Flashcards in Year review 2015-B Deck (114):
What was the primary factor to weakening Indian societies to European domination?
What was the first permanent English settlement in the New World?
Which colony was a haven for Catholics?
Which colony welcomed Quakers?
The difficult journey slaves made from Africa to the Americas during which they went from the familiar to the foreign is called ____
John Locke believed that people could _____ a government that failed to live up to the social contract.
Virginia's cash crop during the colonial days.
Virginia's House of Burgesses was modeled on Britain's ____.
The Mayflower Compact established rules for the ____ in Massachusetts.
Workers during colonial days that were under contract for their payment of passage to America.
___ is the idea that all are equal before God no matter how rich or poor people were.
Migration to ____ in colonial days was primarily to escape religious persecution in their home European countries.
This encouraged independence from Great Britain.
Common Sense by Thomas Paine
Thomas Jefferson words "Life, Liberty, and pursuit of happiness" in the Declaration emphasized John Locke's theory of ____
Thomas Jefferson wrote ___.
Declaration of Independence
US ally during the Revolution was primarily ____.
fist shots of the revolution were fired at ___
The Proclamation Line of 1763 forbid colonists to settle west of ______
These people could leave the colonies, serve as spies for the British, or join the British in the fight against the Patriots during the Revolution.
Why did Parliament tax the American Colonies in the 1760s and 1770s?
To pay for the expenses of the French and Indian War
List three Patriots during the American Revolution.
General Cornwallis surrendered his army to George Washington at ___ at the end of the Revolutionary War
After Saratoga, ____ helped negotiate a treaty of alliance with the French.
Slaves would be counted as a portion of a person for purposes of taxation and representation is the essence of this compromise found in the Constitution.
No Executive or President
No commerce regulation
All these are weaknesses of ____
The Articles of Confederation
Father of the Constitution
Executive's Power is ____
To enforce the laws
father of the Declaration of Religious Freedom
father of the Democratic-Republican Party
father of the Declaration of Independence
The importance of the Election of 1800.
First peaceful transfer of power from one political party to another.
John Marshall's supreme court case that allowed for Judicial Review.
Marbury vs. Madison
Territorial expansion from Atlantic to Pacific is the basis of ____
The US and Great Britain disputed the ownership of the ____ country in the 1840s.
US warned Europe not to interfere in Western Hemisphere in the 1823 ____ Doctrine
Jefferson did not believe he had the power to buy ____, but did it anyways.
Indian woman who served at guide and translator for Lewis and Clarke
What single factor was most important for settlers moving west of the Mississippi?
availability of cheap or free land
Turner and Prosser's slave rebellions led to _____.
harsher southern slave laws
Who were the first abolitionists?
New England religious leaders and pastors
William Lloyd Garrison's followers were ___.
Abolitionists of slavery
Where did women begin their Declaration for Women's Rights
Seneca Falls, NY
This state was to become a free state with the Compromise of 1850.
Captured runaway slaves would be required to be returned to their owners with the ____.
Fugitive Slave Law as defined by the Compromise of 1850
This book turned many Northerners against the institution of slavery.
Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
These ideas were favored by what region of the country in the early 1800s?
Trail of Tears
All occurred during which presidency?
Turning point battle of the Civil War
Event at beginning and end of the Civil War
At beginning of Civil War, Lincoln's goal was ___
To preserve the Union
Accepting defeat and returning home was this general's advice at the end of the Civil War.
General Robert E. Lee
This is the period following the Civil War where the southern states were under federal control.
Abolished slavery throughout the nation.
African American voting rights was guaranteed by the ____ amendment.
Rutherford Hayes promised that if elected he would remove martial law in the south with what became known as the ___
Compromise of 1877
After 1871, most immigrants to the United States came from _____ Europe.
East and South Europe
Helped to build the Central Pacific Railway.
Port of entry for many immigrants
Ellis Island, NY
sewage and water systems
All these led to the growth of ____
cities in United States
Law that had most impact on settling the west.
Homestead Act of 1862.
Henry Ford's contribution to American industrialism was ___
Assembly line production
Andrew Carnegie's industry
Alexander Bell's invention
Thomas Edison's invention
Wright Brother's invention
John Rockefeller's industry
J.P. Morgan's industry
Cornelius Vanderbilt's industry
Thomas Edison used _____ to power many inventions.
Laws that discriminated against African Americans
Jim Crow Laws
When ___ ended, former Confederate leaders regained power in the South.
Separate but equal was the essence of the Supreme Court's ruling of ___
Plessy vs. Ferguson
African Americans moved to northern cities seeking economic opportunity during ____>
The Great Migration
_____ tried to have the government stop lynchings in the Southern States.
Ida B. Wells
Political and economic equality for African Americans was the goal for _____'s NAACP.
Journalists who exposed corruption
protecting workers was a major goal of the ____.
woman's suffrage amendment
Invasion of Cuba
Annexation of Puerto Rico
All these happened during ____
The Spanish-American War
president who claimed to have built the Panama Canal
This was to give US access to Chinese trade in the late 1800s.
Open Door Policy
During World War I, the _____ waited to join in the fight until 1917.
Woodrow Wilson's slogan to enter World War I.
Make the world safe for democracy
Freedom of the seas
League of Nations
Colonial self determination
All these are seen in ___.
Wilson's 14 points
We have nothing to fear but fear itself was intended by ____ to calm the nation's anxiety about unemployment and bank falures.
To protect bank accounts, Franklin Roosevelt established the _____.
World War II started when Germany invaded ___ in 1939.
US enters World War II when ____
Japan bombs Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941
The Allies' strategy to win World War II was
to concentrate military forces in Europe and Africa before Asia because Hitler was the biggest threat.
Midway and Guadalcanal were turning points in World War II in the fight against the _______.
Japanese in the Pacific.
To end World War II quickly with no American casualties, President Truman authorized the ____
Atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The invasion of ______ led to the Germans retreating out of France in 1944.
The Turning point in Russia during World War II was the battle of ____
These were "code talkers" that helped defeat the Japanese during World War II.
Hitler's plan to exterminate all Jews was called the ____
Final Solution or Holocaust
The symbol of the female industrial war worker during World War II
Rosie the Reviter
These people were placed in internment camps in the US during World War II.
home front participation
_____ was used for all these purposes during World War II.
Rationing and scrap drives
The Cuban Missile crisis was caused by ___ placing offensive nuclear missiles in Cuba.
Soviets dominated ____ Europe during the Cold War.
The ____ was economic aid to Western Europe by the US to recover from devastation during World War II.
intervening with military aid to stop the spread of communism is the basis of the _____ Doctrine.
The 38th Parallel divided _____ in to a communist north and a democratic south.
____ was a military alliance of the US and Western Europe.
Bay of Pigs was a counter invasion of ____ in 1960.
The city of ____ was divided by a wall in the 1960s through the 1980s increasing Cold War tensions
To stop the Cuban Missile Crisis, President Kennedy chose to use a _____ of Cuba.
Kennedy sent military advisers to _____ to stop the spread of communism in Southeast Asia.
_____ escalated US involvement in Vietnam in 1964.
Lyndon B. Johnson
_____'s program of Vietmanization was to reduce America's involvement in Vietnam.
____ overturned Separate But Equal doctrine.
Brown vs. Board of Education
Southern officials refused to abide by the Brown ruling with their _____ campaign.
Where did King give his "I Have a Dream Speech".
Lincoln Memorial, Washington D.C.
racial discrimination in public accommodations was forbidden by the _____.
Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Which president signed the 1964 Civil Rights Act and 1965 Voting Rights Act?
Lyndon B. Johnson