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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Key Terms Deck (65)
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1

our awareness of ourselves and our environment

consciousness

2

our minds take deliberate actions we know we are doing

conscious "high" track

3

our minds perform automatic actions, often w/o being aware of them

unconscious "low" track

4

info about yourself and environment of which you are currently aware

conscious level

5

body processes controlled by your mind that we are not aware of

non-conscious level

6

info about yourself and environment that you’re not currently thinking about, but could be

preconscious level

7

info that we are not consciously aware of, but we know must exist due to behavior

subconscious level

8

houses events/feelings unacceptable to the conscious mind and are repressed, yet still influence behavior or make its presence known in dreams

unconscious level

9

periodic physiological fluctuations

biological rhythms

10

experience seasonal variations in appetite, sleep length, and moods

annual cycles

11

depressed mood during winter dark months (especially far north)

seasonal affective disorder

12

fluctuating moods during female menstrual cycle

28-day cycles

13

varying alertness, body temperatures, and growth hormone secretion

24-hour cycles

14

moving through various stages of sleep

90-minute cycles

15

the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (ex: temperature and wakefulness) that occur on a 24-hour cycle

circadian rhythm

16

pair of pinhead-sized 20000 cell clusters controlling circadian clock

Suprachiasmatic nucleus

17

a recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly occur; AKA paradoxical sleep, because the muscles are relaxed (except for minor twitches) but other body systems are active

REM (rapid eye movement) sleep

18

the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state

alpha waves

19

periodic, natural, reversible loss of consciousness- as distinct from unconsciousness resulting from a coma, general anesthesia, or hibernation

sleep

20

false sensory experiences, such as seeing something in the absence of an external visual stimulus

hallucinations

21

sensation of falling where your body will suddenly jerk, or floating

hypnagogic sensations

22

bursts of rapid, rhythmic brain wave activity

sleep spindles

23

the large, slow brain waves associated with deep sleep

delta waves

24

impotence; having morning erections

erectile dysfunction

25

recurring problems in falling or staying asleep

insomnia

26

a sleep disorder characterized by uncontrollable sleep attacks; the sufferer may lapse directly into REM sleep, often at inopportune times

narcolepsy

27

a sleep disorder characterized by temporary cessations of breathing during sleep and repeated momentary awakenings

sleep apnea

28

a sleep disorder characterized by high arousal and an appearance of being terrified; unlike nightmares, they occur during Stage 4 sleep, within 2 or 3 hours of falling asleep, and are seldom remembered

night terrors

29

Stage 4 sleep disorders most prone to children

sleepwalking and sleeptalking

30

sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through sleeping person’s mind

dream