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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (82)
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1

__ is a socially constructed concept and not a “thing”

Intelligence

2

When referring to IQ we commit a reasoning error called __

reification

3

__ __Mostly affects males, who also may have autism

Savant Syndrome

4

__ __ scores predict performance on various complex tasks, jobs & longevity

General intelligence

5

All forms of intelligence have __ value; __ places greater values on some capacities

intrinsic
culture

6

__ intelligent people are self-aware; enjoy higher-quality __ with friends; can __ __ in pursuit of long-range rewards; are __ smart

Emotionally
interactions
delay gratification
emotionally

7

__ in everyday living requires much that traditional intelligence tests don’t measure

Competence

8

Brain areas supporting __ thinking tested by intelligence tests differ from those supporting the __ thinking that imagines multiple possible answers to a problem

convergent
divergent

9

Five components of creativity beyond a minimal level of aptitude

expertise, imaginative thinking skills, a venturesome personality, Intrinsic motivation, and a creative environment

10

Creative environments free people from concern about __ __

social approval

11

MRI scans do reveal correlation of +.40 between brain size and __ __

intelligence score

12

Intelligence is due to the development of __ __ in response to the environment

neural connections

13

Highly educated people die with more __ than less educated people

synapses

14

Highly intelligent people have more __ __ (ability to develop new neural connections)

neural plasticity

15

Different __ __ compete for the brain’s real estate

mental functions

16

__ __ just above outer edge of eyebrows is a spot where info from various brain areas seem to converge and is very active

Frontal lobe area

17

Verbal intelligence scores are predictable from the __ with which people retrieve info from memory

speed

18

Correlation between intelligence score and __ of taking in perceptual info is +.4 to +.5

speed

19

Those who __ quickly tend to score somewhat higher on intelligence tests

perceive

20

Highly intelligent people’s brain waves register a simple __ more quickly and with greater complexity; evoked brain response is slightly __ when they perform a simple task

stimulus
faster

21

People who more quickly __ __ accumulate more info

process info

22

Binet assumed all children follow the same course of __ development but some develop more rapidly

intellectual

23

To measure __ __, Binet developed varied reasoning and problem solving questions that might predict school achievement using mental __

mental age
aptitude

24

Binet said the only purpose of the test was to identify schoolchildren needing __ __

special attention

25

To raise low scoring children’s capacities, Binet recommended __ __, which would train them to develop their attention span and self discipline

mental orthopedics

26

Today’s intelligence tests produce a __ __ score based on the test-taker’s performance relative to the average performance of others the same age

mental ability

27

Terman’s motive was to take account the inequalities of children in original endowment by assessing their __ __

vocational fitness

28

Achieved vocab influences __ test scores; aptitudes for learning and test-taking influence __ test scores

aptitude
achievement

29

Both aptitude and achievement test asses both __ and its __

ability
development

30

__ test predict future performance; __ tests assess current performance

Aptitude
achievement