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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (74)
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1

In forming ___, you must select, process, store, and retrieve information

memories

2

Complex thinking: __ lobe active; Working memory: __ and __ lobe active

frontalparietal and temporal

3

Automatic processing: (incidental information)__: visualize location where certain material appears__: unintentionally note the sequence of the day’s events, and retrace your steps__: effortlessly keep track of how many times things happen

SpaceTimeFrequency

4

Brains’ __ processing helps processing go on without our need to pay attention to it

parallel

5

The amount remembered depends on the __ spent learning

time

6

After we learn material, additional rehearsal (overlearning) __ retention

increases

7

Information presented in the __ before sleep is well remembered

hour

8

Restudying material for comprehensive final exams will enhance __ retention

lifelong

9

Our memory system processes information by __ its significant features

encoding

10

Process info in three key ways: __ its meaning, its __, and by mentally __ it

encodingimageorganizing

11

We tend not to remember things exactly as they were; we remember what we __

encoded

12

Processing a word __ produces better recognition of it at a later time than __

semanticallyvisually

13

Learning meaningful material required __ of the effort as nonsense material

one-tenth

14

Information deemed relevant to me is processed more __ and remains more __

deeplyaccessible

15

Remember __ words lend themselves to imagery more than __, no imagery words

concreteabstract

16

Memory for concrete nouns is aided by encoding them both __ and __

semantically and visually

17

Remember info best when we can organize it into __ meaningful arrangements

personally

18

People develop an expertise in an area, they process info in __ but also in __ composed of few broad concepts divided and subdivided into narrower concepts and facts

chunkshierarchies

19

We retrieve info efficiently by organizing knowledge in __

hierarchies

20

Without active processing, __ memories have a limited life

short-term

21

Short-term memory stores __ or so bits of info

seven

22

Short-term recall is slightly better for random __ than random __

digitsletters

23

At any given moment, we can __ process only a very limited amount of information

consciously

24

Our capacity for storing __ memories is essentially limitless

long-term

25

Our whole past is in complete detail, just waiting to be relived in the brain’s __

memory

26

We do not seem to store most information with the __ of a tape recorder

exactness

27

Given increased activity in a particular pathway, neural interconnections __ or __

form or strengthen

28

Increased __ efficiency makes for more efficient neural circuits

synaptic

29

Drugs that block __ interfere with learning; Developing drugs that boost production of the protein __, which can switch genes on and off (genes code production of proteins)

LTPCREB

30

With repeated neural firing, a nerve cell’s genes produce ___ proteins, enabling long-term memories to form

synapse-strengthening