Year review 2015-B Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Year review 2015-B Deck (114):
1

What was the primary factor to weakening Indian societies to European domination?

Diseases

2

What was the first permanent English settlement in the New World?

Jamestown, Va.

3

Which colony was a haven for Catholics?

Maryland

4

Which colony welcomed Quakers?

Pennsylvania

5

The difficult journey slaves made from Africa to the Americas during which they went from the familiar to the foreign is called ____

Middle Passage

6

John Locke believed that people could _____ a government that failed to live up to the social contract.

overthrow

7

Virginia's cash crop during the colonial days.

Tobacco

8

Virginia's House of Burgesses was modeled on Britain's ____.

Parliament

9

The Mayflower Compact established rules for the ____ in Massachusetts.

Pilgrims

10

Workers during colonial days that were under contract for their payment of passage to America.

Indentured servants

11

___ is the idea that all are equal before God no matter how rich or poor people were.

Great Awakening

12

Migration to ____ in colonial days was primarily to escape religious persecution in their home European countries.

Massachussets

13

This encouraged independence from Great Britain.

Common Sense by Thomas Paine

14

Thomas Jefferson words "Life, Liberty, and pursuit of happiness" in the Declaration emphasized John Locke's theory of ____

Natural Rights

15

Thomas Jefferson wrote ___.

Declaration of Independence

16

US ally during the Revolution was primarily ____.

France

17

fist shots of the revolution were fired at ___

Lexington, Massachussets

18

The Proclamation Line of 1763 forbid colonists to settle west of ______

Appalachian Mountains

19

These people could leave the colonies, serve as spies for the British, or join the British in the fight against the Patriots during the Revolution.

Loyalists

20

Why did Parliament tax the American Colonies in the 1760s and 1770s?

To pay for the expenses of the French and Indian War

21

List three Patriots during the American Revolution.

Thomas Paine
Thomas Jefferson
Patrick Henry

22

General Cornwallis surrendered his army to George Washington at ___ at the end of the Revolutionary War

Yorktown, Va.

23

After Saratoga, ____ helped negotiate a treaty of alliance with the French.

Benjamin Franklin

24

Slaves would be counted as a portion of a person for purposes of taxation and representation is the essence of this compromise found in the Constitution.

Three-fifths Compromise

25

No taxing
No Executive or President
No commerce regulation

All these are weaknesses of ____

The Articles of Confederation

26

Father of the Constitution

James Madison

27

Executive's Power is ____

To enforce the laws

28

father of the Declaration of Religious Freedom
father of the Democratic-Republican Party
father of the Declaration of Independence

Thomas Jefferson

29

The importance of the Election of 1800.

First peaceful transfer of power from one political party to another.

30

John Marshall's supreme court case that allowed for Judicial Review.

Marbury vs. Madison

31

Territorial expansion from Atlantic to Pacific is the basis of ____

Manifest Destiny

32

The US and Great Britain disputed the ownership of the ____ country in the 1840s.

Oregon

33

US warned Europe not to interfere in Western Hemisphere in the 1823 ____ Doctrine

Monroe Doctrine

34

Jefferson did not believe he had the power to buy ____, but did it anyways.

Louisiana Territory

35

Indian woman who served at guide and translator for Lewis and Clarke

Sacajawea

36

What single factor was most important for settlers moving west of the Mississippi?

availability of cheap or free land

37

Turner and Prosser's slave rebellions led to _____.

harsher southern slave laws

38

Who were the first abolitionists?

New England religious leaders and pastors

39

William Lloyd Garrison's followers were ___.

Abolitionists of slavery

40

Where did women begin their Declaration for Women's Rights

Seneca Falls, NY

41

This state was to become a free state with the Compromise of 1850.

California

42

Captured runaway slaves would be required to be returned to their owners with the ____.

Fugitive Slave Law as defined by the Compromise of 1850

43

This book turned many Northerners against the institution of slavery.

Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe

44

Industrial economy
High Tariffs

These ideas were favored by what region of the country in the early 1800s?

Northern States

45

Trail of Tears
Nullification Crisis
Spoils System

All occurred during which presidency?

Andrew Jackson

46

Turning point battle of the Civil War

Gettysburg, Pa.

47

Event at beginning and end of the Civil War

Fort Sumter-Beginning
Appomattox-Ending

48

At beginning of Civil War, Lincoln's goal was ___

To preserve the Union

49

Accepting defeat and returning home was this general's advice at the end of the Civil War.

General Robert E. Lee

50

This is the period following the Civil War where the southern states were under federal control.

Reconstrution

51

Abolished slavery throughout the nation.

13th Amendment

52

African American voting rights was guaranteed by the ____ amendment.

15th Amendment

53

Rutherford Hayes promised that if elected he would remove martial law in the south with what became known as the ___

Compromise of 1877

54

After 1871, most immigrants to the United States came from _____ Europe.

East and South Europe

55

Helped to build the Central Pacific Railway.

