Chapter 18 Vocab part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18 Vocab part 2 Deck (21):
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Ingroup

"Us"- people with whom one shares a common identity

1

Outgroup

"Them"- those perceived as different or apart from one's ingroup

2

In-group Bias

the tendency to favor one's own group

3

Scapegoat Theory

the theory that prejudice offers an outlet for anger by providing someone to blame

4

Just-world Phenomenon

the tendency of people to believe the world is just and that people therefore get what they desire and deserve what they get

5

Aggression

any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy

6

Frustration-aggression Principle

the principle that frustration-the blocking of an attempt to achieve some goal- creates anger, which can generate aggression

7

Conflict

a perceived incompatibility of actions, goals, or ideas

8

Social Traps

a situation in which the conflicting parties, by each rationally pursuing their self-interest, become caught in mutually destructive behavior

9

Mere-exposure effect

the phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of them

10

Passionate Love

an aroused state of intense positive absorption in another, usually present at the beginning of a love relationship

11

Companionate Love

The deep affectionate attachment we feel for those with whom our lives are intertwined

12

Equity

A condition in which people receive from a relationship in proportion to what they give to it

13

Self-Disclosure

Revealing intimate aspects of oneself to others

14

Altruism

Unselfish regard for the welfare of others

15

Bystander Effect

The tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present

16

Social Exchange Theory

The theory that our social behavior is an exchange process, the aim of which is to maximize benefits and minimize costs

17

Reciprocity Norm

An expectation that people will help, not hurt, those who have helped them

18

Social-responsibility Norm

An expectation that people will help those dependent upon them

19

Superordinate Goals

Shared goals that override differences among people and require their cooperation

20

GRIT

Graduated and reciprocated initiatives on tension-reduction- a strategy designed to decrease international tensions