Flashcards in American History II, Bench 1 Deck (35):
African American Soldiers who fought against the western Indians were called ___
____ was a leading Democratic and Populist party member in 1896.
William Jennings Bryan
By 1890, the official policy to assimilate western Native American Indians included the _____Act passed by Congress.
The ____ Act attempted to end patronage of Federal Government employment.
The most famous political machine was called ____.
Tammany Hall in New York City.
The _____ allowed for 160 acres of free land in the western lands if settlers would live there for at least 5 years.
The ____ movement proved assistance to urban poor and immigrants.
Chinese and Irish immigrants were the primary workforce in building the ____.
____ was a leader in the Steel industry
____ was a leader in the Oil industry
John D. Rockefeller
_____ was responsible for closing off the wild open west.
Many western great plains settlers lived in ____ homes
Free land to homesteaders, new economic opportunities, and religious freedom were all reasons for people to move ____
to the western frontier.
interstate Commerce Act and Hepburn Act were to regulate the ____
The Grange and Populist Party both worked for improving the lives of ____ in the west and south.
The Transcontinental Railroad was completed and allowed for ____
nationwide transportation of goods and people.
Many immigrants came to America attempting to leave the "Old Country" and social pressures ____ and ____.
family commitments and economic opportunities.
Two major government scandals in latter 1800s were ___ and ____.
Whiskey Ring and Credit Moblier.
one of the first laws to limit immigrants to the United States was the ______ Exclusion Act.
Chinese Exclusion Act.
Supervising railroad's monopolistic behavior was the primary job of the ____.
Interstate Commerce Commission.
J. P. Morgan's industry was ____
Industries that controlled all aspects of the means of production from raw materials to manufacturing to transportation to retail was known as conducting _____ business practices.
Vertical Integrated monopoly
Eugene Debs is most associated with the ____ Union
American Railway Union
Jacob Riis wrote about ____ in his book "How the Other Half Lives"
Immigrants in Ethnic Ghettos
The invention of the refrigerated railcar allowed fresh ____ to be transported across the country.
fresh meat, fruits, and vegitables
Helen Hunt Jackson believed that _____ was oppressed by government policies.
Native American Indians.
The leader of the American Federation of Labor was ____.
The _____ Movement's goal was to have Christians help to improve working conditions and aid impoverished people
Social Gospel Movement
____ was a famous political cartoonist.
The Pendleton Act was supposed to end the ______ set up many years before by President Andrew Jackson
_____ made a speech to the US Congress where he pledged "To fight no more forever" because his Nez Perce people had tried to escape but were finally captured.
The ______ as defined by Mark Twain meant that the popular image of the lifestyles of the rich concealed extensive corruption and greed.
______ believed that new immigrants would take their jobs and thus pressured the government and other Americans to discriminate against new immigrants.
Rockefeller constantly attempted to eliminate his competition in the oil business through _____ of the industry.