Chinese immigrants

56

Port of entry for many immigrants

Ellis Island, NY

57

streetcars
sewage and water systems
tenements

All these led to the growth of ____

cities in United States

58

Law that had most impact on settling the west.

Homestead Act of 1862.

59

Henry Ford's contribution to American industrialism was ___

Assembly line production

60

Andrew Carnegie's industry

steel

61

Alexander Bell's invention

phone

62

Thomas Edison's invention

light bulb

63

Wright Brother's invention

airplane

64

John Rockefeller's industry

oil

65

J.P. Morgan's industry

banking

66

Cornelius Vanderbilt's industry

Railroads

67

Thomas Edison used _____ to power many inventions.

Electrical power

68

Laws that discriminated against African Americans

Jim Crow Laws

69

When ___ ended, former Confederate leaders regained power in the South.

Reconstrution

70

Separate but equal was the essence of the Supreme Court's ruling of ___

Plessy vs. Ferguson

71

African Americans moved to northern cities seeking economic opportunity during ____>

The Great Migration

72

_____ tried to have the government stop lynchings in the Southern States.

Ida B. Wells

73

Political and economic equality for African Americans was the goal for _____'s NAACP.

W.E.B. Dubois

74

Journalists who exposed corruption

muckrakers

75

protecting workers was a major goal of the ____.

progressives

76

woman's suffrage amendment

19th Amendment

77

USS Maine
Invasion of Cuba
Annexation of Puerto Rico

All these happened during ____

The Spanish-American War

78

president who claimed to have built the Panama Canal

Theodore Roosevelt

79

This was to give US access to Chinese trade in the late 1800s.

Open Door Policy

80

During World War I, the _____ waited to join in the fight until 1917.

United States

81

Woodrow Wilson's slogan to enter World War I.

Make the world safe for democracy

82

Freedom of the seas
League of Nations
Colonial self determination

All these are seen in ___.

Wilson's 14 points

83

We have nothing to fear but fear itself was intended by ____ to calm the nation's anxiety about unemployment and bank falures.

Franklin Roosevelt

84

To protect bank accounts, Franklin Roosevelt established the _____.

FDIC

85

World War II started when Germany invaded ___ in 1939.

Poland

86

US enters World War II when ____

Japan bombs Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941

87

The Allies' strategy to win World War II was

to concentrate military forces in Europe and Africa before Asia because Hitler was the biggest threat.

88

Midway and Guadalcanal were turning points in World War II in the fight against the _______.

Japanese in the Pacific.

89

To end World War II quickly with no American casualties, President Truman authorized the ____

Atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

90

The invasion of ______ led to the Germans retreating out of France in 1944.

Normandy

91

The Turning point in Russia during World War II was the battle of ____

Stalingrad

92

These were "code talkers" that helped defeat the Japanese during World War II.

Navajo Indians

93

Hitler's plan to exterminate all Jews was called the ____

Final Solution or Holocaust

94

The symbol of the female industrial war worker during World War II

Rosie the Reviter

95

These people were placed in internment camps in the US during World War II.

Japanese Americans

96

Conserving resources
home front participation
war production

_____ was used for all these purposes during World War II.

Rationing and scrap drives

97

The Cuban Missile crisis was caused by ___ placing offensive nuclear missiles in Cuba.

Soviet Union

98

Soviets dominated ____ Europe during the Cold War.

Eastern Europe

99

The ____ was economic aid to Western Europe by the US to recover from devastation during World War II.

Marshall Plan

100

intervening with military aid to stop the spread of communism is the basis of the _____ Doctrine.

Truman Doctrine

101

The 38th Parallel divided _____ in to a communist north and a democratic south.

Korea

102

____ was a military alliance of the US and Western Europe.

NATO

103

Bay of Pigs was a counter invasion of ____ in 1960.

Cuba

104

The city of ____ was divided by a wall in the 1960s through the 1980s increasing Cold War tensions

Berlin, Germany

105

To stop the Cuban Missile Crisis, President Kennedy chose to use a _____ of Cuba.

Naval Blockade

106

Kennedy sent military advisers to _____ to stop the spread of communism in Southeast Asia.

Vietnam

107

_____ escalated US involvement in Vietnam in 1964.

Lyndon B. Johnson

108

_____'s program of Vietmanization was to reduce America's involvement in Vietnam.

Nixon

109

____ overturned Separate But Equal doctrine.

Brown vs. Board of Education

110

Southern officials refused to abide by the Brown ruling with their _____ campaign.

Massive Resistance

111

Where did King give his "I Have a Dream Speech".

Lincoln Memorial, Washington D.C.

112

racial discrimination in public accommodations was forbidden by the _____.

Civil Rights Act of 1964.

113

Which president signed the 1964 Civil Rights Act and 1965 Voting Rights Act?

Lyndon B. Johnson

114

Which president said, "Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country"?

John F. Kennedy.