Chapter 3-Colonial Life Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3-Colonial Life Deck (36):
1

What was the cash crop of the Chesapeake Bay region

tobacco

2

What type of farms dominated the Chesapeake Bay region

plantations

3

Who relied on planters to fund their trans-Atlantic voyage and other fees

Indentured servants

4

To provide for a large labor force and to make up for a high infant mortality rate, families produced many ____ during colonial days.

children

5

This was a subsistence crop throughout the all colonies.

corn

6

These were used to ship almost all goods during colonial days

barrels

7

Tobacco was transported in a special container called a ____

hogshead

8

Almost all shipping in the Chesapeake Region was by _____ thus making roads and towns unneccessary

river transportation

9

Governor ____ of Virginia created a crisis during Bacon's Rebellion by not pushing Indians off good land for recently released indentured servants.

Governor Berkely

10

The Results of Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia was an increase in ____ labor rather than indentured servant labor.

Slave Labor

11

He led a rebellion in the Chesapeake Region that called for more land to the lower classes.

Nathaniel Bacon

12

South Carolina's cash crops were ____ and ___.

Indigo and rice

13

Georgia was set up by James Oglethorpe as a ____ colony.

Debtor's colony

14

This region's environment was little different than Europe's, had no plantations or cash crops, and had few exportable products.

New England

15

The primary economic activities for the New England region included ____ and ____.

Fishing and ship-building

16

What three commodities were the primary goods of the Triangular Trade?

Sugar
Rum
Slaves

17

This dried product was used by New England farmers as livestock feed.

Apples

18

This was used as a fuel for lighting lamps in the colonies.

Whale oil

19

Sawmills in New England were powered by ___ in colonial days.

Water fall power

20

This was the leading class in New England society.

Merchant class

21

A pure society, holy watching, and a culture of suspicion lead the religious group called ____ into a period of witch hunts.

Puritans

22

The production of ____ in the Middle Colonies were a very labor intensive activity.

Wheat

23

The Middle Colonies grew with the fur trade with the ____.

Indians

24

Many _____ immigrant settlers moved to the frontier of the Middle Colonies like Pennsylvania.

Scotch-Irish

25

Germantown, Penn. was initially settled by many _____ immigrants.

Mennonites

26

Many Quakers and Germans settled this early American colony

Pennsylvania

27

The early settlers to Maryland were _____.

Catholics

28

The _____ Act was passed in Maryland to allow religious freedom for Protestants and Catholics, however Jews were not included in this freedom.

Religious Toleration Act

29

Logic and reason in sicence, religion, and government flourished during the ____.

Enlightment

30

People are shaped by their societies is a basic idea of ____.

John Locke

31

John Locke believed in these three "Natural Rights"

Life
Liberty
Property

32

Consent by the governed is the basic idea by John Locke and other enlightenment thinkers and is often called _____.


The Social Contract

33

He believed in Separation of Powers

Baron Montesquieu

34

Separation of Powers justified the creation of ______ as found in the United States Constitution.

Checks and Balances

35

List two Great Awakening preachers

George Whitefield
Jonathan Edwards

36

During the ______ there were many religious revivals that emphasized equality in religion and therefore equality before the law.

The Great Awakening