Chapter 12-Reconstruction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12-Reconstruction Deck (40):
1

following the Civil War, the south was physically rebuilt and socially restructured during the ____ Era

Reconstruction Era

2

The _____ bill was vetoed by Lincoln because is was a very harsh Reconstruction bill.

Wade-Davis bill

3

Any and all ex-_______ would be forbidden the right to vote by the Wade-Davis bill.

ex-confederates

4

His Reconstruction plan was very lenient.

Lincoln's plan

5

the three parts of Lincoln's Reconstruction plan included:

Slaves emancipation
10% loyalty oaths
Pardoned ex-confederates regains power

6

Lincoln's Reconstruction plan fails because ___.

Lincoln is shot and killed by John Wilkes Booth

7

____ Reconstruction plan punished the rich ex-confederates but otherwise was very lenient.

Andrew Johnson's Plan

8

_____ soon surfaced in many southern states during Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction Plan

Black codes

9

_____ caused a governmental crisis revolving around the Tenure of Office Act

Edwin Stanton

10

Andrew Johnson was ____ by the Radical Republicans.

impeached but not removed from office

11

_____ lost all political power to the Radical Republicans after his impeachment.

Andrew Johnson

12

The Radicals Plan for Reconstruction was ____

very harsh.

13

The _____ freed all slaves in the United States in 1865.

13th Amendment

14

The ____ granted citizenship and equal treatment to freed slaves during Reconstruction.

14th Amendment

15

The _____ was the military occupation of the South by the Union Army during Reconstruction.

Military Reconstruction act

16

The Radicals forced the southern states to eliminate ____ from their laws during Reconstruction.

Black Codes

17

The _____ promised 40 acres and a mule for recently freed slaves.

Freedman's Bureau

18

To pay for Reconstruction, many ____ taxes were established.

Sin taxes

19

______ were established by many southern states for the first time during Reconstruction.

Public schools

20

______ controlled many southern legislatures during Reconstruction.

Black Republicans

21

The Secret ____ rose in power throughout the South during Reconstruction.

Ku Klux Klan

22

By 1877, _______ comes to a close throughout most southern states.

Radical Reconstruction

23

___ and ____ run for president in 1868,

Grant and Seymour

24

List two scandals during Grant's presidency.

Colfax's Credit Mobilier Scandal
Belknap army contractor Scandal

25

Graft is another name for _____.

Corruption and scandal

26

The Ku Klux Klan is effectively neutralized by the ____.

Enforcement Acts

27

The Liberal Republicans support _____ for president in 1872.

Horace Greeley

28

Over speculation in railroads and the failure of Cooke & Co. led to the ____.

Panic of 1873.

29

The Compromise of 1877 between ___ and ____ will effectively end Reconstruction.

Rutherford Hayes and Samuel Tilden

30

Who wins the election of 1876 but does not become president.

Samuel Tilden

31

Who loses the election of 1876 but becomes president anyways?

Rutherford B. Hayes

32

Who "Redeems" the South following the end of Reconstruction?

Democrats become known as Redeemers

33

In 1877, Rutherford B. Hayes orders the ____ back to their barracks effectively ending reconstruction.

Union Troops.

34

slavery will be replaced following the Civil War with the ____ system.

share-cropping system

35

____ are used to keep poor freedmen in a state of near slavery.

crop liens

36

white southerners who cooperate with the Radical Republicans are called ___

Scalawags

37

many scalawags are _____ who are seen as traitors to their class.

white small time farmers

38

many northern opportunists called ____ came to the South during Reconstruction to make easy money.

Carpetbaggers

39

The new south would rely on _____ in the cotton industry.

industrializing

40

Following the Civil War, many freedmen will break from their white neighbors and establish ____

Their own churches and communities.