Flashcards in Year review 2015 Deck (53):
Europeans first contact with Native Americans resulted in these three interactions.
This colony welcomed Quakers.
The difficult journey experienced by African slaves from their capture in Africa to the unfamiliar circumstances in the Americas is called ____.
The Middle Passage
Overthrowing government and setting up a new one better to the people's needs is a basic idea included in the Declaration of Independence and expressed by the enlightened thinker
Virginia's cash crop that promised economic success.
The Pilgrim's Covenant community in Massachusetts was based on rules as outlined by ____.
The Mayflower Compact
Equality for all before God no matter how rich or poor a person was is the basis of ___
The Great Awakening of the mid 1700s.
The pamphlet with the idea of independence from rule by Great Britain published in 1776 is called ____.
Common Sense by Thomas Paine
Author of the Declaration of Independence is ___
The _____ allied with the American Patriots during the U.S. Revolution
Slaves would be counted as three-fifths of a person for representation and taxation purposes in ____
The 3/5th compromise of the Constitution
The ______ as seen by Montesquieu was embraced by the Constitution separation of powers so that no single branch of the government would become too powerful
Checks and Balances
___ is seen as the father of the Virginia Plan and as "Father of the Constitution"
Its primary purpose as defined by the Constitution was to enforce the laws.
Executive Branch headed by the President
The ______ election marked the first peaceful transition of political power from one political party to another.
Adams/Jefferson 1800 Election
Extending American control from the Atlantic to the Pacific was the basis of the idea of ____.
The US warned European nations not to interfere or intervene in the Western Hemisphere in 1823 with the ____.
Gathering and recording information about the Louisiana Purchase's natural resources was the purpose for _____ explorations in 1804.
Lewis and Clark
Who were William Lloyd Garrison's devoted followers?
Abolitionists who wanted to do away with slavery
The state of ____ would become a free state according to the Compromise of 1850.
California would become a free state.
Many northerners were appalled and angered by slavery when they read _____.
Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
What are three events of Andrew Jackson's presidency?
Trail of Tears
At the beginning of the Civil War, what was Lincoln's primary goal?
To preserve the Union from a break up
Allowing African American voting was the purpose of which Amendment?
Just prior to World War I, many _____ came to the United States.
Immigrants from South and East Europe about 1904-1914.
Ellis Island in the port of ____ was the primary landing area for immigrants between 1885-1914.
New York City's Ellis Island
The _____ opened the western territories for wide spread settlement in the 1860s-1900s.
Homestead Act opened the west for settlement.
Discouraging government regulation of business is the essence and central point of ____ economics
____ perfected the assembly line for automobiles.
____ perfected the light bulb for consurmers
____ perfected the powered airplane
_____ were journalists who exposed the abuses of corruption in business and politics
List three events tied to the Spanish American War of 1898.
Annexing Puerto Rico
Fighting in Cuba
USS Maine Explosion
List three locations annexed in the 1890s during American Imperialism.
What was Woodrow Wilson's justification for US involvement in World War I?
To make the world safe for democracy
Peoples' bank savings accounts would be protected with the ____ as part of Roosevelt's New Deal Programs
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
US direct involvement in World War II started with ____
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
To end World War II quickly with few casualties, Harry Truman decided to use the ____ on Japan.
____ was the symbol of the woman war worker during World War II.
Rosie the Riviter
Which country placed nuclear missiles in Cuba to threaten the US with in 1962?
The credit for creating the Panama Canal is given to which US president?
Woodrow Wilson's most important parts of the 14 points were ___, ____, ___,
Freedom of the Seas
Colonial Self Determination
League of Nations
Many people were homeless, unemployed, experienced mass farm bankruptcies, and many bank closings during the ____.
conserving resources to produce war materials and to foster a sense of home front patriotism during World War II were all reasons for ____ by the US government.
rationing and scrap drives
During the Cold War, the Soviets dominated territory behind the Iron Curtain in ___
Communist Eastern Europe
This was to supply western Europe economic aid following World War II.
revolutions in China and Vietnam along with the Hiss/Rosenberg spy rings and nuclear weapon testing by the Soviets led to a fear of _____ in the United States
fear of a communism
This was a military alliance to resist soviet expansion in Europe.
This was Nixon's plan to allow the Vietnamese to fight their own war rather than American soldiers
List three events that led to opposition to the Vietnam War.
My Lai Massacre
Kent State shootings
Bombing of Cambodia and Laos
He believed in taking a tough stance against the Soviets, building up nuclear and conventional military forces, and challenged the morality of the Soviets.
Plessy v. Ferguson's Separate but equal doctrine was overturned by the Supreme Court's ____ ruling.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas