American History II, Bench 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in American History II, Bench 1 Deck (35):
1

African American Soldiers who fought against the western Indians were called ___

Buffalo Soldiers

2

____ was a leading Democratic and Populist party member in 1896.

William Jennings Bryan

3

By 1890, the official policy to assimilate western Native American Indians included the _____Act passed by Congress.

Dawes Act

4

The ____ Act attempted to end patronage of Federal Government employment.

Pendleton Act

5

The most famous political machine was called ____.

Tammany Hall in New York City.

6

The _____ allowed for 160 acres of free land in the western lands if settlers would live there for at least 5 years.

Homestead Act

7

The ____ movement proved assistance to urban poor and immigrants.

Settlement Movement

8

Chinese and Irish immigrants were the primary workforce in building the ____.

Transcontinental Railroad

9

____ was a leader in the Steel industry

Andrew Carnegie

10

____ was a leader in the Oil industry

John D. Rockefeller

11

_____ was responsible for closing off the wild open west.

Barbed Wire

12

Many western great plains settlers lived in ____ homes

Sod houses

13

Free land to homesteaders, new economic opportunities, and religious freedom were all reasons for people to move ____

to the western frontier.

14

interstate Commerce Act and Hepburn Act were to regulate the ____

railroad monopolies.

15

The Grange and Populist Party both worked for improving the lives of ____ in the west and south.

farmers

16

The Transcontinental Railroad was completed and allowed for ____

nationwide transportation of goods and people.

17

Many immigrants came to America attempting to leave the "Old Country" and social pressures ____ and ____.

family commitments and economic opportunities.

18

Two major government scandals in latter 1800s were ___ and ____.

Whiskey Ring and Credit Moblier.

19

one of the first laws to limit immigrants to the United States was the ______ Exclusion Act.

Chinese Exclusion Act.

20

Supervising railroad's monopolistic behavior was the primary job of the ____.

Interstate Commerce Commission.

21

J. P. Morgan's industry was ____

Banking

22

Industries that controlled all aspects of the means of production from raw materials to manufacturing to transportation to retail was known as conducting _____ business practices.

Vertical Integrated monopoly

23

Eugene Debs is most associated with the ____ Union

American Railway Union

24

Jacob Riis wrote about ____ in his book "How the Other Half Lives"

Immigrants in Ethnic Ghettos

25

The invention of the refrigerated railcar allowed fresh ____ to be transported across the country.

fresh meat, fruits, and vegitables

26

Helen Hunt Jackson believed that _____ was oppressed by government policies.

Native American Indians.

27

The leader of the American Federation of Labor was ____.

Samuel Gompers

28

The _____ Movement's goal was to have Christians help to improve working conditions and aid impoverished people

Social Gospel Movement

29

____ was a famous political cartoonist.

Thomas Nast

30

The Pendleton Act was supposed to end the ______ set up many years before by President Andrew Jackson

Spoils System

31

_____ made a speech to the US Congress where he pledged "To fight no more forever" because his Nez Perce people had tried to escape but were finally captured.

Chief Joseph

32

The ______ as defined by Mark Twain meant that the popular image of the lifestyles of the rich concealed extensive corruption and greed.

Gilded Age

33

______ believed that new immigrants would take their jobs and thus pressured the government and other Americans to discriminate against new immigrants.

Nativists

34

Rockefeller constantly attempted to eliminate his competition in the oil business through _____ of the industry.

Horizontal Integration

35

The height of _____ immigration to the United States occurred after 1880.

Eastern and Southern European.