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Flashcards in chapter 26-The Cold War Begins Deck (40):
1

US Policy to stop the spread of communism is called

containment

2

___ is the term associated with attempts to uncover communist agents in the US government

McCarthyism

3

There were Loyalty Review Programs started by President Truman to identify possible communists in government positions in the late 1940s and early 1950s during the time known as the ____

Red Scare or McCarthyism

4

The Soviets developed an _____ in 1949.

atomic bomb

5

_____ has a communist revolution in 1949

China

6

The _____ was to bring aid to Berlin when it was blockaded by the Communists in 1948.

Berlin Airlift

7

The ____ was to send economic aid to Western Europe in the late 1940s so they would be less likely to embrace communism

Marshall Plan

8

The ______ sent military aid to North Korea during the Korean War

China and Soviet Union

9

Harry Truman first send military assistance to ___ and ___ as his moves to contain the spread of communism in Euorpe

Greece and Turkey

10

the _____ declare war on Japan just before the final atomic bomb drops on Nagasaki

Soviets

11

These three Allied leaders met at Postdam Conference in 1945

Truman, Stalin, Atlee

12

At Postdam, Harry Truman informs the allies of the ____

Atomic Bomb

13

At Postdam, _____ does not follow his promises made at Yalta to allow free elections in Eastern Europe

Stalin

14

These three Allied leaders met at Yalta in February 1945

Roosevelt, Stalin, Churchill

15

Germany was to be divided into four zones after WW II occupied by these three armies.

US, Soviets, Great Britain and France

16

Stalin promises ____ for Eastern Europe at Yalta

free elections

17

By 1948, the US, Great Britain, and French zones of occupation form ___

West Germany

18

The Soviet occupied zone of Germany becomes known as ____

East Germany

19

What divides Europe after World War II?

An Iron Curtain

20

Who announced the Iron Curtain?

Winston Churchill

21

This was formed to maintain defense for West Europe following WW II.

NATO

22

This military alliance was formed by the Soviets and its satellite nations following WW II.

Warsaw Pacts

23

East Europe became known as ___

The Communist Bloc

24

The Korean War ends and a separation line is established along the _____.

38th Parallel

25

Nationalist China is also known as ____

Taiwan

26

During the ______ hearings, Joseph McCarthy was censured by Congress

Army/McCarthy Hearings

27

Eisenhower threatened the Soviets with an counter attack using "everything in the bucket" to protect our English and French allies during the _____

Suez Crisis

28

Eisenhower's new look military option included _____ strategy

Massive Retaliation

29

Eisenhower's spies included using the ____.

CIA

30

The US uncovered Soviet spy rings in a operation known today as ____

Project Verona

31

The US responded to the Soviet Sputnik satellite with _____

NASA

32

In 1953, the US developed a more massive nuclear bomb called _____

The Hydrogen Bomb

33

Many Americans built ______ for promised protection from radiation and nuclear attacks during the 1950s and 1960s.

fallout shelters

34

Eisenhower warned the American people of the threat posed by the ________ during his farewell address as president stating it would lead America into an unnecessary war.

The Military Industrial Complex

35

In 1960, there was to be a US/Soviet peace summit but it was cancelled due to the ____.

U-2 Spy Plane incident

36

He was the leader of the Soviet Union from 1927 to 1954.

Joseph Stalin

37

He was leader of the Soviet Union from 1955-1964.

Nikita Khrushchev

38

He was leader of the Soviet Union from 1965-1980

Leonid Brezhnev

39

A democratic uprising in _____ in 1956 was crushed by the Soviet military.

Hungary

40

A democratic uprising in _____ in 1968 was crushed by the Soviet military.

Czechoslovakia