Chapter 4-The American Revolution Flashcards Preview

Mr. Harrell > Chapter 4-The American Revolution > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4-The American Revolution Deck (50):
1

The French and Indian War was known as the _____ in Europe.

Seven Years War

2

Claims in the ____ Valley led to the French and Indians fighting against the British and American colonists

Ohio River Valley

3

As a result of the French and Indian War, Britain receives claim on all territory east of the _____ and north of Florida.

Mississippi River

4

Fearing the expense of protecting colonists from Indian raids, King George III issues the Proclamation of 1763 that forbid settlement west of the _____.

Appalachian Mountains

5

To pay for expenses from the French and Indian war, Parliament taxes many items with the ______.

Townshend Acts

6

Because of excessive taxing by the British government, many riots occur in the colonies of which one leads to bloodshed called the ____.

Boston Massacre

7

Following the Boston Massacre, all the Townshend Acts are repealed except the tax on ____.

Tea Tax

8

Parliament exerted its rights to govern the English colonies with the _____ Act

Declaratory Act

9

American colonists were required to house British soldiers in their private homes when Parliament passed the _____ Act.

Quartering Act

10

To punish Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party, Parliament passes the ____

Coercive Acts or Intolerable Acts

11

Off the coast of Rhode Island, a British revenue ship was seized by local citizens and burned as a response to oppressive taxation policies in what has become known as ____

The Gaspee Affair

12

During the Revolution, people who wanted a free and independent America were known as _____.

Patriots

13

During the Revolution, people who wanted to remain as subjects of the British Empire were known as ___

Loyalists

14

Who came to the aid of the Patriot cause after the Battle of Saratoga?

French

15

The first shots of the Revolution in April 1775 were in two little towns called ____ and ____.

Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts

16

When the British marched out of Boston to search for members of the Sons of Liberty, _____ and _____ warned the Patriot militia to prepare.

Paul Revere
Samuel Prescott

17

What were three names given to the British army in America at the start of the Revolution.

Redcoats
The Regulars
Lobsterbacks

18

This was the first major battle of the Revolution, won by the British even though they experienced terrible casualties.

Bunker Hill

19

First Continental Congress presented the _____ to King George III asking for peace in early 1776.

Olive Branch Petition

20

_____ explained why a colony like America ought to separate from its "Mother Country" like England.

Common Sense by Thomas Paine

21

The principal author of the Declaration of Independence was ____.

Thomas Jefferson

22

What were three natural rights expressed in the Declaration of Independence?

Life
Liberty
Pursuit of Happiness

23

What idea was expressed in the Declaration of Independence which was also the focus of the religious Great Awakening

All men are created equal

24

"To throw off such government..." as seen in the Declaration of Independence allowed a right to ____ as seen by Thomas Jefferson.

Revolt or Revolution

25

The first and unsuccessful government of the the United States was called the ____.

Articles of Confederation

26

The biggest weakness of the American Revolutionary government was its lack of ability to ____.

tax to raise money to pay for the war.

27

The primary strategy of the Patriot leaders during the Revolution was ___

to wait until the British were too tired of war and leave, allowing American independence.

28

From April 1775 until April 1776, the colonial city of _____ was surrounded by the Patriot militia.

Boston, Mass.

29

In July 1776, the primary fighting of the Revolution occurs in the _____.

Middle colonies or Mid-Atlantic States

30

Which British general attacks and conquers New York City in 1776?

General Howe

31

General George Washington's Patriot army loses many battles in and around New York City in 1776 and retreats through _____ until the Winter of 1776.

New Jersey

32

In the winter of 1776-1777, George Washington's Patriot army defeats the British and Hessian armies at ____ and ____.

Trenton and Princeton, NJ

33

The major invasion of New York was led by General Burgoyne from ____.

Canada

34

The turning point battle of the Revolution occurs at _____ when the Patriot army of Horatio Gates defeats General Burgoyne's British troops.

Saratoga, NY

35

Rather than following the overall British strategy of cutting off New England from the rest of the colonies, General Howe decides to attack ____ by way of a naval invasion.

Philadelphia, Penn.

36

Washington's Patriots will spend a miserable winter in 1777-1778 at ____ just outside Philadelphia.

Valley Forge, Penn.

37

Most of the battles fought in the southern colonies were fought between ___ and ___.

Patriot and Loyalist militia

38

List three British victories in the Southern Colonies.

Savannah, Ga.
Charleston, S.C.
Camden, S.C.

39

List three Patriot strategic victories in the Southern Colonies.

Cowpens, S.C.
Kings Mountain, N.C.
Guilford Courthouse, N.C.

40

In the final major battle of the Revolution, British General Cornwallis is surrounded by Patriot and French ground forces and naval ships at ____.

Yorktown, Va.

41

She was a woman hero at the battle of Mammoth, NJ.

Molly Pitcher

42

He was an African American killed at the Boston Massacre.

Crispis Attucks

43

He was an American Patriot in the western territories.

George Rogers Clark

44

He was a famous Patriot spy in New York who was captured and executed after stating his famous words, "I regret that I have only one life to give for my country"

Nathan Hale

45

He was a German volunteer who drilled the Patriot army at Valley Forge.

Baron Von Steuben

46

He was a French volunteer who helped Washington's Patriot army in many battles.

Marquis Lafayette

47

He was a Patriot naval hero whose famous quote, "I have not yet begun to fight" earns him great respect.

John Paul Jones

48

Following the Revolution, who were the ruling class in America?

Rich landowners, just like before the Revolution

49

Thomas Jefferson believed that for a republic to be successful, widespread ____ was required.

education

50

Following the Revolution, was issue caused a lot of concern regarding the purposes of the revolutionary spirit?

issues of slavery