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Flashcards in Chapter 6-Federalists and Republicans Deck (52)
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1

Who was the first Supreme Court Justice?

John Jay

2

Who was the first secretary of war?

Henry Knox

3

Who was the first secretary of the Treasury?

Alexander Hamilton

4

Who was the first secretary of state?

Thomas Jefferson

5

Who was the first Attorney General?

Edmund Randolph

6

Who was the first president of the United States?

George Washington

7

What was the first order of business for Washington' government?

Pass a Bill of Rights

8

What does the first 8 of 10 amendments deal with?

protecting the rights of citizens

9

What is the right expressed in amendment #10

States rights

10

In 1793, an popular uprising in Western Pennsylvania called _______ protested taxing powers.

Whiskey Rebellion

11

What did George Washington do during the Whiskey Rebellion that previous governments could not do such as during Shay's Rebellion?

Washington sent troops into the region and suppressed the rebellion.

12

These are powers specifically written into the words of the Constitution.

Enumerated powers

13

These are powers not specifically written but are assumed to be powers of any government.

implied powers

14

list three enumerated powers of government.

raise army
regulate commerce
set standard weights and measures
tax
make treaties

15

list three implied powers

establish a bank to put tax deposits
borrow money
promote general welfare

16

Hamilton's compromise with Jefferson in order to follow his government funding plan included locating ______ and establishing a ____.

the capitol city in the south (D.C.)
bank of the United States (New York)

17

Peace and trade with England included a treaty negotiated by ____

John Jay

18

Peace and navigation of Mississippi River by both the US and Spain included a treaty negotiated by _____.

Charles Pinckney

19

This was an international scandal involving bribes demanded by French officials.

XYZ Affair nearly leads to war with France.

20

The _____ and _____ laws were attempts by John Adams to maintain control over the government but instead back fired.

Alien and Sedition Acts

21

What did George Washington warn Americans about at the end of his presidency?

Avoid entangling treaties with Europe.

22

What statements were written by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in response to Adam's Alien and Sedition Acts?

Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

23

What was the essence of the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions?

States could nullify laws which they believed were unconstitutional.

24

What is the significance of the Election of 1800.

Adams lost, Jefferson won, peaceful transition of power from one party to the other.

25

Who was involved in a personal duel between the opposing political leaders?

Hamilton vs. Burr Duel

26

What is the significance of Marbury vs. Madison?

Supreme court has judicial review power

27

Which supreme court judge was impeached (though not removed) because he was too political?

Samuel Chase

28

What did Thomas Jefferson do as president that he did not believe he had the power to do. although he did it anyway?

bought Louisiana from Napoleon.

29

Who was the naturalist that explored Louisiana for Thomas Jefferson

Meriwether Lewis

30

Who was the military leader of the Corps of Discovery?

William Clarke