoints judges

30

What are two checks that the Judaical Branch have on the other branches of government?

appointed for life and cannot be removed
rejects laws as unconstitutional

31

List five Federalists

George Washington
James Madison
John Jay
James Madison
Alexander Hamilton

32

List five Anti-Federalists

George Mason
Patrick Henry
Thomas Jefferson

33

Most Anti-Federalists were from what part of the country?

Western farmers

34

Anti-Federalists refused to accept the New Constitution of 1787 unless there was a ____.

Bill of Rights attached.