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Flashcards in Year review 2015 Deck (53):
1

Europeans first contact with Native Americans resulted in these three interactions.

new diseases
new crops
new livestock

2

This colony welcomed Quakers.

Pennsylvania

3

The difficult journey experienced by African slaves from their capture in Africa to the unfamiliar circumstances in the Americas is called ____.

The Middle Passage

4

Overthrowing government and setting up a new one better to the people's needs is a basic idea included in the Declaration of Independence and expressed by the enlightened thinker

John Locke

5

Virginia's cash crop that promised economic success.

tobacco

6

The Pilgrim's Covenant community in Massachusetts was based on rules as outlined by ____.

The Mayflower Compact

7

Equality for all before God no matter how rich or poor a person was is the basis of ___

The Great Awakening of the mid 1700s.

8

The pamphlet with the idea of independence from rule by Great Britain published in 1776 is called ____.

Common Sense by Thomas Paine

9

Author of the Declaration of Independence is ___

Thomas Jefferson

10

The _____ allied with the American Patriots during the U.S. Revolution

France

11

Slaves would be counted as three-fifths of a person for representation and taxation purposes in ____

The 3/5th compromise of the Constitution

12

The ______ as seen by Montesquieu was embraced by the Constitution separation of powers so that no single branch of the government would become too powerful

Checks and Balances

13

___ is seen as the father of the Virginia Plan and as "Father of the Constitution"

James Madison

14

Its primary purpose as defined by the Constitution was to enforce the laws.

Executive Branch headed by the President

15

The ______ election marked the first peaceful transition of political power from one political party to another.

Adams/Jefferson 1800 Election

16

Extending American control from the Atlantic to the Pacific was the basis of the idea of ____.

Manifest Destiny

17

The US warned European nations not to interfere or intervene in the Western Hemisphere in 1823 with the ____.

Monroe Doctrine

18

Gathering and recording information about the Louisiana Purchase's natural resources was the purpose for _____ explorations in 1804.

Lewis and Clark

19

Who were William Lloyd Garrison's devoted followers?

Abolitionists who wanted to do away with slavery

20

The state of ____ would become a free state according to the Compromise of 1850.

California would become a free state.

21

Many northerners were appalled and angered by slavery when they read _____.

Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe

22

What are three events of Andrew Jackson's presidency?

Trail of Tears
Nullification Crisis
Spoils System

23

At the beginning of the Civil War, what was Lincoln's primary goal?

To preserve the Union from a break up

24

Allowing African American voting was the purpose of which Amendment?

15th Amendment

25

Just prior to World War I, many _____ came to the United States.

Immigrants from South and East Europe about 1904-1914.

26

Ellis Island in the port of ____ was the primary landing area for immigrants between 1885-1914.

New York City's Ellis Island

27

The _____ opened the western territories for wide spread settlement in the 1860s-1900s.

Homestead Act opened the west for settlement.

28

Discouraging government regulation of business is the essence and central point of ____ economics

Laissez-Faire Capitalism

29

____ perfected the assembly line for automobiles.

Henry Ford

30

____ perfected the light bulb for consurmers

Thomas Edison

31

____ perfected the powered airplane

Wright Brothers

32

_____ were journalists who exposed the abuses of corruption in business and politics

muckraking journalists

33

List three events tied to the Spanish American War of 1898.

Annexing Puerto Rico
Fighting in Cuba
USS Maine Explosion

34

List three locations annexed in the 1890s during American Imperialism.

Hawaii
Philippines
Puerto Rico

35

What was Woodrow Wilson's justification for US involvement in World War I?

To make the world safe for democracy

36

Peoples' bank savings accounts would be protected with the ____ as part of Roosevelt's New Deal Programs

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

37

US direct involvement in World War II started with ____

Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.

38

To end World War II quickly with few casualties, Harry Truman decided to use the ____ on Japan.

Atomic bomb

39

____ was the symbol of the woman war worker during World War II.

Rosie the Riviter

40

Which country placed nuclear missiles in Cuba to threaten the US with in 1962?

Soviet Union

41

The credit for creating the Panama Canal is given to which US president?

Theodore Roosevelt

42

Woodrow Wilson's most important parts of the 14 points were ___, ____, ___,

Freedom of the Seas
Colonial Self Determination
League of Nations

43

Many people were homeless, unemployed, experienced mass farm bankruptcies, and many bank closings during the ____.

Great Depression

44

conserving resources to produce war materials and to foster a sense of home front patriotism during World War II were all reasons for ____ by the US government.

rationing and scrap drives

45

During the Cold War, the Soviets dominated territory behind the Iron Curtain in ___

Communist Eastern Europe

46

This was to supply western Europe economic aid following World War II.

Marshall Plan

47

revolutions in China and Vietnam along with the Hiss/Rosenberg spy rings and nuclear weapon testing by the Soviets led to a fear of _____ in the United States

fear of a communism

48

This was a military alliance to resist soviet expansion in Europe.

NATO

49

This was Nixon's plan to allow the Vietnamese to fight their own war rather than American soldiers

Vietmanization

50

List three events that led to opposition to the Vietnam War.

My Lai Massacre
Kent State shootings
Bombing of Cambodia and Laos

51

He believed in taking a tough stance against the Soviets, building up nuclear and conventional military forces, and challenged the morality of the Soviets.

Ronald Reagan

52

Plessy v. Ferguson's Separate but equal doctrine was overturned by the Supreme Court's ____ ruling.

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas

53

During the March on Washington protest, Dr. King made his famous ____ speech

I Have a Dream speech