Flashcards in Chapter 6-Federalists and Republicans Deck (52)
Who was the first Supreme Court Justice?
Who was the first secretary of war?
Who was the first secretary of the Treasury?
Who was the first secretary of state?
Who was the first Attorney General?
Who was the first president of the United States?
What was the first order of business for Washington' government?
Pass a Bill of Rights
What does the first 8 of 10 amendments deal with?
protecting the rights of citizens
What is the right expressed in amendment #10
In 1793, an popular uprising in Western Pennsylvania called _______ protested taxing powers.
What did George Washington do during the Whiskey Rebellion that previous governments could not do such as during Shay's Rebellion?
Washington sent troops into the region and suppressed the rebellion.
These are powers specifically written into the words of the Constitution.
These are powers not specifically written but are assumed to be powers of any government.
list three enumerated powers of government.
set standard weights and measures
list three implied powers
establish a bank to put tax deposits
promote general welfare
Hamilton's compromise with Jefferson in order to follow his government funding plan included locating ______ and establishing a ____.
the capitol city in the south (D.C.)
bank of the United States (New York)
Peace and trade with England included a treaty negotiated by ____
Peace and navigation of Mississippi River by both the US and Spain included a treaty negotiated by _____.
This was an international scandal involving bribes demanded by French officials.
XYZ Affair nearly leads to war with France.
The _____ and _____ laws were attempts by John Adams to maintain control over the government but instead back fired.
Alien and Sedition Acts
What did George Washington warn Americans about at the end of his presidency?
Avoid entangling treaties with Europe.
What statements were written by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in response to Adam's Alien and Sedition Acts?
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
What was the essence of the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions?
States could nullify laws which they believed were unconstitutional.
What is the significance of the Election of 1800.
Adams lost, Jefferson won, peaceful transition of power from one party to the other.
Who was involved in a personal duel between the opposing political leaders?
Hamilton vs. Burr Duel
What is the significance of Marbury vs. Madison?
Supreme court has judicial review power
Which supreme court judge was impeached (though not removed) because he was too political?
What did Thomas Jefferson do as president that he did not believe he had the power to do. although he did it anyway?
bought Louisiana from Napoleon.
Who was the naturalist that explored Louisiana for Thomas Jefferson
Who was the military leader of the Corps of Discovery?
What river did the Corps of Discovery head west on during their exploration?
Who was the Shoshone guide that helped the Corps of Discovery?
This was Thomas Jefferson's attempt to halt all trade with warring Europe.
Embargo Act fails because it only hurts New England shippers.
This was Thomas Jefferson's attempt to avoid trading with warring European powers.
Non-Intercourse Act fails.
What were the names of the two parties that began in the early 1800s?
List three Federalists
List three Republicans
Where was the power base for the Federalists?
New England states
What was the power base for the Republicans?
Southern and western states
How did the Federalists see national power?
stronger national power
How did the Republicans see national power?
weaker national power, stronger state powers
What was the two major causes behind the War of 1812?
Impressing American sailors by the British
National honor as US territory was still occupied by British and their Indian allies
What was the most significant naval battle of the War of 1812?
Put-in-Bay on Lake Erie
Who was the naval hero of the War of 1812?
Perry on Lake Erie
What was the British naval strategy during the War of 1812?
Naval blockade of all shipping on eastern seaboard
What city was raided and burned by the British in August 1814?
What is the significance of Baltimore in 1814?
Site of Ft. McHenry and the Star Spangled Banner
What was the last and largest battle of the War of 1812?
Who became famous at the battle for New Orleans in 1814?
What did the Americans use at New Orleans that increase their chance for success in the battle?
cotton bales for entrenchment
Just as the last battle of the War of 1812 was occurring, Federalists were attempting a shameful peace at the _____.