Chapter 18 Vocab part 1 Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology > Chapter 18 Vocab part 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 18 Vocab part 1 Deck (20):
0

Social Psychology

the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another

1

Attribution Theory

suggests how we explain someone's behavior-by crediting either the situation of the person's disposition

2

Fundamental Attribution Error

the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior, to underestimate the impact of the situation and to overestimate the impact of personal disposition

3

Attitudes

feelings, often based on our beliefs, that predispose us to respond in a particular way to objects, people, and events

4

Foot-in-the-door-phenomenon

the tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request

5

Philip Zimbardo-Stanford Prison Experiment

A toxic situation triggered degrading behavior among those assigned to the guard role while the prisoners broke down mentally

6

Cognitive Dissonance Theory

the theory that we act to reduce the discomfort (dissonance) we feel when two of our thoughts (cognitions) are inconsistent

7

Conformity

adjusting one's behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard

8

The Asch Conformity Experiment

??

9

Normative Social Influence

influence resulting from a person's desire to gain approval or avoid disapproval

10

Information Social Influence

influence resulting from one's willingness to accept others' opinions about reality

11

Stanley Milgram's Obedience Experiment

???

12

Social Facilitation

stronger responses on simple or well-learned tasks in the presence of others

13

Social Loafing

the tendency for people in a group to exert less effort when poling their efforts toward attaining a common goal than when individually accountable

14

Deindividuation

the loss of self-awareness and self-restraint occurring in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity

15

Group Polarization

the enhancement of a group's prevailing inclinations through discussion within the group

16

Groupthink

the mode of thinking that occurs when the desire for harmony in a decision-making group overrides a realistic appraisal of alternatives

17

Prejudice

an unjustifiable (and usually negative) attitude toward a group and its members. Prejudice generally involves stereotyped beliefs, negative feelings, and a predisposition to discriminatory action

18

Stereotype

a generalized (sometimes accurate but often overgeneralized) belief about a group of people

19

Discrimination

unjustifiable negative behavior toward a group or its members