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Flashcards in chapter 8-Spirit of Reform Deck (43):
1

In politics, when the party leaders choose candidates they hold a ____ in secret.

Party caucus

2

In politics, when there are large open meetings to choose candidates, they hold a _____.

Party Convention

3

Andrew Jackson _____ political participation by opening politics for the common man.

increased political participation

4

Andrew Jackson was staunchly against the _____ and took federal deposit to state banks.

2nd Bank of the United States

5

Andrew Jackson's bank policies will lead to an economic collapse called _____.

The Panic of 1837

6

Andrew Jackson chooses party loyalists for government jobs in what is termed ____.

The Spoils System

7

Andrew Jackson's Indian policy included moving many Indian tribes to ____ during the _____.

Oklahoma along the Trail of Tears

8

The Gag Rule in Congress was instituted to stop the debates centering on ______.

Abolition of slavery

9

When South Carolina threatens to secede, Andrew Jackson used the ____ to stop them.

Force Bill

10

The Tariff of Abominations caused South Carolina to ____ the law and starts a crisis over states rights.

Nullify

11

Who was the leader of the South Carolina Nullifiers?

John C. Calhoun

12

The ____ immigrants were almost always poor, uneducated, and catholic during the early 1800s.

Irish immigrants

13

The ____ immigrants were usually protestant, educated, and with some money to start their lives over again in America during the early 1800s.

German immigrants

14

The anti-immigrant feelings led to the ____ movement in America in the mid-1800s.

nativism

15

The Anti-immigrant political movement of the mid-1800s was called the _____ party.

American Party

16

This was a religious revival of the early 1800s.

Second Great Awakening

17

According to the beliefs of the Second Great Awakening, who was to fix societal problems in the early 1800s.

Christians

18

Who was one preacher of the Second Great Awakening?

Charles Finney

19

This religious movement was led by Joseph Smith and Brigham Young.

Mormonism

20

Lyman Beecher believed that _____ should help to build a better society.

Christian religion

21

A feeling of spiritualism, individualism, and ebracing of nature was center in this literary movement in the mid-1800s.

Romanticism

22

Who was an important Romanticist writer.

Emily Dickinson

23

List two utopian societies

Shakers
Millerites

24

The beauty of the universe and an inner light was the center of the ____ literaty movement

Transcendentalism

25

Who was one of the leading Transcendentalist?

Ralph Waldo Emerson

26

What was the mass media called of the mid-1800s that spread news to the common people?

Penny Press

27

List five reform movements of the mid-1800s.

Prisons
Education
Women's rights
Temperance
Slavery

28

To get rid of alcohol from society was called ____ in the mid-1800s.

Temperance

29

Where was the center of the Women's rights movement in the mid-1800s?

Seneca Falls, NY

30

List three women predominant in the Women's conference at Seneca Fall, NY

Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Lucretia Mott
Mary Lyon

31

List two leading advocates of better public education.

Wiley
Horace Mann

32

What was the greatest evil dark spot on society in the mid-1800s.

slavery

33

To get of slavery, the ____ movement was created.

abolitionist movement

34

To get of slavery slowly over time is called ______.

Gradual abolition

35

Who was the founder of the New England Anti-Slavery Society?

William Lloyd Garrison

36

The Back to Africa movement established many Colonization societies that encouraged freed slaves to move to what would become the country of ____ in West Africa>

Liberia

37

What was William Lloyd Garrison's newspaper called?

The Liberator

38

List five Abolitionists

Lyman Beecher
Frederick Douglass
Elijah Lovejoy
Sojourner Truth
David Walker

39

The first Abolitionists were primarily ____

New England preachers

40

The immediate freedom for slaves is called ___

Emancipation

41

What slave rebellion frightened many whites throughout the southern states in the 1830s?

Nat Turner's rebellion

42

Who had a printing press destroyed and life threatened in Illinois because he printed abolitionist ideas?

Elijah Lovejoy

43

Who was a leading African American abolitionist and run away slave?

Frederick Douglass