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Flashcards in chapter 16-populism Deck (50)
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1

When government jobs go to supporters of the winning party in an election in the late 1800s it was called ____.

patronage

2

Partial refunds employed by railroads to benefit large shippers

rebates

3

declared illegal any combination in the form of a trust or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce among the several states

Sherman Anti-Trust Act

4

renegade reformers who thought of themselves as moral leaders, more concerned with helping the nation than a political party

mugwumps

5

law that reformed the civil service

Pendleton Act

6

the nation's first national farm organization or union

The Grange

7

american movement to increase farmers' political power and to work for legislation in the farmer's interest

populism

8

launched a fearless crusade against lynching

Ida B. Wells

9

separation of the races

segregation

10

This occurred when thousands of African Americans migrated from the rural South to Kansas for opportunities and to escape violent racism

segratation

11

this gave whites a special break by allowing any man to vote if he had an ancestor on the voting rolls in 1867.

grandfather clause

12

He proposed that African Americans concentrate on achieving economic goals rather than legal or political ones.

Booker T. Washington

13

He was the first Democrat since 1856 to be elected president

Grover Cleveland

14

Charles Giuteau shot this president because he did not receive a government job.

James Garfield

15

large business owners like these taxes on imports because they would benefit from less foreign competition

protective tariffs

16

These people believed that economic issues in America in the late 1800s could be solved by embracing this metal as the basis for money

silver

17

The Peoples Party or populists wanted to start this type of tax so that the rich would pay a larger share of the government's expenses.

graduated income tax

18

The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was overturned by this supreme court case that allowed for segregation on public railways

Plessy v. Ferguson

19

This was required in many states to pay for voting but was used in the south to discourage voting by African Americans and others

poll tax

20

Where did the majority of African American lynchings occur in America in the late 1800s?

The American South

21

Segregation laws in the south were commonly called

Jim Crow Laws

22

The Pendleton Act required government workers to take ________ before getting some government jobs.

examinations

23

He was the populist and Democratic presidential candidate in 1896.

William Jennings Bryan

24

He gave a "Cross of Gold" speech denouncing the Republican Party's support of the Gold Standard and supported the Populist movement.

Williams Jennings Bryan

25

As farmers used new technology to raise more crops, demand and _______ fell leading to an over supply of farm comodities

prices

26

The ______ laws limited some railroad rates for agricultural cargo in some western states.

Granger Laws

27

He would be the first president with enough political courage to enforce the Sherman Anti-Trust Act

Teddy Roosevelt

28

The South had legal _______ for nearly 100 years

segregation

29

She wrote about black grocers who were lynched for competing against white grocers in business

Ida B. Wells

30

He wanted social and political equality for African Americans immediately

W.E.B. DuBois