Flashcards in Chapter 4-The American Revolution Deck (50):
The French and Indian War was known as the _____ in Europe.
Seven Years War
Claims in the ____ Valley led to the French and Indians fighting against the British and American colonists
Ohio River Valley
As a result of the French and Indian War, Britain receives claim on all territory east of the _____ and north of Florida.
Fearing the expense of protecting colonists from Indian raids, King George III issues the Proclamation of 1763 that forbid settlement west of the _____.
To pay for expenses from the French and Indian war, Parliament taxes many items with the ______.
Because of excessive taxing by the British government, many riots occur in the colonies of which one leads to bloodshed called the ____.
Following the Boston Massacre, all the Townshend Acts are repealed except the tax on ____.
Parliament exerted its rights to govern the English colonies with the _____ Act
American colonists were required to house British soldiers in their private homes when Parliament passed the _____ Act.
To punish Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party, Parliament passes the ____
Coercive Acts or Intolerable Acts
Off the coast of Rhode Island, a British revenue ship was seized by local citizens and burned as a response to oppressive taxation policies in what has become known as ____
The Gaspee Affair
During the Revolution, people who wanted a free and independent America were known as _____.
During the Revolution, people who wanted to remain as subjects of the British Empire were known as ___
Who came to the aid of the Patriot cause after the Battle of Saratoga?
The first shots of the Revolution in April 1775 were in two little towns called ____ and ____.
Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts
When the British marched out of Boston to search for members of the Sons of Liberty, _____ and _____ warned the Patriot militia to prepare.
What were three names given to the British army in America at the start of the Revolution.
This was the first major battle of the Revolution, won by the British even though they experienced terrible casualties.
First Continental Congress presented the _____ to King George III asking for peace in early 1776.
Olive Branch Petition
_____ explained why a colony like America ought to separate from its "Mother Country" like England.
Common Sense by Thomas Paine
The principal author of the Declaration of Independence was ____.
What were three natural rights expressed in the Declaration of Independence?
Pursuit of Happiness
What idea was expressed in the Declaration of Independence which was also the focus of the religious Great Awakening
All men are created equal
"To throw off such government..." as seen in the Declaration of Independence allowed a right to ____ as seen by Thomas Jefferson.
Revolt or Revolution
The first and unsuccessful government of the the United States was called the ____.
Articles of Confederation
The biggest weakness of the American Revolutionary government was its lack of ability to ____.
tax to raise money to pay for the war.
The primary strategy of the Patriot leaders during the Revolution was ___
to wait until the British were too tired of war and leave, allowing American independence.
From April 1775 until April 1776, the colonial city of _____ was surrounded by the Patriot militia.
In July 1776, the primary fighting of the Revolution occurs in the _____.
Middle colonies or Mid-Atlantic States
Which British general attacks and conquers New York City in 1776?
General George Washington's Patriot army loses many battles in and around New York City in 1776 and retreats through _____ until the Winter of 1776.
In the winter of 1776-1777, George Washington's Patriot army defeats the British and Hessian armies at ____ and ____.
Trenton and Princeton, NJ
The major invasion of New York was led by General Burgoyne from ____.
The turning point battle of the Revolution occurs at _____ when the Patriot army of Horatio Gates defeats General Burgoyne's British troops.
Rather than following the overall British strategy of cutting off New England from the rest of the colonies, General Howe decides to attack ____ by way of a naval invasion.
Washington's Patriots will spend a miserable winter in 1777-1778 at ____ just outside Philadelphia.
Valley Forge, Penn.
Most of the battles fought in the southern colonies were fought between ___ and ___.
Patriot and Loyalist militia
List three British victories in the Southern Colonies.
List three Patriot strategic victories in the Southern Colonies.
Kings Mountain, N.C.
Guilford Courthouse, N.C.
In the final major battle of the Revolution, British General Cornwallis is surrounded by Patriot and French ground forces and naval ships at ____.
She was a woman hero at the battle of Mammoth, NJ.
He was an African American killed at the Boston Massacre.
He was an American Patriot in the western territories.
George Rogers Clark
He was a famous Patriot spy in New York who was captured and executed after stating his famous words, "I regret that I have only one life to give for my country"
He was a German volunteer who drilled the Patriot army at Valley Forge.
Baron Von Steuben
He was a French volunteer who helped Washington's Patriot army in many battles.
He was a Patriot naval hero whose famous quote, "I have not yet begun to fight" earns him great respect.
John Paul Jones
Following the Revolution, who were the ruling class in America?
Rich landowners, just like before the Revolution
Thomas Jefferson believed that for a republic to be successful, widespread ____ was required.