Chapter 19-World War I Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19-World War I Deck (59):
1

This led to conflicts by the major European powers over the issue of colonies.

imperialism

2

List the three Triple Alliance nations of Europe before World War I

Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary

3

List the three Triple Entente nations of Europe before World War I

Russia, France, Great Britain

4

An arms buildup between the great powers during the 1800s is called this.

militarism

5

Independence movements caused by _________ was widespread in Eastern and Central Europe during the early years of the 1900s.

nationalism

6

List the six European Allied Powers as World War I continued.

Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Serbia, Belgium

7

List the four primary Central Powers as World War I continued.

Germany, Austria, Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria

8

Who assassinated the Arch Duke of Austria?

Princip

9

What organization did G. Princip belong to when he assassinated Franz Ferdinand?

Black Hand

10

Which country was blamed for the assassination of Franz Ferdinand?

Serbia

11

How long did it take for Europe to declare war among the major powers after the assassination of Franz Ferdinand?

two weeks

12

Most of the fighting battlefields in Europe was either located in _______ or _______ during World War I

France or Russia

13

What was Germany's plan to invade and conquer France and then turn and defeat Russia called?

Schieffen Plan

14

What type of warfare was most common during World War I?

Trench warfare

15

What was the area between the opposing lines called during World War I?

No-man's land

16

Name four battles in Northern France and Belgium during World War I

Ypes, Verdun, Pashendale, Somme

17

Identify five new technologies used during World War I to cause death and destruction

huge artillery, oison gas, airplanes, machine guns, dreadnaughts

18

Which two Mexicans were fighting during the civil war waging in that country in the early 1900s?

Huerta and Villa

19

Who led and raid on Columbus, New Mexico thus leading to US involvement in the issues in Mexico?

Pancho Villa

20

Who led the US retaliatory Punitive Expedition in to Mexico in 1916?

Gen. John Pershing

21

Pancho Villa leads a raid into the US at ____

Columbus NM

22

The Tsar of Russia is overthrown by a democratic revolution led by _______ but it fails to obtain a lasting peace in Russia.

Alexander Kerensky.

23

The Germans will send _____ into Russia to begin a civil war and hopefully lead to Russia's withdrawing from World War I.

Lenin

24

Woodrow Wilson claimed that the war was to _____

Keep the World Safe for Democracy

25

This ship was sunk by U-boats in 1915

Lusitania

26

The Germans promised not to sink unarmed passenger ships with their U-boats with their _____

Sussex Pledge

27

Unrestricted ______ warfare was launched in 1917.

submarine

28

Germany assured Mexico that if they were to ally with Germany and attack the US, then Mexico could regain the Mexican Session lands after Germany were to win the war with their _______.

Zimmerman Note

29

He declared when landing in France in 1917, "Lafayette, we are here!"

John Pershing

30

This was the biggest battle in US history.

The Meuse-Argonne offensive

31

This is celebrated on November 11, 1918

Armistice Day

32

He led the War Industries Board to get labor and business to work together for the war effort.

Benard Baruch

33

To fund the war the US used these three things.

Income taxes, liberty bonds, and victory bonds

34

He led the Food Administration

Herbert Hoover

35

Herbert Hoover planned to save food with ____ and ___.

Meatless Mondays and Wheat-less Wednesdays

36

Harry Garfield instituted daylight savings time with the _____

Fuel Administration

37

The Committee of Public Information used _____ to promote war goals and promote propaganda

posters

38

The ______ Act started the first nationwide draft of soldiers or conscription

Selective Service

39

These people served as navy clerks and to a larger extent as industrial workers.

women

40

African Americans moved in large numbers from their southern homeland to many northern cities for war industries during and following World War I during the _______.

Great Migration

41

These African American soldiers were decorated by their French leaders for gallantry in battle.

Harlem Hell Raisers or 369th Infantry

42

This ship mysteriously exploded in New York harbor in 1916 with some type of sabotage.

Black Tom

43

He was a socialist and anti-war protester who was jailed after he violated the Espionage and Sedition acts.

Eugene V. Debs

44

Woodrow Wilson called for a fair peace with this _____

14 Points

45

The 14th point of Wilson's plan for peace included the _____

League of Nations

46

This treaty ended the First World War

Treaty of Versailles

47

This European/Asian Empire dissolves following WW I.

Ottoman Empire

48

This Central and Eastern European empire breaks up into many different countries following WW I

Austrian-Hungarian Empire

49

This country falls into a civil war following WW I

Russia

50

Prices rise following WW I and is called _____

inflation

51

Strikes and the fear of communists and anarchists lead to the _____ in the 1920s.

Red Scare

52

The steel strike in this American city leads to union recognition, higher pay, shorter hours but also turns violent.

Gary, Indiana

53

In Boston the ____ go on strike following WW I in the early 1920s leading to other general strikes throughout the nation.

police department

54

He spread fear of May Day riots led by communists in the early 1920s which only caused fear and no real communist threat.

A. Richard Palmer

55

Racial issues lead to race riots across the country starting in _______ at a whites only beach.

Chicago, Illinios

56

He wanted to return the county to an area of "normalcy" and abandon racial, economic, and political turmoil which seem to embrace the nation in the early 1920s.

Warren G. Harding

57

This picture is best describing:

Q image thumb

No Man's Land, the battlefields between the trenches of World War I

58

How did this new technology lead to America's entry into World War I?

Q image thumb

Uboats began increasingly sinking neutral shipping including American ships.  Most famous sinking was the Lustitania drowning a significant number of Americans.

59

Why would this graphic NOT be suitable for the United States' entry into world conflict before 1917?

Q image thumb

Unitl 1917, Russia with its Tsar was not a democracy like the other Allied Powers...Only with the Tsar's overthrow and Russia embracing a temporary, though futitle attempt, with democratic government could Woodrow Wilson truly claim the war was fro Democracy's Triumph over the "Old Worlds" monachies and emporers.