Chapter 15-Urban America Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15-Urban America Deck (33):
1

Immigrants were required to undergo _____ when arriving at Ellis Island.

medical exams

2

The _____ prevented many Asians from becoming citizens in the late 1800s.

Chinese Exclusion Act

3

Most immigrants who came to American cities and worked in factories believed ____

that their lives had significantly improved from their lives in their native countries

4

_____ believed that individuals should be motivated to improving their selves and their own societies.

Social Darwinists

5

After _____ most immigrants to the US were from South and East Europe

1880s

6

in the 1860s, most Chinese immigrants were working for ___

western railroads

7

Most _____ opposed immigrants because the would work for low wages

labor unions

8

Before 1880s, most mass transit systems in cities were ____.

horse car systems

9

_____ were able to move most mass transit systems underground.

Subways

10

most inhabitants of streetcar suburbs were from the ____ class.

middle class

11

_____ was a corrupt leader of Tammany Hall Political Machine in New York City in the 1860s.

William Marcy Tweed

12

The Gospel of Wealth was _____'s belief that the wealth were supposed to use their fortunes for the benefit of all society.

Andrew Carnegie

13

In many large cities like Chicago, the _____ were the social hubs of society and politics.

Saloons

14

Most immigrants tended to settle in ____ within many large cities where they retained close relationships with their cultures

Ethnic Neighborhoods

15

_____ wanted to limit immigration to America

nativists

16

____ was the most famous political machine

Tammany Hall

17

_____ provided new city immigrants with jobs, housing, protections in exchange for political support in elections.

political machines

18

_____ is the belief that you can use your talents to improve yourself in society both socially and economically

individualism

19

____ were the organization that helped the urban poor

salvation army

20

many of the urban poor lived in ____

tenement houses

21

_____ was a promoter of public libraries

Andrew Carnegie

22

Frank Lloyd Wright's job was ___

an architect

23

Hannah Hayye was an example of _____.

an immigrant from poland

24

William Sumner was a ____

professor who believed in the capitalist system

25

_____ established Henry Street House

Lillian Wald

26

_____ developed natural selection and evolutionary theory

Charles Darwin

27

____ believed in society's progressed because only the fittest people survived.

Herbert Spencer

28

____ believed that those who had great wealth owed society something in return.

Andrew Carnegie

29

He was also known as Mark Twain

Samuel Clemmens

30

His American novel was Huckleberry Finn

Mark Twain

31

____ founded Tuskegee Institute for African Americans

Booker T. Washington

32

_____ opened Hull House in Chicago to aid poor immigrants

Jane Addams

33

____ published a book describing a perfect society in the year 2000 called "Looking Backward"

Edward Bellamy