Chapter 6-Federalists and Republicans Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6-Federalists and Republicans Deck (52):
1

Who was the first Supreme Court Justice?

John Jay

2

Who was the first secretary of war?

Henry Knox

3

Who was the first secretary of the Treasury?

Alexander Hamilton

4

Who was the first secretary of state?

Thomas Jefferson

5

Who was the first Attorney General?

Edmund Randolph

6

Who was the first president of the United States?

George Washington

7

What was the first order of business for Washington' government?

Pass a Bill of Rights

8

What does the first 8 of 10 amendments deal with?

protecting the rights of citizens

9

What is the right expressed in amendment #10

States rights

10

In 1793, an popular uprising in Western Pennsylvania called _______ protested taxing powers.

Whiskey Rebellion

11

What did George Washington do during the Whiskey Rebellion that previous governments could not do such as during Shay's Rebellion?

Washington sent troops into the region and suppressed the rebellion.

12

These are powers specifically written into the words of the Constitution.

Enumerated powers

13

These are powers not specifically written but are assumed to be powers of any government.

implied powers

14

list three enumerated powers of government.

raise army
regulate commerce
set standard weights and measures
tax
make treaties

15

list three implied powers

establish a bank to put tax deposits
borrow money
promote general welfare

16

Hamilton's compromise with Jefferson in order to follow his government funding plan included locating ______ and establishing a ____.

the capitol city in the south (D.C.)
bank of the United States (New York)

17

Peace and trade with England included a treaty negotiated by ____

John Jay

18

Peace and navigation of Mississippi River by both the US and Spain included a treaty negotiated by _____.

Charles Pinckney

19

This was an international scandal involving bribes demanded by French officials.

XYZ Affair nearly leads to war with France.

20

The _____ and _____ laws were attempts by John Adams to maintain control over the government but instead back fired.

Alien and Sedition Acts

21

What did George Washington warn Americans about at the end of his presidency?

Avoid entangling treaties with Europe.

22

What statements were written by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in response to Adam's Alien and Sedition Acts?

Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

23

What was the essence of the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions?

States could nullify laws which they believed were unconstitutional.

24

What is the significance of the Election of 1800.

Adams lost, Jefferson won, peaceful transition of power from one party to the other.

25

Who was involved in a personal duel between the opposing political leaders?

Hamilton vs. Burr Duel

26

What is the significance of Marbury vs. Madison?

Supreme court has judicial review power

27

Which supreme court judge was impeached (though not removed) because he was too political?

Samuel Chase

28

What did Thomas Jefferson do as president that he did not believe he had the power to do. although he did it anyway?

bought Louisiana from Napoleon.

29

Who was the naturalist that explored Louisiana for Thomas Jefferson

Meriwether Lewis

30

Who was the military leader of the Corps of Discovery?

William Clarke

31

What river did the Corps of Discovery head west on during their exploration?

Missouri River

32

Who was the Shoshone guide that helped the Corps of Discovery?

Sacagawea

33

This was Thomas Jefferson's attempt to halt all trade with warring Europe.

Embargo Act fails because it only hurts New England shippers.

34

This was Thomas Jefferson's attempt to avoid trading with warring European powers.

Non-Intercourse Act fails.

35

What were the names of the two parties that began in the early 1800s?

Federalists
Jeffersonian Republicans

36

List three Federalists

George Washington
John Adams
Alexander Hamilton

37

List three Republicans

Thomas Jefferson
George Mason
James Madison

38

Where was the power base for the Federalists?

New England states

39

What was the power base for the Republicans?

Southern and western states

40

How did the Federalists see national power?

stronger national power

41

How did the Republicans see national power?

weaker national power, stronger state powers

42

What was the two major causes behind the War of 1812?

Impressing American sailors by the British
National honor as US territory was still occupied by British and their Indian allies

43

What was the most significant naval battle of the War of 1812?

Put-in-Bay on Lake Erie

44

Who was the naval hero of the War of 1812?

Perry on Lake Erie

45

What was the British naval strategy during the War of 1812?

Naval blockade of all shipping on eastern seaboard

46

What city was raided and burned by the British in August 1814?

Washington D.C.

47

What is the significance of Baltimore in 1814?

Site of Ft. McHenry and the Star Spangled Banner

48

What was the last and largest battle of the War of 1812?

New Orleans

49

Who became famous at the battle for New Orleans in 1814?

Andrew Jackson

50

What did the Americans use at New Orleans that increase their chance for success in the battle?

cotton bales for entrenchment

51

Just as the last battle of the War of 1812 was occurring, Federalists were attempting a shameful peace at the _____.

Hartford Convention

52

The treaty of _____ ends the War of 1812 with few issues resolved.

Treaty of Ghent