chapter 13-Settling the west Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in chapter 13-Settling the west Deck (34):
1

Before the Civil War, the area west of the 100 meridian was considered the ____.

Great American Desert

2

most settlement in the west was located ___.

along the railroads

3

Railroads received huge ______ from the government in order to raise money to build the train tracks.

Land Grants

4

many western settlers were enticed to move west by the government's ____

Homestead Act

5

Before local government was organized in western settlements, law and order was enforced by ____.

Vigilantes

6

The ____ industry would lead the way for settlements in the mountain west.

mining

7

____ mining was big business.

Quartz mining

8

lone prospectors operated small ____ mines.

Placer mines

9

The city of ____ became the supply depot for miners in the Rockies.

Denver City

10

What precious metal was found in Leadville, Colorado?

Silver

11

This was a huge silver find in Colorado?

Comstock Lode

12

The Great Plains' industry in the late 1800s was ____.

Ranching

13

Ex civil war soldiers, freedmen, Mexicans were all ____ of the West's Great Plains.

cowboys

14

The first _____ occurred along the cattle trail from Texas to Sedalia Missouri in 1866.

Long-drive of cattle

15

The most famous cattle trail of the west was the ___.

Chisholm Trail

16

The most famous of all the cow towns of Kansas was ___.

Abilene Kansas

17

Barbed Wire was used by ____ to keep cattle out of their crops.

wheat farmers

18

Ranchers relied on ____ to feed their cattle.

the open range

19

____ were conflicts between farmers and ranchers on the Great Plains in the 1870s.

Range Wars

20

The tools of the Great Plains dry farmers were :

steel plows
reapers
threshers

21

the problems of the Great Plains farmers were

intense summer heat
intense winter cold
prairie fires
insects devastating crops

22

the Great Plains became know as the ____ Belt

Wheat Belt

23

large commercial farms on the Great Plains were called ___

Bonanza Farms

24

the hunting ground and holy sites for many Indian tribes on the Great Plains was the ____ mountains.

Bighorn Mountains

25

The _____ massacre in southeast Colorado killed Black Kettle in 1864

Sand Creek Massacre

26

I n 1867, the Sioux and other Plains Indians met with the Peace Commission at ____ to reach a settlement that established certain reservations.

Fort Laramie

27

Colonal _____ was surprised, cut off, surrounded, and completely annihilated in 1876 at the Little Bighorn River in Montana

George Armstrong Custer

28

the Nez Perce leader _____ was defeated by US troops and sent to a reservation in Oklahoma in 1877 but not before being allowed to address Congress

Chief Joseph

29

the massacre at ______ brought an end to Indian uprisings in 1890.

Wounded Knee Creek, South Dakota

30

The ______ included an extended family network and a nomadic lifestyle.

Great Plains Indian culture

31

Many Indians were forced to remove from their homelands and be placed on _____.

Reservations

32

Rather than hunting ____, many Great Plains Indians were forced to accept food annuities yearly from the Government.

buffalo

33

The last hope for Great Plains Indian culture was the ____ by Sitting Bull.

Ghost Dance

34

The ____ Act would forcibly assimilate Native American Indians into white culture by limiting their movement and forcing land ownership rules.

Dawes Act