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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (61)
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1

Three major issues developmental psychology is centered on

1) nature/nurture2) continuity/stages3) stability/change

2

sperm that reach egg release __ __ that eat the egg's __ covering

digestive enzymesprotective

3

once sperm enters egg, egg __ other sperm from entering

blocks

4

10 days: cells attach to uterine wall forming the __

placenta

5

milestone of zygote stage

cells differentiate into specialized locations and structures

6

milestone of embryo stage

differentiated cells develop into organs and bones

7

can respond to, recognize, and adapt to sounds

fetuses

8

babies gaze more at __ and objects that are __ - __ inches away from face

faces8-12

9

to recognize a new stimulus as different, the infant must remember the __ stimulus

initial

10

__ __ are last to develop that are pathways supporting language and agility

association areas

11

__ __ helps our motor development, __ has limited effects

biological maturationexperience

12

as the brain cortex matures, toddlers gain a sense of __, __ __ storage increases

selflong term

13

__ are systemizers__ are empathizers

boysgirls

14

arithmetic transformations, includes analogies

concrete operations

15

allegorical thinking, includes algebra

formal operations

16

Body contact provides a safe __ and secure __

havenbase

17

less likely to explore surroundings, cling to mom; insensitive, unresponsive

insecure attachment

18

explore environment with mom; sensitive, responsive

secure attachment

19

most abusive parents were __ as kids

abused

20

deprivation of attachment decreases amount of __ which calms aggressive impulses

serotonin

21

all children need is a __, __ relationship with people whom they can __

consistent, warmtrust

22

teens are able to detect __ in others' reasoning and spot __

inconsistencieshypocrisy

23

What are the 3 stages of Kohlberg's moral reasoning?

preconventional moralityconventional moralityPostconventional morality

24

moral __ precede moral __.moral __ is more than thinking

feelingsreasoningjudgement

25

morality involves doing the __ __. those who learn __ __ are more successful. moral __ feeds moral __.

right thingdelay gratificationaction, attitudes

26

Erikson's stages of development: Infancy Issue- __ vs __needs are dependably met, develop sense of basic trust

Trust vs Mistrust

27

Erikson's stages of development: toddlerhood Issue- __ vs __. exercise will and do things for themselves or doubt their abilities

Autonomy vs shame & doubt

28

Erikson's stages of development: Preschooler Issue- __ vs __. initiate tasks and carry out plans or feel guilty about efforts to be independent

initiative vs guilt

29

Erikson's stages of development: elementary school Issue- __ vs __. pleasure of applying themselves to tasks, or feel inferior

competence vs inferiority

30

Erikson's stages of development: adolescence Issue- __ vs __. work at refining sense of self by testing roles to form a single identity, or confused about who they are

identity vs. role confusion