Chapter 17 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 Vocab Deck (40):
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Psychotherapy

An emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties

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Biomedical therapy

Prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patients nervous system

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Eclectic approach

An approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the clients problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy

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Psychoanalysis

Sigmund Freud's therapeutic technique. Freud believed the patient's free associations resistances, dreams, and transferences-and the therapists interpretations of them- released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight

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Sigmund Freud

Associated with psychoanalysis

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Free association

In psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing

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Resistance

In psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material

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Interpretation

In psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight

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Transference

In psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships

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Client-centered therapy

A humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting empathic environment to facilitate client's growth

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Carl Rogers

Developed client-centered therapy

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Active Listening

Empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies. A feature of Rogers' client-centered therapy

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Behavior Therapy

Therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors

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Counterconditioning

A behavior therapy procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors; based on classical conditioning

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Exposure Therapy

Behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treats anxieties by exposing people to the things they fear and avoid

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Systematic Desensitization

A type of Counterconditioning that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias

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Virtual reality exposure therapy

An anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking

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Aversive Conditioning

A type of Counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior

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Token economy

An operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats

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Cognitive therapies

Therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumptions that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions

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Cognitive-behavior therapy

A popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy with behavior therapy

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Group therapy

Normally consists of 6-9 people attending a 90-minute session that can help more people and cost less. Clients benefit knowing others have similar problems

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Family therapy

Therapy that treats the family as a system views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by or directed at other family members; attempts to guide family members toward positive relationships and improved communication

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Regression toward the mean

?

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Meta-analysis

A procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies

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EMDR

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing
A therapist attempts to unlock and reprocess previous frozen traumatic memories by waving a finger in front of the eyes of the client

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Light exposure therapy

Helps to treat SAD (seasonal affective disorder) a client is exposed to a bright light to help treat patients suffering from SAD

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Psychopharmacology

The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior

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Placebo effect

Any effect in behaviors by expectations; any effect in behavior caused by the administration of an inert substance or condition, which is assumed to be an active agent

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Double-blind study

Both the participant and researcher are unaware of who is receiving the actual drug or who is receiving the placebo

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Antipsychotic drugs

Dampen the responsiveness to irrelevant stimuli

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Tardive dyskinesia

Involuntary movements of the facial muscles, tongue, and limbs; a possible neurotoxic side effect of long-term use of antipsychotic drugs that target D2 dopamine receptors

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Antianxiety drugs

Depress the central nervous system activity and in combination with psychotherapy, they can help a person learn to cope with frightening situations and fear-triggering stimuli

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Antidepressant drugs

Lift people up from a depressed state by increasing the availability of norepinephrine or serotonin, neurotransmitters that evaluate arousal and mood and appear scarce during depression

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SSRI's

Block the reuptake of serotonin

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Lithium

(A simple salt) Mood stabilizing medication

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Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

A biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient

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Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)

The application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity

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Psychosurgery

Surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior

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Lobotomy

A now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves that connect the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain.