Flashcards in chapter 16-populism Deck (50)
When government jobs go to supporters of the winning party in an election in the late 1800s it was called ____.
Partial refunds employed by railroads to benefit large shippers
declared illegal any combination in the form of a trust or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce among the several states
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
renegade reformers who thought of themselves as moral leaders, more concerned with helping the nation than a political party
law that reformed the civil service
the nation's first national farm organization or union
american movement to increase farmers' political power and to work for legislation in the farmer's interest
launched a fearless crusade against lynching
Ida B. Wells
separation of the races
This occurred when thousands of African Americans migrated from the rural South to Kansas for opportunities and to escape violent racism
this gave whites a special break by allowing any man to vote if he had an ancestor on the voting rolls in 1867.
He proposed that African Americans concentrate on achieving economic goals rather than legal or political ones.
Booker T. Washington
He was the first Democrat since 1856 to be elected president
Charles Giuteau shot this president because he did not receive a government job.
large business owners like these taxes on imports because they would benefit from less foreign competition
These people believed that economic issues in America in the late 1800s could be solved by embracing this metal as the basis for money
The Peoples Party or populists wanted to start this type of tax so that the rich would pay a larger share of the government's expenses.
graduated income tax
The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was overturned by this supreme court case that allowed for segregation on public railways
Plessy v. Ferguson
This was required in many states to pay for voting but was used in the south to discourage voting by African Americans and others
Where did the majority of African American lynchings occur in America in the late 1800s?
The American South
Segregation laws in the south were commonly called
Jim Crow Laws
The Pendleton Act required government workers to take ________ before getting some government jobs.
He was the populist and Democratic presidential candidate in 1896.
William Jennings Bryan
He gave a "Cross of Gold" speech denouncing the Republican Party's support of the Gold Standard and supported the Populist movement.
Williams Jennings Bryan
As farmers used new technology to raise more crops, demand and _______ fell leading to an over supply of farm comodities
The ______ laws limited some railroad rates for agricultural cargo in some western states.
He would be the first president with enough political courage to enforce the Sherman Anti-Trust Act
The South had legal _______ for nearly 100 years
She wrote about black grocers who were lynched for competing against white grocers in business
Ida B. Wells
He wanted social and political equality for African Americans immediately
This political party called for the coining of silver, federal ownership of Railroads, and an income tax in 1892
Populist or People's Party
Booker T. Washington called for African Americans to focus on Economic opportunities in his _________ speech
He wanted African Americans to obtain practical hand-on skills so that they could compete in the economy of the New South.
Booker T. Washington
The _______ clauses forbid many African Americans from voting following the end of Reconstruction.
This political party dominated southern politics from the end of Reconstruction until the conclusion of the Civil Rights Struggle of the 1960s.
Following Reconstruction, which state was most important for securing the presidential election?
Who was the only Democrat elected to the presidency from before the Civil War until World War I?
Which political parties called for lowering tariffs so that large monopolies would need to compete with foreign companies and keep prices low?
Democrats and Populists
Which house of congress had more Democrats in it from 1877-1897?
House of Representatives
Which tariff was one of the highest protective tariffs in US History?
Who won the presidency in 1888 because of political contributions from wealthy industrialists
Another name for the People's Party
In 1900, the US officially adopted the _______ that based US currency on gold reserves
Gold Standards Act
paper currency that caused inflation was called ____
this led to the increasing value of money which bankers and industrialists wanted in the late 1800s
marketing organizations that worked for the benefits of their members like farmers.
farmers' cooperatives or farmers' alliances
The ________ plan involved government warehousing of farmers' crops and low-interest loans using the stored crops as collateral
The _______ Act authorized the US Treasury to purchase silver and begin basing the value of currency on it in 1890.
Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890
This was an intense depression during the Cleveland presidency.
Panic of 1893