Chapter 9 Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Part 2 Deck (23):
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Iconic Memory

A visual sensory memory that lasts 1-2 secs.
A momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli; a photographic or picture-image memory pasting no more than a few tenths of a second

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Echoic memory

Auditory sensory memory that lasts 3-4 secs.
A momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli; if attention is elsewhere, sounds and words can still be recalled within 3-4 seconds

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George Miller

Associated with short term memory

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Long-term potentiation

An increase in a synapses firing potential after brief, rapid stimulation. Believed to be a neural basis for learning and memory

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Amnesia

The loss of memory

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Implicit memory

Retention independent of conscious recollection

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Explicit Memory

Memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and "declare"

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Hippocampus

A neural center that is located in the limbic system and helps process explicit memories for storage

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Cerebellum

The brain region extending out from the rate of the brainstem-plays a key role in forming and storing the implicit memories created by classical conditioning

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Recognition

A measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned

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Recall

A measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier

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Relearning

A memory measure that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material for a second time

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Priming

The activation, often unconsciously, of particular associations in memory

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Deja vu

The eerie sense that "I've experienced this before." Cues from the current situation may subconsciously trigger retrieval of an earlier experience

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Mood-Congruent memory

The tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with ones current good or bad mood

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Ebbinghaus

?

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Proactive Interference

The disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information

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Retroactive Interference

The disruptive effect of new learning on the recall of old information

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Repression

The basic defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness anxiety- arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories

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Freud

?

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Loftus

A psychologist, known specifically for her work with memory

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Misinformation effect

Incorporating misleading information into ones memory of an event

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Source amnesia

Attributing to the wrong source of an event we have experienced, heard about, red about, or imagined