chapter 16-populism Flashcards Preview

Mr. Harrell > chapter 16-populism > Flashcards

Flashcards in chapter 16-populism Deck (50):
1

When government jobs go to supporters of the winning party in an election in the late 1800s it was called ____.

patronage

2

Partial refunds employed by railroads to benefit large shippers

rebates

3

declared illegal any combination in the form of a trust or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce among the several states

Sherman Anti-Trust Act

4

renegade reformers who thought of themselves as moral leaders, more concerned with helping the nation than a political party

mugwumps

5

law that reformed the civil service

Pendleton Act

6

the nation's first national farm organization or union

The Grange

7

american movement to increase farmers' political power and to work for legislation in the farmer's interest

populism

8

launched a fearless crusade against lynching

Ida B. Wells

9

separation of the races

segregation

10

This occurred when thousands of African Americans migrated from the rural South to Kansas for opportunities and to escape violent racism

segratation

11

this gave whites a special break by allowing any man to vote if he had an ancestor on the voting rolls in 1867.

grandfather clause

12

He proposed that African Americans concentrate on achieving economic goals rather than legal or political ones.

Booker T. Washington

13

He was the first Democrat since 1856 to be elected president

Grover Cleveland

14

Charles Giuteau shot this president because he did not receive a government job.

James Garfield

15

large business owners like these taxes on imports because they would benefit from less foreign competition

protective tariffs

16

These people believed that economic issues in America in the late 1800s could be solved by embracing this metal as the basis for money

silver

17

The Peoples Party or populists wanted to start this type of tax so that the rich would pay a larger share of the government's expenses.

graduated income tax

18

The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was overturned by this supreme court case that allowed for segregation on public railways

Plessy v. Ferguson

19

This was required in many states to pay for voting but was used in the south to discourage voting by African Americans and others

poll tax

20

Where did the majority of African American lynchings occur in America in the late 1800s?

The American South

21

Segregation laws in the south were commonly called

Jim Crow Laws

22

The Pendleton Act required government workers to take ________ before getting some government jobs.

examinations

23

He was the populist and Democratic presidential candidate in 1896.

William Jennings Bryan

24

He gave a "Cross of Gold" speech denouncing the Republican Party's support of the Gold Standard and supported the Populist movement.

Williams Jennings Bryan

25

As farmers used new technology to raise more crops, demand and _______ fell leading to an over supply of farm comodities

prices

26

The ______ laws limited some railroad rates for agricultural cargo in some western states.

Granger Laws

27

He would be the first president with enough political courage to enforce the Sherman Anti-Trust Act

Teddy Roosevelt

28

The South had legal _______ for nearly 100 years

segregation

29

She wrote about black grocers who were lynched for competing against white grocers in business

Ida B. Wells

30

He wanted social and political equality for African Americans immediately

W.E.B. DuBois

31

This political party called for the coining of silver, federal ownership of Railroads, and an income tax in 1892

Populist or People's Party

32

Booker T. Washington called for African Americans to focus on Economic opportunities in his _________ speech

Atlanta Compromise

33

He wanted African Americans to obtain practical hand-on skills so that they could compete in the economy of the New South.

Booker T. Washington

34

The _______ clauses forbid many African Americans from voting following the end of Reconstruction.

grandfather

35

This political party dominated southern politics from the end of Reconstruction until the conclusion of the Civil Rights Struggle of the 1960s.

Democratic

36

Following Reconstruction, which state was most important for securing the presidential election?

New York

37

Who was the only Democrat elected to the presidency from before the Civil War until World War I?

Grover Cleveland

38

Which political parties called for lowering tariffs so that large monopolies would need to compete with foreign companies and keep prices low?

Democrats and Populists

39

Which house of congress had more Democrats in it from 1877-1897?

House of Representatives

40

Which tariff was one of the highest protective tariffs in US History?

McKinley Tariff

41

Who won the presidency in 1888 because of political contributions from wealthy industrialists

Benjamin Harrison

42

Another name for the People's Party

Populists

43

In 1900, the US officially adopted the _______ that based US currency on gold reserves

Gold Standards Act

44

paper currency that caused inflation was called ____

greenbacks

45

this led to the increasing value of money which bankers and industrialists wanted in the late 1800s

deflation

46

marketing organizations that worked for the benefits of their members like farmers.

farmers' cooperatives or farmers' alliances

47

The ________ plan involved government warehousing of farmers' crops and low-interest loans using the stored crops as collateral

sub-treasury

48

The _______ Act authorized the US Treasury to purchase silver and begin basing the value of currency on it in 1890.

Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890

49

This was an intense depression during the Cleveland presidency.

Panic of 1893

50

He lost the election of 1896 to William McKinley's Big Money/Gold Standard stance

William Jennys Bryan